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117 Cards in this Set

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Mature Male over age of 4
Stallion
Mature Female over age of 3
Mare
Newborn usually up to about 3-4 months of age
Foal
Male horse up to age of 3
Colt
Female horse up to the age of 3
Filly
Foal that is no longer nursing
Weanling
Horse between 1-2 years of age
Yearling
Castrated Male
Gelding
Light Horse
Confirmation
Suited for riding
Pleasure
hunter
stock
sport
show
racing
Basic Type and uses
Light horse weight
800-1000 pounds
Heavy Horse
Draft Breeds
Used for harness and heavy pulling (some pony breeds)
Basic type & Uses
Hot Blood
Desert origin
Light horses
Active
Increased metabolism
From, Heavy/Light and info about them
Heavy horse
Weight
2000 pounds
Cold blood
North European origin
Heavy Horses
From, Heavy/Light
Warm Blood
Cross between hot and cold bloods
Endurance
Speed & size
Strength
Pony
Smaller type of horse
Longer body
Shorter Legs
Pony
Size
14.2 hands
Miniature
same proportion of a full size horse
Miniature
Size
34" and under
Donkey
Ass:
Have 62 chromosomes
Gray
Long ears
"Bray" - not whinny
Burro
Spanish for Donkey
Mule
Mare and male donkey (Jack)
Sterile
63 chromosomes
Hinny
cross between Stallion and Jenny
63 chromosomes
Sterile
Jack
Male Donkey
Jenny
Female Donkey
Prwelski's Horse
One of the oldest horses left
PROTECTED
Farrier
Person who works on horses feet (Trims & puts on shoes)
Used to be referred to as Blacksmith
Hand
Unit of Measurement
One hand is 4"
Measured from withers to ground
Near Side
Left side
(Side we saddle from, mount on & work off of)
Far Side
Right Side
(Approaching from this side may upset the horse)
Grade
A non registered horse
Founder
Condition of the hoof
Coffin bone rotates down & through the laminae
results in severe pain and inflammation of the hoof.
Serious, Life threatening condition
Unsoundness
Any defect that prevents an animal from achieving its intended use
Vice
Objectionable or bad habit
Often detrimental to the animal or destructive to its enviroment.
Higher incident in animals kept in confinement
Shying
Unexpected movement of an animal away from a source of pain or fear
Head shy
Sensitive to movements around the head.
Often try to avoid contact in the head area
Out of
Mothered by;
referring to the female parent of an animal
Get
The offspring of a male animal
Girth
Circumference of the chest just behind the withers and in front of the back
Hard Keeper
Animal requires more feed to maintain its body weight than animals kept under similar conditions
Borborgmi
Gut sounds
important to monitor
Presence implies normal gastric motility and finction
How often do you want to hear gut sounds?
1-2 times per minute
Normal Temp?
99-101.2
Normal Pulse?
28-44 bpm
Normal Respiration?
6-12 rpm
Dun
Color
Yellow hair on black skin
Gray/black mane and Tail
Dun
Flea Bitten
Color
Gray coat developing small dark specks with age
Flea Bitten
Gray coat developing small dark specks with age
Flea Bitten
Chestnut/Sorrel
Color
Reddish gold shades
Mane and Tail varies shades of chestnut
Chestnut/Sorrel
Black skin with white hairs
Coat lightens with age
Gray
Gold coat with white mane and tail
Palomino
Red brown to dark brown
Gold with black mane, tail, and legs
Bay
Mixture of black and brown
black legs, mane and tail
Brown
Smokey colored body
Dark dorsal stripe
dark zebra stripes on legs
Grullo (Male)
Grulla (Female)
Black or black-brown body with white hairs giving a bluish tinge
Blue Roan
Bay or bay-brown body with white hairs giving a red tinge
Red Roan
(Strawberry Roan)
AKA name also
Red Roan AKA
Strawberry Roan
Rings of dark hair on a gray coat
decreases with age
Dapple Gray
Large irregular patches of white and any other color but black
Skewbald
Large irregular patches of black and white
Piebald
Solid color coat with irregular splashes of white
Ovaro
Specific to Paint of Pinto Breeds
White base coat with irregular patches of solid color
Tobiano
White with dark spots all over
Leopard Spotting
White over hips with or with out dark spots
Blanket
White speckling on dark ground
Frost
Dominant spotting over hips
Snowflake
Red or blue roan with dark coloring on edges of body
Marble
Face Markings:
White spot between eyes on forehead
Star
Face Markings:
White narrow stripe down face
Stripe
Face Markings:
White mini-stripe between nostrils
Snip
Face Markings:
Wide stripe
Blaze
Face Markings:
AKA White face
Mostly white face
Bald Face
Face Markings:
White around lips and nostrils
White muzzle
Leg Markings:
White stops around middle of cannon bone from coronet
Sock
(Half stocking)
Leg Markings:
White continues past fetlock from coronet
(usually to knee)
Stocking
(Full stocking)
Leg Markings:
Lateral stripes on legs
Zebra
Fjord
Other Markings:
Eel stripe
Stripe extends from withers to tail
Dorsal Stripe
Other Markings:
Permanent marking made for identification
Brand Markings:
Heat iron
Freeze Brand
Tatoo
Other Markings:
White hairs caused by saddle or girth sores
Acquired Markings
Hoof Color:
Dense texture
Hard wearing
Blue/Black/Gray Color
Blue
Hoof Color:
Softer
White
Hoof Color:
Seen in spotted horses
Striped
IE: Appaloosa, POA, Etc
Star
Face Marking
Stripe
Face Marking
Snip
Face Marking
Blaze
Face Marking
Bald Face
Face Marking
Sock
(Half Stocking)
Leg Marking:
Coronet
Leg Marking:
Pastern
Leg Marking:
Stocking
Leg Marking:
Natural response to fright
"Flight instinct"
Flee from the object
Blind spots
Directly behind
Directly in front of themselves
Two ways to tie a horse
Single lead
Cross-tying
Why do you remove the halter prior to turning out the horse?
Prevent from getting entangled
How far away from the horse's head should you hold the lead line?
8-10 inches
4 types of halters
Shipping Halter
Rope halter
Nylon Halter
Leather Halter
Purpose of a Shipping Halter
Used to deliver horses to their new owners
Strengths/weaknesses:
Shipping Halter
Strength:
inexpensive
Adequate for temporary use

Weakness:
Can not be adjusted
Lacks Strength
Can not be a permanent halter
Impossible to clean
Strengths/weaknesses:
Rope Halter
Strength:
Strong
Relatively inexpensive
Adjustable
Variety of sizes

Weaknesses:
Cotton ones shrink
Must frequently readjust
Strengths/weaknesses:
Nylon Halters
Strengths:
Easily cleaned
Not usually affected by dampness
no rotting or mildew
variety of colors

Weaknesses:
Stretch not shrink
Strengths/weaknesses:
Leather Halters
Strength:
good for young growing horses
Fits a variety of head lengths
Easily repaired

Weaknesses:
More expensive
Must be cleaned regularly
Mold & Mildew
Why do we use a Tail Tie?
Rectal palpation
Vaginal Examination
2 reasons
Pasture
Large turn out area for grazing & self exercise
Paddock
Smaller turn out area for exercise
AKA: Corral
Box Stall
Indoor containment unit
Not less than 10 X 10
Stock
Close, confined (padded) area
Sturdy
Allows access to most areas of the horse
Two types of twitches
Pole with chain or rope loop on end
Metal clamp
Gray
Color:
Palomino
Color:
Bay
Color:
Buckskin
Color:
Grullo (Male)
Grulla (Female)
Color:
Blue Roan
Color: