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63 Cards in this Set

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Physiological Psychology & Psychopharmacology
Glossary
Amygdala
Th Amygdala is th substrctur of th limbic systm nd is nvolvd n th cntrl of emtnl actvtes, ncludng th medatn of dfnsv-aggrsv bhvrs nd attchmnt of emtns 2 memories
Physiological Psychology & Psychopharmacology
Glossary
Anosognosia
Anosognosia is most oftn causd by bran trama tht affcts th rt parietal lobe nd nvolvs a lack of awrnss of 1's sx on th lft side of th bdy.
Physiological Psychology & Psychopharmacology
Glossary
Anticholonergic Side Effects
Causd by svrl drgs ncludng th antipsychotics nd tricyclic antidprssnts. Thy nclud dry mouth, blurred visn, tachyardia (rapid heart rate), urinary retntn, cnstptn, memry mpairmnt, nd cnfusn.
Physiological Psychology & Psychopharmacology
Glossary
Aphasia
Rfrs 2 mpairmnts n th prdctn nd/or cmprhnsn of lnguag. Broca's aphasia prducd by damg 2 Broca's area. Involvs dffclty n prducng wrttn or spkn lnguag w/lttl or no trbl n undrstndng lnguag. Wernicke's aphasia causd by damg 2 Wernicke's area. Chrctrzd by an nablty 2 cmprhnd wrttn or spkn lnguag alng w/th prdctn of rapid seemngly effrtlss speech tht is lackng n cntnt nd may nclud anomia nd paraphasia. Cndctn aphasia prducd by damg 2 th arcuate fasciculus. Duz nt sgnfcntly affct lnguag cmprhnsn bt duz rslt n anomia nd th nablty 2 rpeat wrds or smpl phrases.
Physiological Psychology & Psychopharmacology
Glossary
Apraxia
Th nablty 2 prfrm vluntry mvmnts, esp thos nvolvng a squnc of mvmnts. Oftn th rslt of parietal lobe damg.
Physiological Psychology & Psychopharmacology
Glossary
Ataxia
Rfrs 2 a lak of coordntn whl prfrmng vluntry mvmnts. Oftn nvolvs clumsnss nd th loss of balnc. Usuly du 2 damg 2 th cereblum (e.g., th rslt of etoh cnsmptn).
Physiological Psychology & Psychopharmacology
Glossary
Atypical Antipsychotics
Th atypical (newer) antipsychotics drgs (e.g., clozapine) affct rcptrs 4 svrl neurotsmttrs ncludng dopamn, serotonin, nd glutamate. Thes drgs r effctv 4 bth pstv nd ngtv sx of Schzphrna nd r less lkly 2 prduc Tardive Dyskinesia thn th trdtnl antipsychotics.
Physiological Psychology & Psychopharmacology
Glossary
Autonomic Nervous System (ANS)
Th ANS is a dvsn of th perpheral nrvs systm nd is nvolvd n th cntrl of vscrl fnctns (e.g., hrt rat, blod prssur, rspirtn, digstn, nd swetng). Cnsists of th sympthtc nd parasympthtc brnchs: Sympthtc brnch nvolvd n th mediatn of flght ot fite (emrgncy) reactns. Actvtn of the sympthtc brnch prducs ncresed hrt rat, pupil dilatn, ncresd blod sugr, nd nhbtn of th dgstn prcsses. Th Parasympthtc brnch nvolvd n cnsrvtn of nrgy nd rlxtn; actvtn assctd w/slowng of hrt rat, lwrd blod prssur, cntrctn of pupils, rductn of swet glnd outpt, nd ncresd actvty of dgstn systm.
Physiological Psychology & Psychopharmacology
Glossary
Basal Ganglia
basil ganglia r sbcrtcl strcturs (caudate nucleus, putamen, globus pallidus, nd sbstntia nigra) tht r nvolvd n planng, orgnzng, nd coordntng vluntry mvmnts. Damg 2 basil ganglia assctd w/Huntington's dises and Parkinson's dises.
