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52 Cards in this Set

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Igneous Rocks
Chrystaline minerals solidified from molten magma deep in the earth's interior, basalt, rhyolite, andesite, lava, and granite are examples
Deep Crystal
Magma
Molten rock from deep in the earth's interior called lava when it spews from volcanic vents
deeeep
Metamorphic Rock
Igneous and sedimentary rocks modified by heat, pressure and chemicals reactions
heat
Mineral
A naturally occurring, inorganic, crystalline solid with definite chemical composition and characteristic physical properties
Rock
A Solid cohesive, aggregate of one or more crystalline minerals
Rock Cycle
The process whereby rocks are broken down by chemical and physcial forces, sediments are moved by wind, water, gravity, sedminented and reformed into rock, and then crushed, folded, melted and recrystallized into new forms
Sedimentary Rocks
Deposited material that remains in place long enough or is covered and with enough material to compact into stone
Sedimentation
The deposition of organic materials or minerals by chemical, physical or biological processer
Weathering
Changes in rocks brought about by exposure to air, water, hcanging temperatures, reactive chemical agents
Aerosols
Minute Particles or liquid droplets suspended in air
Climate
A description of the long-term weather pattern in a specific area
Cold Front
A moving boundary of cooler air displacing warmer air
Convection Currents
Rising or sinking air currents that stir the atmosphere and transport heat from one area to another. Convection currents alos occur in water
Greenhouse Effects
Gases in the atmosphere are transparent to visible light but absorb infared (eat) waves that are radiated from earth's surface
Hurricane
Large, cyclonic, oceanic storms with heavy rain and winds exceeding 74mph
Jet Streams
Powerful winds or currents of air that circulate in shifting flows, similar to oceanic currents in extent and effect on climate
Ozone
A highly reactive molecule containing three oxygen atoms, a dangerous pollutant in ambient air. In the stratosphere, however, ozone forms an ultraviolet absorbing shield that protects us from mutagenic radiation
Stratsophere
The ozone occurring in the stratosphere 10-50 km above the Earth's surface
Tornadoes
A violent storm characterized by strong whirling winds and updrafts, tornadoes from when a strong cold front pushes under a warm moist air mass over land.
Warm Front
A long, wedge-shaped boundary caused when warmer advancing air mass slides over neighboring cooler air parcels
Weather
Description of the physical conditions of the atmosphere
Formaldehyde
Colorless pungent gas made by oxidizing methanal
Igneous Rocks
Chrystaline minerals solidified from molten magma deep in the earth's interior, basalt, rhyolite, andesite, lava, and granite are examples
Deep Crystal
Magma
Molten rock from deep in the earth's interior called lava when it spews from volcanic vents
deeeep
Metamorphic Rock
Igneous and sedimentary rocks modified by heat, pressure and chemicals reactions
heat
Mineral
A naturally occurring, inorganic, crystalline solid with definite chemical composition and characteristic physical properties
Rock
A Solid cohesive, aggregate of one or more crystalline minerals
Rock Cycle
The process whereby rocks are broken down by chemical and physcial forces, sediments are moved by wind, water, gravity, sedminented and reformed into rock, and then crushed, folded, melted and recrystallized into new forms
Sedimentary Rocks
Deposited material that remains in place long enough or is covered and with enough material to compact into stone
Sedimentation
The deposition of organic materials or minerals by chemical, physical or biological processer
Weathering
Changes in rocks brought about by exposure to air, water, hcanging temperatures, reactive chemical agents
Aerosols
Minute Particles or liquid droplets suspended in air
Climate
A description of the long-term weather pattern in a specific area
Cold Front
A moving boundary of cooler air displacing warmer air
Convection Currents
Rising or sinking air currents that stir the atmosphere and transport heat from one area to another. Convection currents alos occur in water
Greenhouse Effects
Gases in the atmosphere are transparent to visible light but absorb infared (eat) waves that are radiated from earth's surface
Hurricane
Large, cyclonic, oceanic storms with heavy rain and winds exceeding 74mph
Igneous Rocks
Chrystaline minerals solidified from molten magma deep in the earth's interior, basalt, rhyolite, andesite, lava, and granite are examples
Deep Crystal
Magma
Molten rock from deep in the earth's interior called lava when it spews from volcanic vents
deeeep
Metamorphic Rock
Igneous and sedimentary rocks modified by heat, pressure and chemicals reactions
heat
Mineral
A naturally occurring, inorganic, crystalline solid with definite chemical composition and characteristic physical properties
Rock
A Solid cohesive, aggregate of one or more crystalline minerals
Rock Cycle
The process whereby rocks are broken down by chemical and physcial forces, sediments are moved by wind, water, gravity, sedminented and reformed into rock, and then crushed, folded, melted and recrystallized into new forms
Sedimentary Rocks
Deposited material that remains in place long enough or is covered and with enough material to compact into stone
Sedimentation
The deposition of organic materials or minerals by chemical, physical or biological processer
Weathering
Changes in rocks brought about by exposure to air, water, hcanging temperatures, reactive chemical agents
Aerosols
Minute Particles or liquid droplets suspended in air
Climate
A description of the long-term weather pattern in a specific area
Cold Front
A moving boundary of cooler air displacing warmer air
Convection Currents
Rising or sinking air currents that stir the atmosphere and transport heat from one area to another. Convection currents alos occur in water
Greenhouse Effects
Gases in the atmosphere are transparent to visible light but absorb infared (eat) waves that are radiated from earth's surface
Hurricane
Large, cyclonic, oceanic storms with heavy rain and winds exceeding 74mph