Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/49

Click to flip

49 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What is to rein a horse?
to guide the horse, but also controls its every movement
What is the best reined horse?
a willingly guided or controlled horse with little or no apparent resistance and dictated to completely.
What is a movement on the horses own considered in reining?
a lack of control
What should credit be given for?
smoothness, finesse, attitude, quickness and authority
What is the scoring of a rein run based on?
0-infinity, with 708 denoting an average performance
How many maneuvers are in reining per run?
7 to 8 manuevers
What does -1 1/2-0 stand for in the maneuver scores?
-1 1/2-extremely poor performance, completely incorrect maneuver, -1-very poor performance and somewhat incorrect, -1/2-poor performance, no degree of difficulty, 0-correct with no degree of difficulty
What does 1/2-11/2 stand for in maneuver scores for reining?
1/2-correct with some degree of difficulty, 1-very good correct, 1 1/2-excellent, not necessarily perfect
HOw should the judge consider a horse's performance based on heirarchy of which concerns during reining?
on pattern, correctness, degree of difficutly
What is on pattern?
the horse must do the correct maneuver dictated by the pattern
What is correctness?
determine whether the maneuver is being executed correctly
What is degree of difficulty?
having ascertained that the horse and rider perormed the maneuver correctly and on pattern then they must evaluate the degree of difficutly
What is used to evaluate the degree of difficulty?
smoothness, finesse, quickness, authority, and controlled speed
What faults can the judge incur while doing the maneuver scores?
opening mouth excessively, over bridled or intimidated, nosing out, lack of smooth, straight stops, bouncing or sideways stops, anticipating signals, stumbling, backing sideways, losing a stirrup, unnecessary aid, failure to run circles within markesr
What are the required maneuvers for every reining pattern?
walk in, stops, spins, rollbacks, circles, backups, hesitate, lead changes, run downs and run-arounds
What is the walk-in during reining?
to bring the horse into the center of the arena with a relaxed and confident appearance.
What are stops in reining?
the act of showing the horse from a lope to a stop position by bringing the hind legs under the horse in a locked position sliding on the hind feet.
What are spins?
series of 360 degree turns executed over a stationary hind leg..
What is the ideal spin?
correct, fast, low to ground, with a level topline, and drape in the reins, front feet should cross over with ease and agility
What are rollbacks?
180 degree reversal of forward motion completed by running to a stop, rolling the shoulders back to the opposite direction over the hocks and departing in a canter.
What are circle?
maneuvers at the lope of designated size and speed which demonstrate control, wllingness to guide and degree of difficulty in spped and speed variation.
What is to hesitate?
the act of demonstrating the horse's ability to stand in a relaxed manner at a designated time in a pattern
What are run downs and run arounds of reining?
run downs are through the middle of the arena and run arounds are ru around the end of the arena and then down the fence keeping 20 ft. from the fence
What is western riding?
performance of sensible, well-mannered free and easy moving horse.
What are we looking for in the circles of reining?
round, symmetrical, smooth, difference in size, and speed, use arena
What are we looking for in spins of reining?
low, quick, agile, stationary hind pivot area
What are we observing in the sliding stop of reining?
hind legs tucked deep, agile front walking, long
What are we looking for in the rollbacks and backups of reining?
agile, precise and quick
What is the horse judged on in Western riding?
quality of gaits, lead changes at lope, response to rider and manners and disposition
When should credit be given in Western riding?
even cadence of gaits, ability to change leads precisely, easy to guide with control of rein and leg, relaxed head carriage and moderate flexion, smoothness over log
When will we see changes in lead during western riding and how many?
crossing changes, or line changes, jog and lope over ground pole/log, and stop and back
What faults should be considered in Western riding?
opening mouth excessively, overbridled, anticipating signals, stumbling
What are the mechanics of the Western riding class?
jog and lop over log, transition to lope, 7-8 flying lead changes, stop and back
What is the scoring basis? in western riding?
0-100 with 70 denoting an average score
What are reasons for diqualition in western riding?
off course, willing abuse, knocking over markers, stop and back more than 2 strides (on 5th step),major disobedience, completely missing the log
What are the 5 point penalties for western riding?
failure to beon the correct lead before the next designated change, blatant disobedience
What are the three point penalties for western riding?
break of gait at the lope. additional lead changes, simple chang of leads, break of gait at the walk or job for >2 strides, failure to lope within 30 ft. of log, not performing specific gait within 10 ft. of designated area, out of lead prior to mark or after marker
What are the 1 point penalties for western riding?
break of gait at walk or job for up to two strides, hitting or rolling log, out of lead more than 1 stride after center point of markers, splitting the log
What are the half point penalties for western riding?
ticking the log, non-simulatenous lead change, hitting legs during lead change
In a trail class what is being judged?
manners, response to rider, and quality of movement
When should credit be given to the trail class?
degree of speed, attentativeness to obstacles, style, ability to pick on way through obstacles, willigness towards riders cues
When should no credit be given to the trail class?
unecessary delay over obstacles, artificial appearance over obstacles
What are the mechanics of the trail class?
6 obstacles should be set, 3 mandatory, 3 optional, and all three gaits should be performed, walk, job and lope
What is the score basis for the trail class?
0-infinity
What is a 1/2 penalty in the trail class?
tick, touch of log
What are the 1 point penalties for the trail class?
splitting the log, skipping or falling to step in required space, both front or hind feet in single strided slot or space, break of gait or walk for two strides or less, hit of pole
What are the 3 point penalties for the trail class?
break of gait at the walk or jog for >two strides, out of lead or break of gait at lope, knocking down pole, stepping out of confines, falling out of or jumping off
What are the 5 point penalties for the trail class?
severe-stepping out of confines, falling out or jumping off obstacles,etc., dropping object required to be carried, first refusal by backing two strides away, letting go of gate or dropping rope of gate
What are the 5 point + penalties for the trail class?
blatant disobedience, failure to ever demonstrate correct lead or gait, failure to complete obstacle, second refusall