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14 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What is one way of grouping the 50 states?
There are 7 geographical regions in the United States.
- Northeast
- Southeast
- Southwest
- Midwest
- Rocky Mountains
- Pacific
- Noncontiguous
What are some examples of cities that historically have had political, economic, and/or cultural significance to the development of the United States?
- New York, Boston, Pittsburgh,
- Washington D.C., New Orleans, Atlanta
- Chicago, St. Louis, Detroit
- San Antonio, Santa Fe
- San Francisco, Los Angeles, Seattle
- Juneau, Honolulu
What major events took place in American history prior to 1877 and what was their impact on American history?
- Native American period
- Exploration by Europeans
- Establishment of British Colonies
- Slavery
- Declaration of Independence
- Revolutionary War
- The Constitution
- Manifest Destiny and Settling the West
- Civil War and Reconstruction
How did people's perceptions and use of the Great Plains change after the Civil War?
New technologies allowed people to see potential in the Great Plains, not as a "treeless wasteland" as they had before.
How did people on the Great Plains adapt to challenging environments?
They used new inventions and adaptations including: barbed wire, steel plows, dry farming, sod houses, beef cattle raising, wheat farming, windmills, and railroads.
Why did westward expansion occur?
1. Opportunities for land ownership (Homestead Act)
2. Technological advances, including the Transcontinental Railroad
3. Possibility of wealth (mining)
4. Adventure
5. A new beginning for former slaves
What inventions created great change and industrial growth in the United States?
- electricity
- telephone
What created the rise of big business?
- national markets
- captains of industry (Rockefeller, Carnegie, Henry Ford)
- advertising
- lower-cost production
What factors caused the growth of industry?
- access to raw materials and energy
- availability of work force
- inventions
- financial resources
What challenges faced Americans as a result of those social and technological changes?
- Rapid industrialization and urbanization led to overcrowded immigrant neighborhoods and tenements

- Discrimination against immigrants (Chinese/Irish)
Why did cities develop?
- Specialized industries (steel- Pittsburgh, meat packing- Chicago)

- Immigrants from other countries

- Movement of Americans from rural to urban areas for job opportunities
What challenges were faced by cities during the time of industrialization and immigration?
- Tenements and ghettos
- Political corruption
What efforts were made to solve immigration problems?
- Settlement houses were established (Hull House, founded by Jane Addams)
- Political machines gained power by attending to the needs of new immigrants (eg. jobs, housing)
Why did immigration occur?
- Hope for better opportunities
- Religious freedom
- Escape from oppressive governments
- Adventure