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25 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Difference between
Brief and long-term psychodyanamic therapy
Brief= discourages a full-scale transference neurosis; but positive transference is seen as a plus
Primary Characteristic of Cultural Encapsulation
Acceptance (usually unconscious) of traditional cultural stereotypes (e.g., all people from X group are Y)
Culturally sensitive mental health services
1)incorporate elements of the target culture into therapy,
2)increasing the accessibility of mental health services for the target culture,
3)select standard treatments that best fit that culture
Rutter's focus re: develomental psychopathology
Primarily variations in social relationships that act as high risk or protective factors
Rater Biases
Central Tendency
Halo effect
Differential Validity
Can be a cause of adverse impact
When a measure is valid for one group and not another
another cause of adverse impact
Multiple REgression
-is compensatory and would be appropriate if a high score on one measure could compensate for a low score on another measure.
-is not appropriate when the characteristics measured by the different predictors are noncompensatory
These have been linked to depression
Internal, Stable, and global attributions
Berry's Acculturation Model
--distinguishes bn two demensions (a)retention of the minority culture and (b)maintenance of the majority culture
--these two dimensions are independent (you can be hi/hi, lo/lo, or hi/lo)
Marginalization (Berry)
situation in which a member of a minority group does not identify strongly w/either culture
Kappa Coefficient
used to evaluate inter-rater reliability
Reading Errors of Deep Dyslexics
include semantic paralexia (producing a response that is similar in meaning to the target word). Ex=hand for foot
Fundamental Attribution Error
The tendency of people to overestimate the contribution of dispositional factors to an actor's behavior
occurs when a CS is presented simultaneously with a second stimulus just b4 the US. The second stimulus does not produce a conditioned response.
is usually preceded by atherosclerosis or hardening of the artieries.
types of: ideomotor, constructional, and dressing

defn. of: inability to perform complex, purposeful movements, which cannot be explained by pxs related to comprehension, coordination, or strength
is most effective for simple tasks that must be remembered for a long period of time
Feature Integration Theory
an object's features are integrated, and focused viual attention is required for perception of an object to occur
Grand mal seizures
don't always occur as the result of withdrawal from chronic, heavy alcohol use; but they can occur and are not associated with withdrawal from cocaine
What accounts for development of the cortex after birth?
an increased number of dendrites and myelination of the existing neurons
When do physical differences bn boys and girls become prominent
Most do not become prominent until puberty. Prior to that, they are about equal in speed and strength
Referential Style
children w/this style use content words and object names to describe their world. They also appear more likely to show a spurt in lexical acquisition in the latter part of the second year bc many words acquired during accelerated periods of vocab growth are object names
Vroom and Yetton's leadership model
includes a decision-tree for the leader
According to expectancy theory, this is related to 1)beliefs about the relationship between effort and performance, (2) beliefs about the r'ship bn performance and outcomes, & (3) the desirability of those outcomes (or valence).