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14 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
acute change in mental status
high anion gap
metabolic acidosis
osmolar gap
calcium oxalate crystals in the urine
ethylene glycol poisoning
A bite that became erythematous after 45 minutes, then bite evolved into a target lesion.

What bit him?
black widow spider
A bite from this spider typically reveals a central blue color of impending necrosis with a surrounding white area of vasospasm
brown recluse spiders
What is the treatment of a rattlesnake bite?
neutralization of the venom with antivenin
treatment of opiate withdrawal
Methadone
T/F: Chronic use of hallucinogenic amphetamines can lead to vasculitis
TRUE
What is an antidote for organophosphates poisoning?
atropine sulfate
What is the clinical presentation of acetylcholinesterase inhibitor toxicity
SLUDGE:

Salivation
Lacrimation
Urination
Diarrhea
Gastrointestinal
Emesis
Anticholinergic effects
Flushing- Red as a beet
Dry skin- Dry as a bone
Mydriasis-Blind as a bat
ALOC- Mad as a hatter
Fever- Hot as a pistol
How do you treat arsenic, mercury, and gold poisoning?
BAL- British antilewisite
How do you treat nitrite poisoning?
methylene blue
What metabolic imbalance does aspirin toxicity cause?
metabolic acidosis with respiratory alkalosis
What are the characteristics of heat stroke?
temp > 40°C (104°F)
ALOC
Anhidrosis
What type of voltage causes v-fib?
Low-voltage alternating current