Physiological Psychology & Psychopharmacology
Glossary
Beta Blockers
Beta Blockers (e.g., propanolol) bloc or dmnsh th cardiovscular excitatory rspnse 2 hormones epinephrine nd norepinephrine. Thy r usd 2 tret cardiovascular d/o, glaucoma, nd mgran hdachs nd r usfl 4 rducng th physl sx of anxiety.
Physiological Psychology & Psychopharmacology
Glossary
Catecholamine Hypothesis
Accrdng 2 th caracholamine hypths, dprssn causd by lwr-th-nrml lvls of norepinephrine.
Physiological Psychology & Psychopharmacology
Glossary
Cerebellum
Th cerebellum is a lrg strctur on th dorsal aspect of th hindbrain. Nvolvd n th extrapyramidal cntrl of motr actvtes (e.g., coordntn, balnc, postur; damg cn rslt n ataxia.
Physiological Psychology & Psychopharmacology
Glossary
Cerebral Stroke
Rfrs 2 bran damg tht ocurs whn a blod clot or othr obstrctn or hemrrg dsrpts th flow of blod 2 th bran. Cmmn sx nclud cntrltrl vsul fld loss.
Physiological Psychology & Psychopharmacology
Glossary
Cerebral Ventricles
th ventrcls r th 4 cavites of th bran tht cntan cerebrospinal fluid. Blkg of th vntrcls nd a rsltng build-up of fluid cn caus hydrocephalus
Physiological Psychology & Psychopharmacology
Glossary
Closed-Head Injury
Nvolvs cerebral trama causd by blo 2 th hed. Oftn fllwd by a period of loss of cnscsnss (coma) fllwd by posttrmatic (anterograd) amnesia. May als nvolv retrograde amnesia nd othr sx, dpndng on th natur nd svrity of th njury.
Physiological Psychology & Psychopharmacology
Glossary
Contralateral Representation
4 most snsry nd motr fnctns, th cortx xhbts cntrlatrl rprsntatn, wch means tht th lft hemisphr cntrls th fnctnc of th rt sd of th bdy nd vic-vrs. Th rt nd lft hemsphrs r cnnctd by svrl bundls of fibrs, th lrgst of wch is th corpus collosum. If th coprus collosum is svrd, th 2 hemisphrs operat essntly as separate, ndpndnt brans.
Physiological Psychology & Psychopharmacology
Glossary
Dopamine Hypothesis
Accrdng 2 th dopamn hypths, schzophrna du 2 ovractvty or ovrsnstvty at dopamn rcptrs.
Physiological Psychology & Psychopharmacology
Glossary
Emotion (Areas of the Brain)
Areas of th bran tht hv bn mplctd n th rgultn of emtn nclud th amygdala (wch plys a rol n th prcptn nd xprssn of angr, fear, sadnss, happnss, nd othr emotns nd attchs emotns 2 memores); th hypothalamus (wch is nvolvd n th trnstn of emotns n2 physcl rspns); nd th cerebral crtx. W/rgrd 2 th cerbral crtx, th lft hemisphr gvrns happnss nd othr pstv emotns, whl th rt hemisphr mediats sadnss, fear, nd othr negatv emotns.
Physiological Psychology & Psychopharmacology
Glossary
Frontal Lobe
th Frntl lob cntans th prmry motr, premotr, nd prefrntl areas. Nvolvd n intiatv, plnning ablty, abstct thnkng, nd othr xecutv fnctns; prsnlty nd mood; nd motr fnctns. Damg 2 th prefrntl cortx produces prsnlty chngs nd dfcits n hghr-lvl ablties.
Physiological Psychology & Psychopharmacology
Glossary
Gate-Control Theory
Accrdng 2 gate-cnrl thry, ther r mechnsms n th spinl cord th mediat (bloc) th prcptn of pain.
Physiological Psychology & Psychopharmacology
Glossary
General Adaptation Syndrome
Accrdng 2 Selye, th humn rspns 2 strss is mediatd by adrenal-pituitary secretions (e.g., cortisol) nd nvolvs 3-stgs: alarm reactn, resistnc, nd xhautn. Th modl predcts tht prolngd strss cn rslt n illnss or deth.
