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28 Cards in this Set

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Athens
mecca(center of greece), was a city that governed itself and they created the council to adminster laws and stuided art,philosophy,and polictics
Sparta
miltant/authoritative
warriors
did'nt focus on the humiantes
Acropolis
hilltop fortess
Polytheistic
people who worship many gods
Democracy
rule by the people
Direct Democracy
people rule directly and made decisons for themselves
Representative Democracy
people choose a person
Socrates
one most powerful thinkers
he believed there were absolute standards for truth and justice
Aristotle
a student of socartes ,wrote the republic(about perfect governed society)
Aristotle
a student of plato,created the basis for the scienctific methond , taught alexander
Monarchy
state ruled by king
some rules claim divine right(they are the closet thing to god)
Aristocracy
state ruled by nobility
based on land ownership
social status
Pericles
a skillful politican and a respected general, he strengthen athenian democracy and hold and strengthen the empire and to glorify athens
The Golden Years
greece goes to the peak of its civillzation
Alexander The Great
a person from macedonia, he was hellenistic and conquered much of known world during that time
Darius III
a persian emperor who fought alexander and lost (did not fight with his troops)
Oligarchy
state ruled by small group of citizens
rule is based on wealth
Classical Art
the art of anicent greece and rome which harmony,order , and balence were emphasized
Hellenistic Age
a type of age and alexander created it
Persian Wars-
alexander the great conquers persia by defeating darius III and claming persia for greece
Peloponnesian War
27 year war, sparata won due to a plague and athens becomes weak`
Stoicism
zeno of cyprus
life modeled after nature
avoided excesses and attended to duty and controled emotions
Epicureanism
epicurus
sought pleasure in moderation (freedom from pain in the body and trouble in the mind)
Skepticism
pyrrho of elis
voice doubts about anything
Cyncism
diogenes
violating laws, exposing corruption,vice,and hypocrisy
republic
a form of government where the power rests with the citizens who have the right to vote
patricians
landowners, had most of the power
plebeians
common farmers that did not have much power