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140 Cards in this Set

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Deprecate
Predicate
to express disapproval,反对
self-deprecating = 自謙,自貶
We strongly deprecate the use of violence by the strikers.
Foreshadow
預示Represent something that is coming, foretell

The skirmish foreshadow a bigger conflict.
Reverberate
Echo, resound, resonate

The shocking news reverberate around the world.
Sobriquet
nickname
Palatable
palpable=perceptible
Impalpable=inscrutable=enigmatic
Pleasant to the taste, agreeable to the mind. 合味口的. Palate = 味道,興趣

She didnot find my suggestion at all palatable.
Invoke
Call upon the power of God, law, beseech compare evoke
喚起(記憶等);引起
That old movie evoked memories of my childhood.
Constrain
Restrain
Constrain = 驅使,強迫
Restrain = 克制,壓抑 ~. anger
He is constrained by concience to tell only the truth.
Demean
Demeanor=behavior
degrade, belittle, denigrate 贬低

Donot demean yourself to answer him.
Preternatural
unvonventional, offbeat, 不可思議的, uncanny
A worrior of preternatural strength.
Vicarious
done for other

She cannot have child, but she gets vicarious pleasure by looking after her brother's childrend.
The vicarious suffering of Jesus.
Abominable
討厭的, deplorable, disgusting, dreadful, odious, detestable, awful

The food in the hotel is abominable.
Fiendish
disagreeable, wicked, difficult

A fiendish problem.
Denigrate
belittle, derogate, smear, defame, vilify

The critic denigrate our effort.
Gamut
Complete range

He expresses a gamut of facial expressions.
Interjection
act of making sudden remark between other remarks.
感嘆詞 = exclamation
Cow
frighten into submission 威嚇

The people were cowed by the execution of their leader.
Obsequies
Funeral ceremonies
Legerdemain
詭辯
deceitful argument
Autocracy
dictatorship
Underpin
give strength or support

A solid basis of envidence underpin her theory.
Alma Mater
school one went to
Hedonistic
self indulgent 享樂主義的

Hedonistic lifestyle
Children's Taunt
First Lady Jaunt
Vaunting coalition
Daunting task
insult

Vaunt = 吹噓
Vaunting coalition of the willing over alliance
Fly in the face of
go against

This idea fly in the face of our principle of non intervention.
Bout
a peiod of great activities, streak

He had a bout of illness last year.
Enmity=antipathy=animosity
Empathy
deep-rooted hatred,hostility, animosity
敌意
Acquiescence
Acquiesce
默許 agree quietly often unwillingly
Sparse vs Spare
They took his money but spared his life

Richard Branson uses a sparsely decorated house as office
Grin vs Grind
1
Parsimony
frugality
Straitened

Straighten
Poor

In straitened circumstances = poverty
Orchard
Orchid
Ostrich
果园 compare Orchid (兰花) Ostrich
Scrape through
勉强通过

He scraped into Eton only after his worried parents sent him to a crammer.
Obviate
get rid of, 消除,排除

His arrival obviates the need to send someone to fetch him again.
Dismissive
轻视的, showing disregard
Valediction
告别词 compare epilogue, finale
Shabby
破旧的 compare shoddy, shady=obscure

wearing a shabby overcoat.
Blithe
gay, joyous, euphoric 愉快的,快活的

Blithe enthusiasm
Arbiter
裁判者
Widget
小饰物
Connotation
意函 implication, undertone
Raffish
Disreputable, 声誉不好的

a raffish former politician
Nascent
Prenatal
Postnatal
初生的,new born

The nascent mail order company received some orders.
Crypt
cellar, vault, 地下室
Scour
搜寻

The police scoured London for the thief.
Shifty
untrustworthy
Scam
骗局

Their scam was to ask people for donation for charitable cause.
Gauche
tactless, socially awkward 不善交际的,笨拙的

Gauche behavior
Coup
Foray
Sudden action to obtain desired result 出乎意料的行動

the great coup of Virgin's early year
Occurrence
Event 事情

This was an occurrence that would become tiresomely familiar to everyone
Tiresomely
討厭的,煩人的 odious, loathsome

This was an occurence that would become tiresomely familiar to everyone
Elicit 引起
Evoke 喚起
Invoke 喚起,招引
引起,引发 compare illicit
The recording elicited an extraordinary reaction
Evoke admiration.
It invoked memories of my childhood.
Instigation
Indignation = wrath
教唆, incitement

Oldfield arrived at the Manor at Draper's instigation.
Incidental
small and unimportant,偶爾的

