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21 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
which forms of epilepsy are associated with MR?
symptomatic generalized epilepsy
Which is the idiopathic partial epilepsy?
Benign Rolandic Epilepsy
Vertex waves are a hallmark of which stage of sleep?
drowsy (stage I)
Sleep spindles/K-complexes are hallmark of which sleep stage?
Stage II
What is the EEG abnormality in epilepsy?
spikes or sharp waves
Important areas/channels in absence sz?
cortico-thalamic intx (T-type channels), reticular nucleus of thalamus w/ corticothal (GABA)
Frequency of activity in absence sz?
How is hippocampal sclerosis different from hypoxic hippocampal damage?
sclerosis (CA2 spared) hypoxia (CA4 most damaged)
Which type of epilepsy is associated with hippocampal sclerosis?
Mesial Temporal Lobe Epilepsy
Clinical course of Childhood Absence Epilepsy?
onset 4-8, dozens/day, resolves by puberty
Tx of childhood absence epilepsy?
(responds well) ethosuximide
What are the types of generalized szs?
general tonic clonic, myoclonic, atonic, absence
Which type of epilepsy always occurs upon wakening in the AM?
Juvenile Myoclonic Epilepsy
Tx for Myoclonus?
Valproate or Clonazepam
Name the dz: kids...unilateral face twitch w/GTCs at night?
Benign Rolandic Epilepsy
Clinical course of Benign Rolandic Epilepsy (tx)?
normal cog fxn, resolves by puberty. (No meds needed)
Which type of epilepsy is preceded by a characteristic aura?
Tx for MTLE?
When do Frontal Lobe Epilepsy szs occur?
Which epilepsy has fencers posture?
Frontal Lobe Epilepsy (can be confused w/MTLE)
Most common cause of death in sz d/o?