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31 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Flexion
decreases the angle of the joint
Extension
increases the angle as the body part moves from a flexed to a straightened position
Hyperextension
Extending the joint beyond the straight or nutral position
Abnormal hyperextension
an unnatural movement for joints such as the elbow or knee resulting in injury or trauma
flexion of the spine
bending forward
extension of the spine
returning to the straight or neutral position
Hyperextension of the spine
backward bending beyond the neutral position
hyperextended wrist movement
(dorsiflexion)
where the carpal canal or carpal tunnel view of the carpals is visualized
Acute flexion of the wrist
special tangential projection for a carpal bridge view of the posterior aspect of the wrist
Deviation
"to turn aside" or "to turn away from the standard or course"
Ulnar deviation
to turn or bend the hand and wrist from the natural position toward the ulnar side
radial deviation
to turn or bend the hand and wrist from the natural position the radial
Dorsiflexion of foot
to decrease the angle(flex) between the dorsum(top of foot) and the lower leg, moving foot and toes upward
Plantar flexion of the foot
extending the ankle joint
moving foot and toes downward
Eversion
outward stress movement

of the foot at the ankle joint
Inversion
inward stress movement of the foot
Valgus
bending of the part outward or away from the midline of the body
Varus
"knock-kneed"
bending of a part inward or toward the midline of the body
Medial(internal)rotation
moving the anterior aspect of the part toward the inside, or median, plane.
Lateral(external)rotation
rotation of an anterior body part tword the outside, or away from the median plane.
Abduction
lateral movement of the arm or leg away from the body
(abdution of the fingers)
to spread them apart
Adduction
movement of arm or leg tword the body
(adduction of fingers)
to move them together
Supination
rotational movement of the hand into the anatomic position(palm up in supine position of forward)
Pronation
rotation of the hand into the opposite of the anatomic position
Protraction
movement forward from a normal position
Retraction
movement backward or the condition of being drawn back
Elevation
lifting,raising, or moving of a part superiorly
Depression
letting down,lowering, or moving of a part inferiorly
Circumduction
to move around in the form of a circle
Rotation
to turn or rotate a body part on its axis
Tilt
slanting or tilting movement with respect to the long axis