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125 Cards in this Set

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-anta
gives the active present participle of the verb.

doing the action in the root
-inta
gives the active past participle of the root

having done the action in the root.
falanta
falling
falinta
fallen
fluganta
flying
fluginta
flown
mi estas falinta
I have fallen
ni estas falintaj
we have fallen
vi estas valintaj
you (plural) have fallen
ili estas falintaj
they have fallen
the present perfect of I have fallen ...
mi estas falinta
the past perfect (pluperfect) of I had fallen
mi estis falinta
vi estis falinta
you had fallen
ni estis falintaj
we had fallen
vi estis falintaj
you (pl) had fallen
the future perfect of I shall have fallen
mi estos falinta
vi estos falinta
you will have fallen
li estos falinta
he will have fallen
ni estos falintaj
we shall have fallen
vi estos falintaj
you (pl) will have fallen
ili estos falintaj
they will have fallen
-onta
describes an action on the point of starting
La arbo estis falonta
the tree was about to fall
Mi venos en la venonta vintro
I will come this coming (about to come) winter.
Estonta tempo
future time (about to be time)
If the participles take -o in place of the -a ending ...
it indicates a person performing the action

ami ... amanto lover
ju (pli/malpli) ... des (pli/malpli)
the (more/less) ... the (more/less)
ju pli rapide, des pli bone.
the quicker, the better
ju pli mi legas ĝin, des malpli mi comprenas ĝin.
the more I read it the less I understand it.
des pli
all the more, so much the more
ajn
gives a generalizing sense, often used with correlatives
kiu ajn
whoever, whichever
kio ajn
whatever
kia ajn
whatever kind of
kie ajn
wherever
kiam ajn
whenever
kiom ajn
however much
iu ajn
anyone
io ajn
anything
ia ajn
any kind of
ie ajn
anywhere
iam ajn
any time
iom ajn
any amount
-il-
denotes the instrument by which the root is carried out.

tranĉi cut ... tranĉilo knife
ek-
denotes the beginning of an action, or shows it is only momentary

vidi to see ... ekvidi to catch a glimpse
agado
action, activity
agita sekigilo
tumble drier
ampleksa
extensive
atingi
to attain, reach
bakujo
oven
boli
boil
boligi
to boil (something)
boligilo
kettle
bonŝanca
lucky
bruna
brown
centrifuga sekigilo
spin drier
dubi
to doubt, be doubtful
ekipaĵo
equipment
ekspluati
to exploit
enui
to be bored
enuigi
to bore (someone)
fabriki
to manufacture
fabriko
factory
frosti
to freeze
frostigilo
freezer
fulmo
lightning
gladi
to iron (clothes)
grimpi
to climb
gvidi
to guide, lead
haro
a hair
hararo
the hair (of the head)
indiki
to indicate
intenci
to intend
kontroli
to check
kudri
to sew
kuirforno
cooker
kvalito
quality
laŭeble
as far as possible
magazeno
store, large shop
magnetofono
tape recorder
manĝilaro
crockery, dishes
marbordo
coast, sea side
mem
oneself, itself, themselves, etc
mikro-onda
microwave
naĝi
to swim
nepre
without fail
nome
namely
oferi
to sacrifice
okulo
eye
pan-rostilo
toaster
pantalono
trousers, pants
partopreni
to take part
pasi
to pass (by)
pasigi
to spend (time)
polvo
dust
povosuĉilo
sweeper
poŝo
pocket
prezo
price
prizorgi
to look after
proksima
near
malproksima
distant
proksimume
approximately
radiofono
radio
rajdi
to ride (horse, cycle, etc.)
rajti
to be entitled to
ĉu mi rajtas?
may I?
rakonto
story, account
razi
to shave
robo
to dress, robe
ruĝa
red
scivoli
to wonder (want to know)
sperti
to experience
ŝati
to appreciate, think highly of
ŝlosi
to lock
ŝpari
to save
malŝpari
to waste
taŭga
suitable
taŭgi
to be suitable
velado
sailing
vico
(someone's) turn
vidbendaparato
video recorder
toleri la elspezon de
to afford
ekscii
to get to know, find out
flugilo
wing
helpanto
helper