Physiological Psychology & Psychopharmacology
Glossary
Hemispheric Specialization
Altho th lft nd rt hemisphrs r both nvolvd n sum dgre n most fnctns, thy tnd 2 spcilz. Th lft (dominant) hemisphr domnts n vrbl actvtes (spntneus spkng nd wrtng, wrd rcgntn, memry 4 wrds nd #s; anlytcl, lgcl thot; nd pstv emotnl states. Th rt (non-dmnt) hemisphr dmnts n vsul-sptl actvtes sch as facl rcgntn, sptl ntrprtn nd memry 4 shaps nd n ngtv emotns. Th spcliztn of th 2 hemisphrs ws initly studed n splt-bran pts, hus corpus cllosum hd bn svrd 2 cntrl svere epilpsy.
Physiological Psychology & Psychopharmacology
Glossary
Hippocampus
Th hppcmpus is a lmbc systm strctur tht is mprtnt 4 spatl ns xplct memry nd th cnslidatn of dclrtv memres.
Physiological Psychology & Psychopharmacology
Glossary
Huntington's Disease
An nhritd dgnrtv dses tht is trnsmttd by a sngl dmnt gene nd nvolvs emotnl, cgntv nd motr sx. Erly sx r oftn dprssn, apthy, anxty, antiscl tndnces, 4gtflnss, nd clmsinss. Ltr, athetosis nd chorea nd mre svere cgntv sx dvlop. Beleve 2 b du 2 loss of GABA-secrtng neurons nd glutamate xcitotxcity n th basl ganglia, esp n th caudate nucleus, putamen, nd globus pallidus.
Physiological Psychology & Psychopharmacology
Glossary
Hypertension
Ther r 2 typs of hyprtnsn. prmry (essntl) hyprtnsn is dx'd whn hi blod prssur is nt du 2 a knwn physlogcl caus, whl scndry hyprtnsn dx'd whn elvtd blod prssur is rltd 2 a knwn dises. Prmry hyprtnsn accnts 4 abt 85-90% of all cases of hi blod prssur; untx'd, it cn lead 2 crdiovsculr dises, nd it is a majr caus of hrt falur, kdny falur, nd strk.
Physiological Psychology & Psychopharmacology
Glossary
Hyperthyroidism & Hypothyroidism
Hyperthyroidism causd by hypersecretn of thyroxine by th thyroid gland nd is chrctrzd by a speded-up metabolism, elevtd bdy temp, acclrtd hrt rat, ncresd appetit w/weight loss, exophthalmos, nrvsnss, nd nsomnia. Hypothyroidism causd by hyposecretn of throxine nd nvolvs slowd metbolism, slowed hrt rat, lthrgy, lwrd bdy temp, mpaird cncntrtn nd memry, nd dprssn.
Physiological Psychology & Psychopharmacology
Glossary
Hypothalamus
Th hypthlmus cnsists of a clustr of nuclei, wch cntrl th autonmc nrvs systm nd endocrine glnds, mediates basic drives, nd regulate emotnl xprssn. Th superchiasmatic nucleus (SCN), wch is lctd n th hypthlms, is nvolvd n rgultn of th bdy's circadian rhythms
Physiological Psychology & Psychopharmacology
Glossary
Learning & Memory (Areas of the Brain)
Areas of the bran nvolvd n lrng nd memry nclud 1) th temporal lobes r essntl 4 th encodng, storng, nd rtrvl of lng-trm dclrtv memries. 2) th hppocmps is respbl 4 th cnsldatn of lng-trm dclrtv memres (trsnfrrng nfo frm shrt-trm 2 lng-trm memry). 3) th amygdala plys a key rol n fear cndtng, lrng abt rwrds nd punshmnt, nd addng emotnl sgnfcnc 2 memres. 4) th prefrntl cortx hs bn mplicatd n shrt-trm, episdc memry, nd prospctv memry. 5) th thalmus nvolvd n prcssng nfo nd trnsfrng it 2 th neocortx.
