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8 Cards in this Set

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2 pairs of long membranous wings,
held out from the body,
small bristle-like antennae,
large eyes that take up most of the head,
chewing mouthparts,
aquatic larvae
Odonata (dragonflies and damselflies)
2 pairs of large membranous wings held roof-like over body,
wings with many veins and closed cells,
antennae long,
larvae in sand
Neuroptera (antlions, lacewings, mantispids, and owlflies)
Wings highly variable; when present forewing is leathery,
hindleg enlarged for jumping,
antennae threadlike and variable in length,
chewing mouthparts
Orthoptera (grasshoppers, crickets, katydids)
Sucking mouthparts,
2 pairs of wings typically present (2 main wing forms- half wings:Hemiptera, all wings the same:Homoptera),
Most other features are variable so remember the BEAK.
Hemiptera (true bugs, hoppers)
2 pairs of wings, with forewings modified to form a protective covering (impt. to note that even if you can only see the forewings, there are 2 pairs of wings),
hindwing entirely membranous, usually folded and hidden under forewing,
chewing mouthparts,
other features variable
Coleoptera (beetles)
only 1 pair of wings,
halteres-little clublike structures that replace the hindwings,
other features variable
Diptera (true flies)
2 pairs of scales cover membranous wings,
forewing larger than hindwing,
antennae usually knobbed,
sucking mouthparts,
size extremely variable
Lepidoptera (butterflies and moths)
2 pairs of membranous wings (or wingless depending on life stage),
prominent abdomen (often constricted at the base - threadwaisted wasp),
antennae have 10 or more segments - longer than head but rarely longer than head and thorax combined,
modified ovipositor - used for defense (stinger).
Hymenoptera (wasps, bees, ants)