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130 Cards in this Set

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To show movement toward a place
add -n to the noun
La kato saltas sur la tablon

La kato saltas sur la tablo
The cat jumps on to the table.

The cat (already on the table) is jumping (around) on the table.
If an adverb shows place
movement to that place is shown by adding an -n
Li iris hejmen
he went home.
antaŭen
forwards
malantaŭen
backwards
supren
upwards
malsupren
downwards
norden
northwards
suden
southwards
orienten
eastwards
okcidenten
westwards
Kien vi iras
where are you going (to)?
Kien li venturis?
Where did he travel (to)?
Mi iras tien.
I am going there (to that place)
Li venturis tien.
He travelled there (to that place).
to show movement from a place
de is put in front of the preposition showing place. (-n is not used)
La kato saltis de sur la tablo.
the cat jumped off (from on) the table.
hejme
at home
hejmen
to one's home, homeward.
To give direct commands
-u is added to the verb.
Iru al la pordo!
go to the door!
Let's (do something)
Ni ... -u
Ni iru al la kinejo.
Let's go to the cinema.
Dio vin benu!
(May) God bless you!
ĉu
shall
ĉu mi faru ĝin?
shall I do it?
ĉu mi sendu ĝin?
Shall I send it?
-uj-
denotes a container for the articles named in the root.

mono money
monujo purse

inko ink
inkujo inkpot
-an-
denotes a member, inhabitant or partisan.

grupo group
groupano groupmember

vilaĝo village
vilaĝano villager
aero
air
afero
matter, affair, thing
(al)logas
attracts
allogo
attraction
anstataŭ
instead of
aviado
aviation
aviadilo
aircraft
biblioteko
library
biciklo
bicycle
butiko
shop
decidas
decides
dialekto
dialect
Dio
God
diskuto
discussion
diversa
different, diverse
egala
equal
ekspozicio
exhibition
fama
famous
faras
makes, does
ferio
holiday
festo
festival
popolfesto
folk festival
flugas
flies
formas
forms
gazeto
magazine, periodical
glaso
(drinking)glass
grava
important, serious
hodiaŭ
today
hoko
hook
homo
human being
homoj
people
ideala
ideal
industrio
industry
instruo
instruction
instruas
teaches
inteligenta
intelligent
jako
jacket
kalendaro
calendar
kelkfoje
sometimes
kiam
when
komencas
begins
komprenas
understands
koncerto
concert
kuir-arto
cuisine, cooking arts
kune
together
kunveno
meeting, come together
kuras
runs
konsentas
agrees
konstantly
constantly, continually
kostumo
costume
kvankam
although
leciono
lesson
linio
line
longa
long
ludo
game
luksa
luxurious
mankas
is lacking
maro
sea
membro
member
mencias
mentions
mondo
world
muso
mouse
muzeo
museum
nacio
nation
naturo
nature
oficiala
official
okazas
occurs, takes place
ordinara
ordinary
pensas
thinks
per
by means of
poemo
poem
popolo
people (nation)
la svisa popolo
the swiss people
kelkaj popolo
some people
poste
aftewards
prenas
takes, picks up
prezidanto
chairman
problemo
problem
restas
remains, stays
romanĉa
Romanche (language of Switz.)
saltas
jumps
se
if
sen
without
simila
similar
similas
resembles
solvas
solves
solvo
solution
sono
sound
spektaklo
spectacle, display
ŝipo
ship
ŝtato
state (nation)
tamen
however, nevertheless
teatro
theatre
trans
across (other side of)
trinkas
drinks
turo
tower
tuta
whole, entire
universitato
university
unua
first
vera
true
vere
truly, really
vespero
evening
Bonan vesperon!
good evening
la pasintan jaron
last year