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18 Cards in this Set

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Reinforcer
Any stimulus event or condition whose presentation immediately follows the response and increases the frequency of that response
Behavior
A muscular, glandular or electrical activity
Behavior Analysis
The study of the operation of the principles of behavior with both human beings and other animals
Reinforcement contingency
the immediate,response- contingent presentation of 4
a reinforcer resulting in an increased frequency of that response.
Escape Contingency
the immediate, response-contingent
removal of 3 an aversive condition resulting in an increased frequency of that response.
Punishment Contingency
the immediate, response-contingent presentation of an aversive condition resulting in a decreased frequency of that response.
The Law of Effect
The effects of our actions
determine whether we will repeat them.
Penalty Contingency
the immediate, response- contingent removal of
a reinforcer resulting in a decreased frequency of that response.
Extinction
The process of withholding reinforcement for previously reinforced responses.
social validity
The goals, procedures and results of an intervention are socially acceptable to the client, behavior analyst and society
Recovery from Punishment
Stopping the punishment or penalty contingency for a previously punished responsse causes the response frequency before the punishment or penalty contingency.
Differential Reinforcement of Alternative Behavior
The replacement of an inappropriate response that produces the same reinforcing outcome ( either the presentation of a reinforcing condition or the removal or reduction of an aversive condition.)
The differential Reinforcement procedure
Reinforcing one set of responses amd extinguishing another set of responses
Task Analysis
An analysis of complex behavior and sequences of behavior into component responses.
terminal behavior
Behavior not in the repertoire or not occurring at the desired frequency the goal of the intervention
Response Class
A set of responses that either
a) are the same on at least one response dimension
b) share the effects of reinforcement and punishment
c) serve the same function (produce the same outcome)
Single Subject Research Design
The entire experimetn is conducted with a single subject, though it may be replicated with several other subjects.
Baseline
The phase of an experiment or intervention where the behavior is measured in the absence of an intervention.