With incidental help from others, he finished the job.
dribble
small thin flow, trickle

The continuing dribble of losses from the business.
Fret
苦惱;煩躁;發愁 agonize

Kristen began to fret about her school
Subsume
Include as a member

Her individuality is being subsumed into a set of shared concerns about the business.
Croquet
板球
Splay
Spread

Their long hair splaying oddly from the sides.
Imbue
Fill with 使滲透 instill

Imbue the house with a sense of style befitting a former architecture student
Came to a head
Come to a climax, result in a fight

Matters came to a head when Branson ask Kristen for help.
Engrossed
全神贯注, absorbed

He is engrossed in long negotiation.
Resound
Reverberate

The voice resounded in her ears.
Epileptic
癲癇症的
Parvenu
暴发户

Eton's foundation in the 20's made it a parvenu among public school.
Drab
dull 乏味的

Drab suit.
Quibble
argue about small point 找渣

Who would be ungracious enough to start quibbling about share holding.
De'scent = lineage
Decent
血统,後裔

of Lebanese descent
Rendition
演奏
Audition
Ocassion
be the cause of 引起

The boy's behavior occassioned his parents much anxiety
Audition
(表演者申请职位时的) 试听
Rendition = performance
Disparate
Disparity
不同的;異類的
Tepit
不熱情的,不熱烈的
a tepid reception
lukewarm praise
Rebuff
斷然拒絕,回絕;冷落 reject
Rebut=refute
His suggestion was very sharply rebuffed
Folly
ridiculous thing, foolish act, idea etc

The old man felt regret for the follies of his youth.
Transpire
become known,come to light 公开

It transpired that the president had spent the weekend golfing.
Smack
發出..气味,意味的 Savor
It is not premature, however, to say the trip smacks of desperation. Medicine that smacks of sulphur.
Fray
Foray
使(神經等)緊張 become strained

Against this fraying backdrop
Vaunt
Taunt = insult
Jaunt
Daunt
A first term spent riding roughshod over friends and vaunting 吹噓“coalitions of the willing” over alliances has not been righted 糾正(錯誤等)by a second term of diplomacy rehabilitation.
Discretion
Discrete = distinct
1 being discreet (謹慎的,慎重的) you must show more discretion in choosing your friend. 2 freedom to act using one's judgement
Brusque
粗鲁的 discourteous, rude, rough
Ex'ponent
proponent=倡導者
Exponent = 代表者 He is the supreme exponent of the English humorous essay
Steep
浸泡,陡峭的(steep=precipitous hill)
She steeped the tea in boiling water
Crunch
艱難局面,危機 The credit crunch following the subprime crysis.
Doggedly
頑強的 Chinese diplomats have worked doggedly since the U.S. award was voted on last year
Countenance
Provenance
贊同;支持 secret Department of Justice memos countenancing torture.
grotesque provenance
grotesque = 奇怪的,怪誕的
provenance = 出处
Makeshift
臨時代用的 our troops were using makeshift vehicle armor fashioned out of sandbags
Shoddy
劣等的
compare shabby, shady
country’s attention on the shoddy treatment of veterans
mercenary
雇佣兵, 圖利的;貪財的
His action was prompted by mercenary motives
Coax = cajole
Hoax = dupe
the White House’s plan to coax=cojole us into a blissful(blithe) ignorance about the war
Complicity
共谋 But the administration also invited our passive complicity (collusion, conspiracy) by requiring no shared sacrifice.
Finesse
Skillful handling of a situation, adroit maneuvering駕馭
quietly purchasing its auxiliary army of contractors to finesse the overstretched military’s holes.
Rife
充斥的,fraught. our rampant outsourcing to contractors rife with Bush-Cheney cronies (亲信)
Bellwether
wether = 閹過的公羊
领导者 vanguard
Contractors remain a bellwether of the war’s progress today
Apocalypse
apocalyptic
啟示 an Iraq war combat veteran sketched for me the apocalypse to come
Befall
happen to 降临

What has befallen him?
Palpable
可觸知的,顯然的;明白的 patent
Impalpable = inscrutable
A palpable error
Ma'lignant
sinister邪惡的 blacks were able to progress despite the most malignant forms of racism
Apathy
Antipathy - strong dislike
漠不關心 indifference
What you find is apathy in a lot of the males who don’t even know that they are supposed to be a father
Stay
延緩

The Supreme Court has granted two stays of execution
Deft
Adroit
Deft = 靈巧的 knit with deft finger. Adept in 熟練的= adept in piano. Apt 敏捷的 = apt student,Adroit = 靈巧的;敏捷的adroit maneuvering
Quirky
Oddball
Grotesque
Kinky
Ecentric
Perverted
怪癖的
Prune
Preen
trim

