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38 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
(T/F) Eutrophication can be defined as a population explosion of corals.
False (population explosion of algae)
(T/F) Hazardous waste (such as PCBs) can be legally burned in the incerators built to burn household trash.
False
(T/F) The maxmum sustainable yield of a resource is the greatest harvest level that will not deplete the resource.
True
(T/F) Fossil fuels are non-renewable energy sources.
True
(T/F) Since cholera is spread by contaminatd food or water, people in Pohnpei who got the disease must have encountered the pathogen in this way.
True
(T/F) Ordot dump is an example of a sanitary landfill.
False
(T/F) Alternative energy sources for Micronesia include solar power.
True
(T/F) Leachate can poison our food supply by increasing concentrations of poisons in the food chain.
True
(T/F) Hazardous wte includes only radioactive wastes (such as those from a nuclear power plant).
False
(T/F) Point source pollution is generally easier to prevent than non-point source pollution.
True (since you can identify the polluter).
(T/F) The greenhouse effect is the same phenomenon as global warming.
True
(T/F) If global warming continues at its preset rate, some coral reefs will die.
True
(T/F) Risk assessment is something best decied by scientists based only on scientific data.
False
(T/F) Burning trash at low temperatures (such as the recent tire fire at Ordot) can produce dangerous chemicals that we should not breathe.
True
(T/F) Indicator bacteria (such as E.coli) are very likely to cause serious diseases in people who swim in contaminated waters.
False (stomach ache, rash)
(T/F) If organic waste has a higher biochemical oxygen demand, then it will use up more oxygen when bacteria decompose the waste.
True
(T/F) In order to sustainably harvest tuna, we need to know both the population size and the population growth rate of the tuna.
True
(T/F) The "Tragedy of the Commons" can only be prevented by private ownership of a resource.
False
(T/F) Most ecologists favor re-use of resources (such as paper) instead of incineration of such trash.
True
(T/F) Sustainable development usually occurs if we exceed the maximum sustainable yield of a resource.
False
Examples of renewealbe resources include:
a)aluminum ore
b)water
c)coal
d)sewage
b)
Hazarous wastes:
a)must be shipped off-island because we cannot safly processthem here in Micronesia
b)include the carbon dioxide that causes the greenhouse effect
c)are never present in incinerator ash
d)are usually not found in the leachate from Ordot dump
a)
Eutrophication:
a)is a form of water pollution
b)occurs mainly in freshwater ponds and lakes
c)gives a competitive advantage to corals
d)leaks hazardousawste into our environment
a)
Actions we mighthave to take to maintain an adequate supply of fresh water include:
a)water conservation
b)building as many wells as we ant in our northern lens
c)overpumping our wells
d)building 3 or 4 lakes the size of Fena Lake
a)
Ecological effects of global warming might include:
a)extinction of species that cannot adapt to a rapid rise in temperature
b)more money spent on flood control
c)more ultraviolet radiation reaching the earth
d)a sea level rise of 4-5 meters in the next 100 years
a)
Examples of sustainable development include:
a)responsible ecotourism
b)building 25 golf courses on an insland the size of Guam
c)allowing everyone to catch as many reef fish as they wish
d)use of more fossil fuels in the future
a)
The best level of sewage treatment for protecting coral reef from eutrophication is:
a)primary treatment
b)secondary treatment
c)tertiary treatment
d)quaternary treatment
c)
The "Tradegy of Commons" occurs whenerever:
a)conservation by individuals lead to sustanaible resource use
b)government regulation produces conservation
c)conservation by individuals does not protect the resource from depletion
d)each family owns part of a resource (such as a reef)
c)
High levels of coliform bacteria in ocean:
a) mean that our sewage treatmet plants are working
b)are not a reason to close beaches to swimmers
c)mean that we are "swimming in sewer"
d)mean that cholera bacteria are also present in the water
c)
Negative ecological effects of global warming include:
a)death of animals that tolerate higher temperature
b)sea level rise of 1-1.5 fet in the next 100 years
c)a higher rate of coral reproduction
d)more sharks in the ocean
b)
In order to determine if a resource is reneweable, we must know:
a)the replacement rate of the resource
b)the number of people using the resource
c)the rate of use of the resource
d)both a and c
d)
Characteristics of a sanitary landfill include:
a)separation of tires from garbage
b)a liner to prevent leachate from contaminating nearby soil and water supplies
c)an incinerator to burn most of the trash
d)a recycling center near the landfill
b)
Current evidence for global warming includes:
a)data showing an increase in the concentration of carbon dioxide since the start of the Industrial Revolution
b)data on the hole in the ozone layer
c)data showing fewer tropical storms in the last 50 years
d)data on increased use of substitutes for CFCs
a)
Integrated waste management includes:
a)an incinerator and a landfill
b)recycling and a landfill
c)recycling, a landfill, and an incinerator
d)source depletion, recycling, a landfill, and an incinerator
d)
Examples of hazardous waste include:
a)pesticides
b)sewage
c)hotwater from power plants
d)construction debris (like wood and bricks)
a)
Examples of "tragedy of the commons" include:
a)sustainable development of agroforests
b)overfishing of many popular food fishes found in our oceans
c)water-rationing in times of drought
d)forced recycling of all materials that can be recycled
b)
Examples of non-point source pollution include:
a)sewage from our sewage treatment plants
b)the hazardous chemicals stored in shed at a local resort
c)a chlorine lea from the gas cylinders near a water well
d)storm runoff from our roads
d)
Source reduction involves:
a)buying food in individual packages
b)buying food in bulk with a minimum of packaging
c)using non-biodegradable pesticides
d)using pesticides when biological control agents are available
b)