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104 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
health
state of complete physical and mental health
disease
abnormal change in body conditions
morbidity
illness
mortality
death
environmental health
focusses on external factors such as disease technological
daly's
disability ajusted life years
total cost of disease ex . premature death
pathogens
disease causing organisms ex. bacteria
emergent diseases
not previously known absent for 20 years or more
toxins
poisons
allergens
substances that activate immune system in a bad way
antigens
ex cancer provoke working of white blood cells to provide certain proteins
sick building syndrome
when sick by indoor air
neurotoxins
class of metabolic poisons that specifically attack nerve / cells
mutagens
chemicals and radiation that alter dna cells ex. birth deffects
teratogens
cause abnomalities during embryonic growth and development
carcinogens
substances that cause cancer and tumors
bioaccumulation
selective absorbtion and storage of great variety of molecules ex dilute toxins in cells bad
biomagnification
when a larger animal ex lion eats an animal with toxins and makes a build up of toxins
synergism
causes a more risk for some thing else ex. lung cancer & espestos 20 fold
cute affects
single exposure to a toxin
chronic effects
long lasting effects
primary pollutants
reasleased directly into the air from a source
secondary pollutants
hazordous when mixed with air
fugitive emmissions
are those that do not go through filter smog
ambient air
air we breathe
conventional/ criteria pollutants
contribute the largest volume of air quality (7)degredation and also are considered the msot serious threat of all air pollutants to human health and well fair
sulfer dioxide
criteria polllutant that is a colorless gas that damages plants and animals makes acid rain
nitrogen oxides
makes smog
co2
cause global warming
carbon monoxide
toxic gas from combustion of fuel hurts respitory system
carcinogens
substances that cause cancer and tumors
bioaccumulation
selective absorbtion and storage of great variety of molecules ex dilute toxins in cells bad
biomagnification
when a larger animal ex lion eats an animal with toxins and makes a build up of toxins
synergism
causes a more risk for some thing else ex. lung cancer & espestos 20 fold
cute affects
single exposure to a toxin
chronic effects
long lasting effects
primary pollutants
reasleased directly into the air from a source
secondary pollutants
hazordous when mixed with air
fugitive emmissions
are those that do not go through filter smog
ambient air
air we breathe
conventional/ criteria pollutants
contribute the largest volume of air quality (7)degredation and also are considered the msot serious threat of all air pollutants to human health and well fair
sulfer dioxide
criteria polllutant that is a colorless gas that damages plants and animals makes acid rain
nitrogen oxides
makes smog
co2
cause global warming
carbon monoxide
toxic gas from combustion of fuel hurts respitory system
aerosol
and solid particles suspended in the air by gas
particulate material
aerosol dust ash soot
volitile organic compounds
organic compounds that exist as a gas in the air
photochemical oxidents
are products of ozone
aesthetic degredation
any undersirable changes in the physical characteristics or chemistry of atmosphere
cfc's
halon gases that stay in air for long time
point sources
discharge of pollution from a specific locations ex. drain pipe
nonpoint sources
no specific location for pollution ex. storm
atmospheric deposition
contaminants carried by air currants and made into water sheds or directly onto surface waters like rain or snow
coliform bacteria
poop
do
depends on contentin water like factors other than pollution ex. temp relates to survival of aquatic organisms
aeration
amount that a river can get rid of waste
oligotrophic
water that has clear water and low bio productivity
eutrophic
lots of rish organisms and plant life depends on depth of water mineral and biota of water
cultural eutrophication
increase in biological productivity and ecosystem succession caused by human activities
red tide
bloom of deadly aquatic microorganisms called dinoflagellets killes many fish come from runoff
thermal plume
when water disrups natural bio of water prob is factories energy plants
effluent sewage
ex boat hybrid of sewer system and septic plant
waste stream
steady stream of runoff
sanitary landfills
where solid waste disposal is regualted and controlled by being crushed and covered with dirt
energy recovery/ labfill
when waste is used to produce energy and waste is sorted
refuse derived fuel
incineratoins when garbage is burned regardless to what it is
composting
using waste to fertilize
demanufacturing
disassembly and recycling of obsolete products such as TV sets into waste
ewaste
computers cand cell pohones and are piling up
toxic release inventory
tells residence what is in their neighborhood
superfund
1 immediate response to emergency situation to hazordous
2 clean up or remidiate abandoned or inactive sites
ex. tear down nasty buildings
brownfieds
nasty land that is not used up mainly in city's
permanent retrievable storage
placing waste in cavern in a controlled environment that can be retrieved at a different time
Classical economy's
branch of moral philosophy based on individual interest and values
demand
ammount of a product or service that consumers are willing and able to buy at various possible prices
supply
quantity of that product being offered for sale at various prices
market equilibrium
when supply and demand are relatively close
marginal costs and benefts
whatit will cost to produce
capital
any form of wealth available for use in the production of more wealth
resource
anything with potential use in creationg wealth
nonrenewable source
minerals ex. ones that cant be replaced
ex. fossil fuels
political economy
moral philosophy uses old values such as only worry about urself
neoclassical economics
principles of modern science example dont litter need to grow to better people and envi
ecological economics
worry about environment only
steady state economy
advocated low human birth and death rates stability in enviroment
intangible resources
national parks based on beauty and asthetics
proven reserves
mapped resources
ex. coal mined
known resources
known but not necessary used solar energy
undiscovered resources
speculative resources
recoverable resources
accessible through modern technology digging for oil/ fuels
tragedy of the commons
book written by garret hardin telling that the world has problems because the only thing people care about is themselves
open access system
no rules to manage resource mainly owned by natives succesful ex. maine lobster
communal resource managment
1 - live there 2- clearly defined boundries 3- communtiy size known 4- resource scarce 5- management enforced 6- monitored resource 7- incentives
gross national product
how much people spend
gross domestic product
amount/ sold made in country
genuine progress index
take account gross and income not very acurate
cost benifit analysis
assign values to resources and to env. / social effects of carring out to remove or touch
pollution charges
fees assesed per unit of effluent. how much pollution a business lets go
emissions trading
companies can sell credits to other companies so they can produce more pollution
discount rates
time factor into accoutning more important to get rid and have now then keep
external costs
expenses that are borne by someone other than the individuals who use resource
ex. using water to flush toilets/ waste
internalizing costs
some one who benifts from a resource also pays for it
triple bottom line
corporate responsibilty that deals with measaure of success