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37 Cards in this Set

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The Ixodes Dammini (deer tick) causes?
Lyme disease
Name 3 deseases where the rash affect the palms and soles
Coxackie
Rickettsia
Measles
maculopapular rash that goes from the head to toe
Measles
Rash that begins at the hairline and spreads down
German Measles (Rubella)
Slapped cheek appearance; caused by parvo virus
Fifth disease (Erythema infectiousum)
Rash with simultaneous multiple stages; spares the palms and soles
Chicken pox
Describe Roseola
Caused by herpes 6
Fever first then rash
Spares the face
Tender, red nodules that are usually seen on both shins; inflammation of fat cells
Erythema nodosum
What are the 5 criteria of Kawasaki's?
Conjunctivitis
Rash
Lymphadenopathy
Strawberry tongue, exudates
Extremity erythema or edema
What is the treatment of Kawasaki's disease?
Intravenous gamma globulin
Aspirin
A condition that presents with a Herald patch; X-mas tree rash; How do you treat?
Pityriasis Rosea

Treat with Benadryl
"Current Jelly stools", Ab pain, vomiting
Intususseption

Tx: Barium enema
How do you Dx Meckel's diverticulum?
Nuclear scintigraphy
MCC of miningitis?
0-3 months: GABHS, E.coli
>3 months: S.pneumo, N.meningitidis, H.flu
How do you treat meningitis?
Ceftriaxone if > 1 month
Amp/Cefotaxime < 1 month
MCC of pneumonia in kids
Viral: RSV
Olive mass on epigastric region suggests?
Pyloric stenosis
"Double bubble" sign
Volvulus (malrotation)
A tear drop pupil suggests?
Globe rupture
How do you treat a sinus fracture?
should give amoxicilllin or bactrim
Describe the Neck Zones
I- Clavicle to the cricoid
II- Cricoid to bottom lip
III- Bottom lip to mastoid of below the nose
how does an aortic arch rupture show on X-ray?
Wide mediastinum
What is commotio Cordis?
R on T phenomena from getting hit on the chest
What is the most serious complication of Kawasaki's disease?
Coronary vasculitis with resultant coronary aneurysms
Mainstay of therapy of CHF
Digitalis
Also afterload and preload reducers: nitroprusside, nitroglycerin
What is the treatment for Bullous impetigo?
Cephalexin (Keflex) or dicloxacillin
MC skin infection in children, cause, and treatment?
Impetigo Contagiousum

Caused by:
GABHS- S.pyogenes
S.aureus

Treatment:
Cephalexin, erythromycin, clinda, Augmentin, dicloxacillin, topical mupirocin
What causes Erysipelas?
GABHS- S.pyogenes
What is the treatment for Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever?
Tetracycline (children >8 y/o only)
Chloramphenicol
Name the first 6 diseases
1st: Measles
2nd: Scarlet fever
3rd: Rubella
4th: Dukes' disease
5th: Erythema infectiousum
6th: Roseola
Red eyes, red tongue, dry cracked lips suggests?
Kawasaki's
What are the S/Sx of HUS
hemolytic anemia
thrombocytopenia
acute renal failure
A Rash that generally looks bad but the pt feels well may suggests?
Henoch-Schönlein Purpura
What is Henoch-Schönlein Purpura
Small vessel vasculitis characterized by purpura, arthritis, abd pain, hematuria
What is the treatment of meningitis?
Rapid admin (c in 30 min) of broad spectrum Abx
<1mo- amp/cefotaxime or amp/gent
>1mo- vanco & either cefotaxime or ceftriaxone
How do you treat peri-orbital cellulitis?
PO Abx against Staphylococcus & Strept
MCC of intestinal obstruction
Infants: pyloric stenosis
3 mo-6 yr: Intasusseption