Physiological Psychology & Psychopharmacology
Glossary
Learning & Memory (Neural Mechanisms)
Spcfc nurl mchnsms tht r belevd 2 mediat lng-trm memry nclud 1) lng-trm potntiatn (a physiological prcss nvolvng th modfctn of nrv synpses, esp at glutamate rcptrs n th hppcpms); and 2) protein synthsis (nhbtn of th synthsis of protein or RNA at th tme of lrng prevnts th frmtn of long-trm memres).
Physiological Psychology & Psychopharmacology
Glossary
MAOIs
Th MAOIs r antidprssnts tht wrk by nhbtng th nzym monoamine oxidase, wch is nvolvd n deactvtng dopamn, norepinephrine, nd serotonin. Th most dngrus sid effct is hyprtnsv crsis, wch cn ocur whn a MAOI is tkn n cnjnctn w/barbituates, amphetamines, antihstamines, or crtn othr drgs, or w/foods cntaing th amno acid tyramine (e.g., agd chez, nd meats, beer, red wine, chkn lvrs, avacdos, bananas, fava beans).
Physiological Psychology & Psychopharmacology
Glossary
Methylphenidate (Ritlan)
A psychostmulnt drg usd 2 tx ADHD. Its side effct nclud dysphoria, dcresd apptit, nsomna, nd grwth supprssn.
Physiological Psychology & Psychopharmacology
Glossary
Migraine Headache
a recurrnt vsculr hdach chrctrzd by severe thrbbng pain, usuly on 1 side of th head. Trggrs nclud crtn foods, etoh, brt lits, nd rlxtn fllwng physcl or psychlgcl strss. A migran may b preceded by an aura (clssc migrain) or gastrntstnl or othr sx (cmmn migrain).
Physiological Psychology & Psychopharmacology
Glossary
Mood Stabilizing Drugs
Usd 2 allevat mania nd mood swngs n bipolar d/o nd nclud lithium nd anti-cnvulsnts (e.g., carbamazepine)
Physiological Psychology & Psychopharmacology
Glossary
Narcotic-Analgesics
Th drgs clssfd as narcotic-analgesics (opiods) hv bth sedatv nd analgesic prprtes. Medcly, th narcotic-analgesics r usd 4 th sam rsns thy wer usd cntures ago-i.e., as analgesics, ts 4 diareha, nd cough spprsnts. Chrnc use of narcotic-analgesics rslts n tlrnc nd psychlgcl nd physcl dpndnc.
Physiological Psychology & Psychopharmacology
Glossary
Neuroimaging Techniques
Neuromgng tchnqs mk it pssbl 2 stdy bth th strctur nd fnctn of th lvng bran. Computed tomography (CT) nd Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) r strcturl tchnqs. Positron-emission tomography (PET), single proton emission computed tomography (SPECT), nd funtional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) prvd nfo on th fnctnl actvtes of th brain.
Physiological Psychology & Psychopharmacology
Glossary
Neuroleptic Malignant Syndrome (NMS)
NMS is a rare, bt ptntly fatl side effct of th antipsychtic drgs. It nvolvs a rapid onst of motr, mntl, nd autnmc sx ncludmg mscl rigdty, tachyardia, hyperthermia, ns altrd conscsnss. 2 avd a ptntly fatl outcm, th drg must b stppd immdtly as soon as sx of NMS dvlp.
Physiological Psychology & Psychopharmacology
Glossary
Neurotransmitters
Neurotrnsmttrs r chmcl substncs tht r rlesd from axon trmnls, dffus acrss synpses, nd xcit or nhbts rcptr sites on th postsynptc nrv cell. 1) acetylcholine mediates neuromusclr trnsmssn, parasympthtc arousl, nd memry (e.g., memry loss n Alzheimr's demnta). 2) Norepinephrine mediates th actvtes of th sympthtc nrvs systm nd plays a rol n th rgultn of eatng, sleep, nd pstv rnfrcmnt. A dfcncy is assctd w/som forms of dprssn. 3) Dopamine is nvolvd n nhbtry motr rgultn nd mtvtnl/emotnl fnctns. Nsffcnt dopamine n th basal ganglia is blevd 2 undrly Parknsn's dises; xecutv actvty @ dopamine rcptrs hs bn lnkd 2Schzophrna nd Tourttes syndrm. 4) Serotonin ordnrly nhbts bhvr nd is nvolvd n th rgultn of mood, hngr, arousl, sleep, temp, nd pain nd in th Affctv d/o, Schzophrna, nd OCD. 5) GABA is th most cmmn nhbtry neurotrnsmttr nd is blevd 2 b nvolvd n anxty, sleep, nd seizrs. Lw lvls of GABA n th motr rgn r assctd w/Huntington's dises.
