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59 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Phrase
Section of music that closes itself off
The 3 Characteristics of a Melody
1. Arrangement of steps and leaps
2. Rhythm
3. Phrases
Polyphonic
2+ melodies competing for attention simultaneously
Counterpoint Technique
Several melodies combined into a meaningful whole
Double Stop
Playing two strings at once
Forte
Loud
Register
Specific part of a range
Vivace
Lively
Cadence
A sense of rest/completion
Staccato
Short, detached notes
Tune
Very simple, easily recognizable, even phrases
Dissonance
A clash of notes used to create tension
Examples of String Instruments
1. Violins
2. Violas
3. Cellos
4. Double Basses
5. Harp
Legato
A smooth, connected performance
Examples of Woodwinds
1. Piccolo
2. Flutes
3. Oboes
4. Clarinets
5. Bassoons
Examples of Percussion Instruments
1. Timpani
2. Xylophone
Examples of Brass Instruments
1. Horns
2. Trumpets
3. Trombones
4. Tuba
Largo Tempo
Very slow, with a broad range
Adagio Tempo
Slow
Tempo
Speed of the beat
Indefinite Pitch Percussion Examples
1. Bass drum
2. Cymbals
3. Triangle
4. Snare
Vibrato
Movement of fingers on strings creating pitch fluctuations
Tone
Definite pitch with even sound vibrations
Chord Progression
Series of chords
Unison
Everyone playing the same pitch at the same time
Adante Tempo
Moderately slow, walking pace
Theme
Starting point for an extended musical piece
Motive (Motif)
Shortest recognizeable melody
Consonant Intervals
Sounds good (ex: a triad)
Mezzo Piano
Moderately soft
Harmony
The way chords are constructed and follow each other
Dynamic Accent "sfz"
Sudden loud
Dynamic Accent "subito p"
Sudden soft
Concert Master
First violinist in the first chair who tunes the orchestra and helps determine the bowing
Monophonic
Single melody without accompaniment
Mezzo Forte
Moderately loud
Fortissimo
Very loud
Octave
8 Notes apart
Modulation
Shifting from one key to another in a single piece
Romantic Era
1820 - 1900
Classical Era
1750 - 1820
Mute
The bridge piece on string instruments to lessen the pitch vibration
Pizzicato
Plucking strings with fingers
Arco
"Play with the bow"
Baroque Period
1600 - 1750
Harmonics
Soft, high-pitch tones
Presto
Very fast
Allegro Tempo
Fast
Pianissimo
Very soft
Piano
Soft
Melody
Series of single tones that add up to a recognizable whole
The Four Components of Musical Sound
1. Dynamics
2. Tone color/timbre
3. Pitch
4. Duration
Imitation
Same melody overlaps itself
Interval
Distance between two tones
Dynamics
Degree of loudness or softness
Renaissance Period
1450 - 1600
Middle Ages
450 - 1450
Tremelo
Rapidly repeating tones
Homophonic
A melody with supporting chord moving in same rhythm as the melody