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23 Cards in this Set

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def: zone of proximal development
Vygotsky

diff between what a child can currently achieve alone and what she can accomplish with help from parent/teacher
Vygotsky
Theory of cognitive development.

Zone of proximal developement
Scaffolding
Bronfenbrenner
Ecological theory of cognitive development.

Interatcation of indiv and context at 4 levels
Theories of language development (2)
Nativist
Interactionist
Elkind
extension of Piaget's theory

Adolescent egocentrism:
1. Personal fable
2. Imaginary audience
Ex: holophrastic speech
Use single word to express whole phrase or sentence

(age 1-2 yrs)use
Ex: telegraphic speech
2+ words to make sentence

(age 18-24 months)
Thomas & Chess - temperament categories in babies (3)
Easy
Difficult
Slow-to-warm-up
Thomas & Chess - name of parent guidance intervention
Goodness-of-fit model

i.e. better behavioural & adjustment outcomes if parenting style matches child's temperament
"Seasons of a Man's Life"
Levinson

early adult transition (17-22 yrs)
Age 30 transition (28-33 yrs)
Mid-life transition (40-45 yrs)
Baumrind's parenting styles (4)
authoritarian
authoritative
permissive
rejecting-neglecting
Erikson's identity statuses (4)
identity diffusion
identity foreclosure
identity moratorium
identity achievement
Kubler Ross' 5 stages of loss
denial & isolation
anger
bargaining
depression
acceptance
Harlow's attachment research
rhesus monkeys
contact comfort
Ethological theory of attachment
imprinting
2-3 days after birth
Lorenz
Signs of attachment (3)
social referencing (visual cliff)
separation anxiety
stranger anxiety
Patterns of attachment (4)
secure
insecure / ambivalent
insecure / avoidant
disorganized
Types of social play (3)
parallel play
simple social (associative) play
cooperative play (2 yrs)
Piaget's stages of moral development (3)
premoral (0-6 yrs)
heteronomous morality (7-10 yrs)
qutonomous morality (11+ yrs)
Kohlberg's levels of moral development (3)
preconventional morality:
1. punishment/obedience (avoid punishment)
2. instrumental hedonism (want reward)

conventional morality
1. good boy/girl (approval)
2. law and order (rules)

postconventional morality
1. individual rights
2. individual principles
def: Heuristics
rules of thumb
def: primacy effect
most influenced by info presented first
def: negativity bias
negative traits weighted more heavily than positive traits