Physiological Psychology & Psychopharmacology
Glossary
Occpital Lobe
Th occpital lobe cntains th prmry snsry cortx 4 visn. Damg 2 th occiptal lobe cn rslt n visul objct agnosia, color agnosia, word blindness, nd/or scotomas (blind spots).
Physiological Psychology & Psychopharmacology
Glossary
Parietal Lobe
Th parietal lobe cntains th somatosnsry cortx. Damg cn caus apraxia, nablty 2 rcgnz objcts by tuch, prblms rltd 2 kft-rt orientn, cntrltrl nglct, nd/or Gertsmann Syndrome.
Physiological Psychology & Psychopharmacology
Glossary
Parkinson's Disease
Parkinson's Dises is a prgrssv dgnrtv dises chrctrzd by trmrs, msculr rgdty, akathisia, akinesia, nd spch dffcltys; it may evntly nclud demntia. Symptms r tmprly rlevd by L-dopa, a dopamine agonist. parkinson's dises is blevd 2 b du 2 dgnrtn of dopamin-containg cells, esp n th substantia nigra.
Physiological Psychology & Psychopharmacology
Glossary
Postconcussional Disorder
In DSM-IV-TR, Postconcussional d/o is ncluded n th sctn of th Appendx ntitld "Criteria Sets nd Axes Provided for Further Study." It rquirs a) a hx of hd trama tht causd sgnfcnt cerebral cncussn as evdncd by a loss of cnscsnss, post-traumatc amnesia, nd/or post-traumatic seizures; b) dstrbncs n attn or memry; ns c) 3 or mre sx tht hv lastd 4 at least 3 mnths (e.g., fatig, hdche, irritblty, or angr w/o provoctn).
Physiological Psychology & Psychopharmacology
Glossary
Prosopagnosia
prosopagnosia is th nablty 2 rcgnz famlir faces ncludng 1's own face n th mirror.
Physiological Psychology & Psychopharmacology
Glossary
Psychophysical Laws
th psychphyscl laws attmpt 2 predct th r/s btwn prcptn nd snstn. Fechner's laws states tht th physcl stimulus chngs r logarihtmcly rltd 2 thr psychlgcl snstns. Steven's power law proposes tht th mgntud of a snstn is = 2 th physcl magntud of th stmulus producng th snstn raised 2 a crtn pwr (xponent) wch varies, dpndng on th spcfc snstn bng measd. Webers law states tht th just noticeabl dffnc n th stmulus ntnsty is a cnstnt proportn of th initial stmulus ntnsty.
Physiological Psychology & Psychopharmacology
Glossary
Reticular Activating System (RAS)
Th RAS is a ntwrk of nrv fibrs nvolvd n wkflnss, arousl, nd cnscsnss.
Physiological Psychology & Psychopharmacology
Glossary
Secondary Sex Characteristics
At pubrty, an ncres n gonadal hormones nfluncs th emrgnc of scndry sex chractstcs nd th dvlpmnt of th rprdctn systm. Altho th mchnsms tht trggr th dvlpmnt of th scndry sx chrctrstcs r nt wel undrstud, it ocurs whn th hypothlms secrets chmcls tht stmult th anterior pituitary glnd, wch thn rlses th gonadotropic hormones tht stmult testosterone nd sperm prdctn by th testes or ovulation nd hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal axis.
Physiological Psychology & Psychopharmacology
Glossary
Sedative-Hypnotics
nclud th barbituates, anxiolytic, nd etoh. Ths drgs r gnrlzd CNS dprssnts, nd thr effcts r dose dpndnt: @ lw dos, ths drgs rduc arousl nd motr actvty; at modrt dos, thy nduc sedtn nd sleep; nd @ hi dos, thy cn prduc anesthesia, coma, nd deth. Th benzos r a typ of anxiolytic. Thr side effcts nclud drwsnss, ataxia, slrrd speech, nd othr signs of CNS drprssn; abrpt csstn cn caus rebound hyperexcitability.