Branson needs someone to prune back decision that went wrong
Languish
Vanquish
Anguish
beome languid = 消沈,無精神,謝
Robert Diaz languished on death row at San Quentin State Prison
Disdain=scorn

Distain=defile
Despise, Scorn 藐視

the lawyer who disdained the continuing war in Iraq
Tenuous
薄的,細的

the tenuous spider web
Anguish
Languish
Vanquish
痛苦的

But farm-state stalwarts = staunch(忠實的支持者)rose up in anguished, bipartisan protest and Mr. Harkin backed down
Mo'notony
Boredom
枯燥,單調 mo'notonous

with hardly a village to break the anxious monotony.
Redact

ri'dakt
edit

dozens of the report’s passages were redacted,
Incinerate
燒成灰, compare obliterate
Japan — an industrialized country three times Iraq’s size, two of whose cities had been incinerated by atomic bombs
Cove, Clove, Grove, Alcove
a clove of garlic
Cove = 小海灣
Clove = 丁香
Grove = 小樹林
Vanquish
Anguish
Languish
the declines resulted from problems that their chief executives should have been able to spot a mile away — and that no one believes have been vanquished (征服,擊敗)for good.
Nimble
nibble
A new chief executive who bears no responsibility for a firm’s previous losses is likely to be more nimble (敏捷,迅速)in confronting the mistakes of the past, unencumbered as he or she would be from the human tendency to hide or play down one’s failures.
salutary
Benefitial
有益的

salutary advice/excercise
infantile
幼稚的 childish

infantile thinking
Predicate
Deprecate
基於

The company's plans to increase production were predicated on the growing demand for computer products.
risible
'riserble
可笑的 entertaining, humorous
Preen
prune
(鳥)梳整羽毛,(人)自滿
We need a reality check, we need to wake up, stop preening and get down to work.
Titbit
珍聞,有趣的消息
Boil over
沸騰

Ethnic tensions threaten to boil over in Thailand, Malaysia, and Indonesia
Penchant
Trenchant = caustic
喜好,傾向 inclination, bent
Ms. Hughes, a former television reporter and media adviser with a penchant for fast-talking
Disenchanted
不存幻想 Disillusion
But even within the State Department, some career Foreign Service officials have become disenchanted with the task of trying to sell America’s image abroad.
Braise
Stew
燉熟

he braised short ribs on the “Today” show set earlier this month
Nauseating
'nosieit
cause nausea 作嘔,噁心

nauseating food, sight
Missive
correspondence 書信
Emblematic
National Emblem=國徽,symbolic
There is thus an emblematic force to Obama’s candidacy
Introspective
Obama offered a vivid and strikingly introspective 内省的 account of his knockabout 遊蕩的 childhood in Hawaii and Indonesia
Husband
節約地使用, conserve

He seems to have a gift for husbanding his energy
Propound
Compare expound 解釋

Bush’s post-9/11 recognition that our own security depends on the well-being of people on the other side of the globe led him to propound 提議the so-called Freedom Agenda
Nimble
Unencumbered
A new chief executive who bears no responsibility for a firm’s previous losses is likely to be more nimble (敏捷,迅速)in confronting the mistakes of the past, unencumbered 不受妨礙的 from the human tendency to hide or play down one’s failures.
Magnanimous
Tolerant, benevolant
It was an infuriating show of ingratitude, as the French saw it, coming from a fledgling nation they had magnanimously (寬宏的,大量的)saved from foreign occupation in a previous war.
Flounder
掙扎 We floundered through deep snow to get to the store.
Beaut
Beau
美好的東西
That new sports car is a beaut.
Tout
兜售 hawk brazenly

The New York senator had touted her own know-how, saying that “there is one job we can’t afford on-the-job training for — that’s the job of our next president.”
Trenchant
Penchant
(言辭等)銳利的 caustic
he finally found the perfect pitch to make a trenchant point
Bent
Dent
Bend
Bent=penchant
make a dent=有影響
She was a top adviser who had a Nixonian bent for secrecy and a knack for hard-core politicking
Brazen 無恥的
'breizn
Blatant 露骨的
shameless,無恥的 She brazenly borrowed Republican talking points
Nibble
Nimble
咬一口的量;少量a rapidly growing problem that does not lend itself to temporary fixes or small nibbles
Serenity
Surreal = 不真實的,超現實的
平靜 nothing could disturb his serenity

She was always calm and serene(sober)