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86 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
What is the incubation period for the Influenza virus?
1-3 days
What is the incubation period for Menningococcal Meningitis?
3-4 Days
What antigenic type of influenza is infrequently associated with regional and widespread epidemics?
Influenza Type B
What antigenic type of influenza is associated with sporadic cases and minor localized outbreaks?
Influenza Type C
What influenza antigenic type is associated with widespread epidemics and pandemics?
Influenza Type A
What Mennigicoccal Meningitis seriological types are are common in the US?
Groups B, C, Y
What type of Streptococcal Disease contains the infecting strain of streptococus which produces a pyrogenic exotoxin?
Scarlett Fever
What disease is accompanied by a sand paper rash?
Scarlett Fever
What Streptococcal Disease is characterized by fever, sore throat, exudative tonsilitis, pharyngitis, tender, enlarged cervical lymph nodes and may be accompanied by otitis media?
Streptococcal sore throat
What Streptococcal Disease is charactertized by strawberry tongue?
Scarlett Fever
What antigenic variation has a minor or gradual change in H and N?
Antigenic drift
Which antigenic variation requires annual reformulation of the influenza vaccine?
Antigenic drift
What antigenic variation has a complete or major change in H and N?
Antigenic shift
Which antigenic variation is associated only with Influenza A?
Antigenic shift
What is the treatment for Influenza A?
Amantadine hydrochloride or Rimatadine hydrochloride
What is the period of communicability of Influenza?
3-5 days from clinical onset
What is the mode of transmission for Influenza?
Droplets via the respiratory system
Intense headache, stiff neck and petechial rash are signs and symptoms of which respiratory disease?
Meningococcal Meningitis
Neisseria Meningitides is the infectious agent of what respiratory disease?
Meningococcal Meningitis
What respiratory disease is a gram negative diplococcus bacteria?
Meningococcal Meningitis
What are the seriological subgroups: A,B,C,X,Y,Z and W-135?
Meningococcal Meningitis
What are the early symptoms of Tuberculosis?
Fatigue, Fever, Night sweats, and weight loss
Cough, Hemoptysis, hoarseness, and chest pain are advanced symtoms associated with what respiratory illness?
Tuberculosis
Which type streptococcus may admit passive immunity in newborns?
Streptococcus Group A
What is the incubation period of Streptococcal diseases?
1-3 days
What is the incubation period for tuberculosis?
2-10 weeks
What is the leading cause of death in adults from an infectious disease around the world?
Tuberculosis
Which type of tuberculosis occurs more fequently in persons who are infected with HIV?
Extrapulmonary
What is the infectious agent for Tuberculosis?
Mycobacterium tuberculosis
What is the reservoir for Tuberculosis?
Primarily Humans
Corynebacterium diptheriae is the infectious agent for which respiratory illness?
Diphtheria
Tonsilitis, Pharyngitis, cervical lymphadenopathy and serosanguinous nasal discharge are presumptive diagnosis which respiratory illness?
Diphtheria
What treatment should be given immediately after bacterialogical specimens are taken for Diphtheria?
Antitoxin
How many toxin producing strains are there of Diphtheria?
Three
What is the incubation period for Diphtheria?
Usually 2-5 days
What is the treatment for Rubella?
Supportive
Postauricular, occipital and posterior cervical lymphadenopathy is the most charateristic clinical feature and precedes the rash by 5-10 days is a sign and symptom for which respiratory disease?
Rubella
Diffuse punctate and macular papular rash sometimes resembling that of Measles or Scarlett fever is a sign and symptom of which respiratory disease?
Rubella
What is the infectious agent for Rubella?
Rubella virus
What is the the incubation period range for Rubella?
14-21 Days
What is the average incubation period for Rubella?
14-17 Days
Koplik spots on the buccal mucosa is a sign and symptom of which viral disease?
Rubeola
A characteristic red blotchy rash appears on the 3rd to 7th day is associated with what viral disease?
Rubeola
Complications such as otitis media, pneumonia, laryngotracheobronchitis (croup) diarrhea and encephalitis are associated with what viral disease?
Rubeola
What is the infectious agent for Rubeola?
Measles virus
Which disease is one of the most highly communicable infectious diseases, and a herd immunity of >94% may be needed to interrupt transmission?
Measles
What is the incubation period for Rubeola?
About 10 days
True or False
Aquired immunity after illness of measles is not permanent.
False
Acquired immunity after illness IS permanent
Productive cough of rusty sputum is a s/s of which illness?
Pneumoccal pneumonia
What is the infectious agent for Pneumococcal pneumonia?
Streptococcus pneumoniae
How is Pneumococcal pneumonia confirmed in adults?
Isolation of pneumococci from secretions from lower respiratory tract
What is the preferred treatment for Pneumonia?
PCN G
What are the two manifestations of Legionellosis?
Legionnaire's disease
Pontiac fever
In which disease would a chest X-ray show patchy or focal areas of consiladation that may progress to bilateral involvement and ultimately to respiratory failure?
Legionnaire disease
What is the infectious agent for legionellosis?
Legionellae pneumophila
What is the treatment of choice for Legionellosis?
E-mycin
When are sporadic cases and outbreaks more commonly recognized with Legionellosis?
Summer and autumn
What is the average incubation period for Legionellosis?
5-6 Days
What is the incubation period range for Legionellosis?
2-10 Days
At what temperature should water be maintained to control Legionellosis?
>122 Degrees Farenheit
What is an acute catarrhal infection of the upper respiratory tract lasting 2-7 days?
Common Cold
What is the major etiologic agent of the common cold in adults?
Rhinovirus
What etiologic agent is responsible for 10-15% of common cold cases?
Coronavirus
What is the treatment for the common cold?
Supporttive/None
What is the average incubation period for the common cold?
Usually 48 hours
What is the incubation period range for the common cold?
12 hours to 5 days
What is the term for something that usually has a longer incubation period and is accompanied by fever?
Infection
What is caused by ingetions of a pathogenic organism which multiplies within the gastrointestinal tract?
Infection
What is caused by the ingestion of toxins which are formed in tissues or certain animals and plants?
Intoxication
What term defines something that normally has a short incubation period and fever is often absent?
Intoxication
What is the etiologic agent for mushroom poisoning?
Toxins and alkoloids
What are the certain poisonous species of myshrooms associated with mushroom poisoning?
Amanita, Galerina, Gyromitra
What is the incubation period for mushroom poisoning?
6-12 hours
Hypotension, temperature reversal and aching teeth are s/s of what type of poisoning?
Ciguatera fish poisoning
Which poisoning is red tide associated with?
Paralytic Fish poisoning
Scombroid Fish Poisoning is common in which type of fish?
Tuna, Bonito, Mackerel and Skipjack
What is the prevention measure for Scombroid Fish Poisoning?
Adequate refrigeration and irradiation to prevent spoilage
What is the source of poisonin with gray enameled cookware?
Antimony
Pitchers, utensils and racks plated with what can cause poisoning?
Cadmium
What is the source of poisoning with galvanized cookware and utensils?
Zinc
What accounts for over 20% of known disease outbreak in the U.S.?
Bacterial Pathogens
What two bacterias account for the highest percent of disease outbreak cases?
Shigella and Salmonella
What causes giardiasis and is resistant to chlorination?
Giardia lamblia
What causes amebiasis and is associated with sewage leaks?
Entamoeba histolytica
What chemical causes methemo-globinemia which is especially dangerous to children?
Nitrates
What are two types of protozoan pathogens?
Giardia lamblia and Entamoeba histolytica