Physiological Psychology & Psychopharmacology
Glossary
Seizures
Ther r 2 main typs of seizurs: 1) Gnrlzd seizurs r biltrly symtrcl nd du nt hv a focal onst. Ncluded n ths ctgry r tonic-clonic nd absnc seizurs. Tonic-clonic (gran mal) seizurs nclud tonic stg n wch th mscls cntrct nd nth bdy stffns; a clonic stg tht nvolvs rhythmc shking of th limbs; nd postictal (postseizur) dprssn or cnfusn w/amnesia 4 th ictal evnt. Absnc (petit mal) seizurs r brief attacks nvolvng a loss of conscsnss w/o prominent motr symptms. 2) Partial seizures bgn n 1 side of th bran nd affct 1 side of th bdy, at least initaly. (thy sumtms spred nd bcum gnrlzd seizurs).
Physiological Psychology & Psychopharmacology
Glossary
Sex Hormones
Th piyuitary glnd nd th gonads (ovarys nd testes) r th prmry sorcs of th sex hormones: th piyuitary glnd produces th gonadotropic hoemones; thovaries secret estrogn nd progsterone, nd th testes secret 2 typs of androgns, testosterone nd androstenedione.
Physiological Psychology & Psychopharmacology
Glossary
Sexual Dimorphism
Sexual dimorphism rfers to sex-rltd dffrncs n physcl apprnc; nd th rsrch hs cnfrmd tht th humn bran is sexuly dimorphc. Studes usng strcturl bran magng tchnqs hv found sex-rltd dffrncs n th sz of spcfc rgns of th bran ncludng th corpus callosum, hppcmpus, nd SCN.
Physiological Psychology & Psychopharmacology
Glossary
Sleep
Sleep dvded n2 5 stgs on th bsis of EEG (electroencephalogram) pttrn. Durng stg 1, th sleepr's EEG rcrd is smilr 2 tht of an awk, rlxd indvl nd is dmntd by Alpha Waves. The stg 2 EEG rcrd cnsists prmrly of Theta Waves tht r ntrrptd by bursts of sleep spindls nd K complexes. Lrg, slo Delta Waves appr durng stg 3; nd n stg 4 th "deep sleep" stg, Delta Waves domnt th EEG rcrd. Th 5th stg chrctrzd by th prsnc of rapid eye mvmnts nd knwn as REM (dream sleep). Sleep pttrns vary w/age. E.g., total sleep time, stg 4 sleep, nd REM sleep all decrease from childhood to adulthood.
Physiological Psychology & Psychopharmacology
Glossary
Somatic Nervous System
Th somatc nrvus systm (SNS) cnsists of snsry nrvs tht crry nfo frm th bdy'd sns rcptrs 2 th CNS nd motr nrvs th crry nfo frm th CNS 2 th skeltl mscls. Th SNS gvns actvtes tht r ordnrly cnsdrd vluntry.
Physiological Psychology & Psychopharmacology
Glossary
Spinal Cord
th sinal cord crrys nfo btwn th bran nsd th peripheral nrvus systm, coordnts actvtes of th lft nd rt sides of th bdy, nd cntrl smpl rflxe tht du nt nvolv th bran. It cnsists of 31 sgmnts, wch r dvded n2 5 grps. from th top of th spinal cord 2 th bttm, thes r: cervical, thoracic, lumbar, sacral, nd coccygeal. Damg at th crvcl lvl ordnrly rslts n quadrplegia (loss of snsry nd vluntry motr fnctng n th arms nd legs), whl damg at th thoracic lvl causes paraplegia (loss of fnctng of th legs).
Physiological Psychology & Psychopharmacology
Glossary
SSRIs (Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors)
SSRIs (e.g., fluoxetine,) r antidepressant drgs tht xrt thr effct by blocng th reuptk of serotonin at nrv synpses. Side effcts nclud gastrointestinal dstrbncs, sxul dysfnctn, nsomnia, anxty, hdches, nd anorexia.
