Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/110

Click to flip

110 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
sur
on
sub
under, below
apud
near
antaŭ
before, in front of
al
to
de
of, from
kun
with
je
indeterminite
Li vetas je ĉevaloj
indirect object indicated by
al + noun/pronoun
La patro donas pupon al ŝi.
The father gives a doll to her.
past tense verbs end
-is
jam
already
often used to indicate has/have.
Possessive adjectives
add -a to personal pronouns
mia
my mine
via
your, yours
nia
our, ours
ŝia
her, hers
ĝia
its
lia
his
ilia
their, theirs
the word "la" can distinguish...
yours, mine, etc.

Jen via libro
here is your book
Jen la via.
here is yours.
Future tense verbs end
-os
When kiu, kio, or kia is the object
-n is added
kiun, kion, kian
Kial
why, for what reason
tial
therefore, for that reason
re-
denotes repetition of an act and return of a person or thing to a place.
Ĉi
indicates nearness
usually used with ti- correlatives
tie there. Ĉi tie here
tiu that. Ĉi tiu this
Scias
to know a fact
Konas
to be acquainted (with a person or place)
amiko
friend
anoco
announcement
apartamento
apartment
apud
beside, near to
antendas
waits for
boneziro
good wishes
bonvena, bonvenon
welcome
eduko
education
edzo
husband
edzino
wife
eksterlando
abroad (foreign lands)
ekzistas
exists
el
out of
esperas
hopes
feliĉa
happy
finas
finishes
fine
finally, at last
fiŝo
fish
forgesas
forgets
fotografio
photography
fundamento
foundation, element
gasto
guest
gastejo
guesthouse, hostel
helpas
helps
historio
history
informo
information
jaro
year
ĵus
just (immediate past)
mi ĵus skribis I have just written.
kaptas
catch
kara
dear
kato
cat
ke
that (conjunction)
kolegio
college
korespondas
corresponds
koro
heart
kora
cordial
koverto
envelope
kun
with
kuŝas
lies (position)
lago
lake
lando
land, country
leterportisto
postman
libera
free
lingvo
language
malsata
hungry
muziko
music
nomo
name
Norvego
a Norwegian
Norvegujo
Norway
ofta
frequent
ofte
often
paĝo
page
papero
piece of paper
petas
asks
plezuro
pleasure
portas
carries
post
after
poste
afterwards
poŝto
post, mail
poŝtisto
postal worker
poŝtkarto
postcard
poŝtmarko
postage stamp
precipe
mainly
preta
ready
pro
for, because of
reciproke
reciprocally, in exchange for
renkontas
meets
revuo
magazine
ricevas
receives
rigardas
looks at, watches
saluto
greeting
saluton
hello
sata
satisfied (of hunger)
sendas
sends
serĉas
looks for, seeks
abako
abacus
abato
abbot
abdomeno
abdomen
abelo
bee
abelejo
apiary
abelujo
hive
abismo
abyss