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13 Cards in this Set

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What are central traits and whose name is associated with this concept?
Asch...certain traits influence impressions more than others (CENTRAL traits, "warm", "cold"); provide unique information, associated with large number of other characteristics.
Schemata
Organized, interconnected mental networks of info based on personal/social experience used to judge/ interpret current circumstances.
Illusory correlation
Belief that two events, characteristics, other variables are related when actually not. Result of schema that links the variables.
What role does social context play in impression formation?
Rosenham found that confederates who complained of A/H and were admitted were likely to continue to be viewed as psychotic by staff, even though they no longer reported symptoms
What dimensions are used to describe attribution?
1. Dispositional vs situational
2. Stable vs unstable
3. Specific vs global
Fundamental attribution bias (error)
When evaluating others: overestimation of role of disposition/underestmation of role of situation.
Actor-observer effect
Tendency to make different attributions about our own behavior than about others'
Self-serving bias
Tendency to blame situations for our failures and to credit ourselved with our successes (like external/ internal locus of control)
What attributions are associated with learned helplessness?
Failures are internal (dispositional), stable, and global
Affiliation
Innate motive contributing to initiation and maintenance of interpersonal relationships
How do genders differ in terms of affiliation?
Females: more conversation, more likely to talk to other females in public, more need for verbal communication and self-disclosure
Males: Less of the above and more reliance on shared activities
What role does anxiety play in affiliation?
In stressful situation, high anxiety persons prefer to be with others and most want others to also be high anxiety. Would rather be alone than with low anxiety persons.
Misery loves miserable company
In stressful sitns, social comparison is more important than relief of discomfort