Physiological Psychology & Psychopharmacology
Glossary
Synesthesia
Synesthesia ("joining senses") is a rare cndtn n wch stmultn of 1 snsry modalty trggrs a snstn n anthr snsry modalty. E.g., a prsn w/synesthesia mit hear a color or taste a shape.
Physiological Psychology & Psychopharmacology
Glossary
Tardive Dyskinesia
TD is a ptntly irrvrsbl extrapyamidal side effect asscyd w/lng-trm use of trdtnl antipsychotic drgs. Symptms nclud rhythmcl, steretypd mvmnts of th mscles of th face, lmbs, nd trunk (smilr 2Huntington's chorea). N sum cses, sx r allvtd by a GABA agnist or by csstn of th drg.
Physiological Psychology & Psychopharmacology
Glossary
Temporal Lobe
Th temporal lobe cntans th prmry auditory cortx. Damg cn rslt n auditory agnosia, Wernicke's (receptive) aphasia, cortical deafness, nd/or mpairmnt n lng-trm memry.
Physiological Psychology & Psychopharmacology
Glossary
Thalamus
Th thalamus is a "relay station" 4 all of th snses xcept olfaction. It is als nvolvd n lngug nd memry.
Physiological Psychology & Psychopharmacology
Glossary
Theories of Color Vision
ther r 2 thrys of color visn. Accrdn 2 th trichromatc thry, ther r 3 typs of color rcptors tht r ea recptv 2 a dffrnt prmry color (red, blue, or green). All othr colors r prducd by varitns n th actvtes of thes 3 rcptrs. Th opponent-process thry als postults 3 dstnct rcptrs: red-green, yello-blue, nd wht-blc. Accrdng 2 ths thry, sum cells r xcitd by red nd nhbtd by grn, nd so on; nd th ovrall pttrn of stmultn of thes cells prducs th varius colors tht we prceve.
Physiological Psychology & Psychopharmacology
Glossary
Theories of Emotion
Th various thrys of emotn dffr n trms of thr mphasis on throl of th periphrl nd cntrl fctrs. th james-lang thry strsses th mprtnc of priphrl fctrs nd propses tht emotions rprsnt prcptns of bdly reactns (esp ANS reactns) 2 snsry stmuli. Th Cannon-Bard thry plces grts mphsis on th bran mechnsms tht mediate emotn. It proposes tht emotnl nd bodly reactns 2 stmuli ocur simultneously as a rslt of thalamic stmultn of th cortex nd th peripheral nervs systm.
Physiological Psychology & Psychopharmacology
Glossary
Traditional Antipsychotics
Th trdtnl antpsychtc drgs (e.g., phenothiazines) r usd 4 th mngmnt od schizophrna nd othr psychoses. They r most effctv 4 pstv sx (delusions, hallucinations, agitation, thot d/o)/ Side effcts nclud anticholinergic nd extrapyamidal effcts.
Physiological Psychology & Psychopharmacology
Glossary
Tricyclics (TCAs)
Th tricyclic antidprssnts (e.g., imioramine, chlomipramine) r blevd 2 wrk by blocng th reuptk of norepinephrine, dopamine, nd/or serotonin. they r most effctive 4 allevng somtaic, vegetative sx. Side effcts nclude anticholinergic effcts, confusion, drowsiness, weight gain, nd cardiovasular sx.
Physiological Psychology & Psychopharmacology
Glossary
Tpe A Behavior Pattern
Peopl xhbtng th Type A bhvr pttrn r hghly cmptitv nd achvmnt orientd, hv a sns of tne urgncy, nd tnd 2 b hstl, easly irrtatd, nd mpatnt. A # od studes hv cnfrmd tht, of th Type A chrctrstcs, cyncl or antgnstc hstility is most strngly assctd w/health prblms, esp cocnary hrt dises n males.
Physiological Psychology & Psychopharmacology
Glossary
Visual Agnosia
Visual agnosia ("visual not knowing") is an nablty 2 rcgnz familr objcts by sight.