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120 Cards in this Set

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alta
tall
pli alta
taller
plej alta
tallest
bela
pretty
pli bela
prettier
plej bela
prettiest
bona
good
pli bona
better
plej bona
best
ol is used with pli
to translate "than" comparisions

Li estas pli alta ol vi
He is taller than you
Ŝi estas pli bela ol ŝia patrino.
She is more beautiful than her mother.
Mia hundo estas pli bona ol la via.
My dog is better than yours.
El is used with plej
to mean "of" in the sense of out of.
Li estas la plej alta el la fratoj.
He is the tallest of the brothers.
alte
highly
pli alte
more highly
plej alte
most highly
bele
beautifully
pli bele
more beautifully
plej bele
most beautifully
bone
well
pli bone
better
ŝi kantas plej bele.
she sings most beautifully.
Ne usually comes
before the verb
Mi ne skribis leteron.
I did not write a litter.
Ne mi skribis leteron.
It was not I who wrote a letter (someone else did)
Mi skribis ne leteron, sed poŝtkarton.
I did not write a letter, but a postcard.
-ad-
denotes the continuation or constant repetition of an action.

In the noun form equal to english -ing forms.
pafado
a firing (fusillade)

pafas shoots
legado
reading (process)
legas
iradas
keeps on going
Kantado
singing (the act)
dancado
dancing

dancas dances
-ar-
denotes a collection of the things indicated by the root.
kamparo
countryside
montaro
mountain range
monto mountain
arbaro
a wood, forest
ŝafaro
a flock of sheep
homaro
mankind
hirundaro
a flight of swallows
bestaro
fauna, animal kingdom
birdaro
flock of birds
-ebl-
denotes possibility (-able, -ible in English)
komprenebla
understandable
movebla
movable
legebla
legible
videbla
visible
sentebla
perceptible
kredebla
credible, probable
nekalkulebla
incalculable
-ind-
denotes worthiness, merit, deserving of something
aminda
lovable
farinda
worth doing
laŭdinda
praiseworthy
mirinda
marvellous, wonderful, astonishing
rimarkinda
remarkable, worth noticing
vizitinda
worth visiting
-id-
denotes the young or offspring of
ŝafido
lamb
kokido
chicken
katido
kitten
hundido
puppy
bovido
calf
leonido
lion cub
aĝo
age
akompanas
accompanies
alportas
brings
alproksimiĝas
approaches
alvenas
arrives
aniĝas
joins
Antarkto
the antarctic
Arkto
the arctic
bezonas
needs
bezono
need
celo
aim, goal destination
ĉe-estas
is at, attends
ĉirkaŭaĵoj
surroundings
danko
grattitude
dankon
thank you
danke al
thanks to
enhavas
has in, contains
escepte de
except
farmaciejo
pharmacy
farmdomo
farmhouse
flava
yellow
fonto
spring,source
hirundo
swallow
instruisto
teacher
jarcento
century
klopodas
takes steps to, endeavors
konservas
preserves
kredas
believes
kuratoro
curator, guardian
kuriozas
curious, quaint
kvadratmejlo
square mile
kvazaŭ
as if
makramo
macrame
migras
migrates
ol
than
permesas
permits, allows
pravas
is right
provas
tries out, tries on
sekura
safe secure
signifas
means
kion signifas ... ?
what does ... mean?
ŝtatparko
state/national park.
tra
through
tute
quite
ne tute
not quite
tute ne
not at all
vendas
sells
vivas
lives, is alive
volonte
willingly, would like to
ĉu ne?
haven't they, isn't it, don't we? etc.
ĉu vere?
really?
devas vidi
must see
mi esperas, ke jes
I hope so
pli aĝa
older
se jes

se ne
if so

if not
tago post tago
day after day
tiel-nomata
so called