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36 Cards in this Set

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Kluver Bucy Syndrome
amygdala lesion: decreased fear and aggression, increase docility psychic blindness, hypersexuality
psychic blindness
unable to recognize the significance of objects
Broca's aphasia
expressive aphasia, premotor cortex (usually left frontal lobe)
Wernicke's aphasia
receptive aphasia, temporal lobe
Conduction aphasia
damage to arcuate fasciculus, person speaks fluently, comprehends speech but can't repeat what is said
Gertsmann's syndrome
damage to dominant (left) parietal lobe: agraphis, acaculia, left right disorientation and finger agnosia.
asomatognosia
inability to recognize body parts
anosognosia
inability to recognize one's own impairments
James-Lange Theory of Emotion
1. environmental stimula
2. autonomic arousal
3. interpretation as emotion
Cannon-Bard theory of emotion
environmental stimuli simultaneously stimulate the thalamus and the cortex.
Schacter and Singer congitive arousal theory of emotion
emotion is cognitive attribution of arousal based on environmental cues.
primary hunger center
lateral hypothalamus
primary satiation center
ventromedial hypothalamus
Nightmare disorder vs sleep terror disorder
Nightmare occurs in REM, sleep terror in stage 4,
Korsakoff's syndrome
thiamine (b1)deficiency due to alcoholism, retro and anterograde amnesia, confabulation, and apathy
dysarthria
often mistaken for aphasia: problems in articulation, common in Parkinson's, Huntington's chorea, and MS
apraxia
inability to learn or perform complex pursposeful movements despite normal muscle strength and coordination.
ideomotor apraxia
can't perform a particular movement on demand but can do it spontaneously.
constructional apraxia
can't draw or copy simple figures or arrange blocks in a pattern.
agnosia
inability to recognize familiar objects in the absence of disturbance of primary sensory systems.
middle cerebral artery stroke
contralateral hemiplegia, sensory loss in face or arm, dementia, contralateral visual field loss
anterior cerebral artery stroke
hemiplegia and sensory loss in the contralateral side (lower limbs), dementia, affective disturbance.
posterier cerebral artery stroke
cortical blindness and other visual deficits, anterograde amnesia, and agitated delirium.
tricyclic antidepressants
better for vegetative symptoms of depression: appetite/sleep disturbance, anhedionia, psychomotor retardation
ssri
quicker onset, fewer and less severe side effects,
methylphenidate
ritalin, concerta, adderall (ADHD)
atomoxetine
strattera (ADHD); Ne reuptake inhibitor
disulfiram
antabuse;
naltrexone
opioid atanagonist
clorpromazine(thorazine)
thioridazine (mallaril)
haloperidol
risperidone(risperdal)
clozapine(clozaril)
antipsychotics; block da receptors
phenelzine
nardil; maoi; atypical depression
isocaraboxazid
marplan; maoi
tranylcypromine
parnate; maoi
imipramine
tofranil; tricyclic; depression, panic, enuresis, eating disorder, chronic pain.
clomipramine
anafranil; tricyclic; depression, panic, eating disorder, pain, OCD
amitriptyline
elavil; endep; tricyclic