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144 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
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throng
a crowd; lots of people
edifice
a big building, or abstract structure.
venerable
old (religioused)
evanescent
transient, vanish, like vapor.
(evanescence)
ignominy
(deep) disgrace, humiliation,or action
brazen
made of brass, bold, defiance
(brass)
contrive
devise, plan, manage
abate
nullify, put an end to, moderate, deduct, omit
visage
face, appearance, aspect
(think of french definition)
behoove
to be necessary, proper
exhort
urge (strongly), urgent, yearn
fervor
passion, intense feeling
rebuke
reprimand, criticize sharply, disapproval
thatched
to cover with thatch
A <u>thatched</u> roof.
voluptuous
full of delight, luxurious, sensuous
pomp
splendor, ceremonial, festival display
ensue
pursue, follow
relinquish
withdraw, release, yield, give up
profane
to treat with abuse, /secular, unsanctified, irreverent
(like profanity)
snare
trap, ensnare, entangled, capture
scrupulous
principled
emaciated
to become thin
despondent
sadness
entreaty
plea
inimical
hostile
somniferous
inducing sleep
somni- = sleep
abhorrence
hatred
veneration
reverence, respect
discern
discover, to make aware
somnambulism
sleep walking
somna- = sleep
-ism = condition or belief
scourge
punish
reverberate
repeat
labyrinth
maze
awry
askew, amiss
upbraid
scold, reproach severely, criticizes severely
capricious
unpredictable, impulsive, inconstant
penitent
feeling/expressing humble or regretful pain
(repentant- one who repents of sin)
apostle
missionary, one of the disciples
impiety
impious, irreverence
contiguous
adjacent, being in actual contact, near initial sequence
eminence
position of prominence or superiority
erratic
wandering, nomadic, eccentric, strangle
ethereal
celestial, spiritual, immaterial, intangible, resembling an ether
affluent
rich, flowing abundance
transcendent
surpassing, comprehension
oblique
inclined, indirect, obscure
asceticism
practic, self denial, severe
ramparts
protective barrier, ridge of debris
anomaly
irregularity, not easily identified
cursory
hasty, superficial
altruistic
unselfish, self-sacrificing
indolent
causing little/no pain, slow, lazy
perfunctory
routine/superficiality, mechanical
bourgeois
capitalistic, middle class
garrulous
prosy, rambling, annoying, wordy, talkative
itinerant
traveling from place to place
turgid
swollen, pompous
anachronistic
error in chronology
indelible
lasting, unforgettable, memorable
hubris
exaggerated pride/self-confidence
forage
search for food
ephemeral
lasting, one day, very short
nom de plume
pen name
tenacious
cohesive, reactive, strong
irreparable
not reparable, irremendable
bereavement
state or fact of loss, taken away
fatuous
silly, foolish, simple
metastasized
to spread by or as if by (change position, state or form, growth)
repugnance
strong dislike, distaste
gaunt
excessively thin, barren, desolate, lean
lethargy
abnormal drowsiness, lazy, indifference
gait
manner of movement
sublime
solid -> air. elate, exalt, convert to higher worth
euphoria
feeling of well being, or elation
venom
poison (from an animal), malice, evil
undulating
to move in a wavelike motion, appearance, or form
deftly
skillful, adroit
gilded
to overlay with or as if with gold, to make bloody
bereft
deprived of the possession or use of something, lacking something needed or wanted or expected
barnacles
covered with crustacean
surreptitiously
done, make, or acquired by stealth, secret.
anoint
to smear or rub with oil; a sacred rite
desolate
deserted, barren, lifeless, gloomy
conflagration
fire, conflict, war
rambunctious
unruly
renegade
deserted from faint, cause, or allegiance to to another
pilfering
steal (small, stealth, repeated)
benefactor
confers benefit
chastise
punish (as in whipping)
calamity
state of deep distress caused by loss- or an event.
cowered
shrink away from menace, domineer, dismay.
sedition
secede, issue-incitement or resistance
rapt
lifted up and carried away, enraptured, engrossed
tethered
to fasten or restrain by or as if by a tether.
privy
like a toilet, private, secret
feigned
pretend, invent, conceal, fictitious
levity
changeableness, lack of steadiness (excess)
elation
elated, pathological euphoria
epigram
concise poem, pointedly (satire) ending with an ingenious turn of though, paradoxical
supercilious
haughty, proud
buoyed
support, uplift, float
desolate
deserted, alone, dilapidated, barren
complacency
self-satisfaction accompanied unaware of dangers
libel
written statement, plaintiff attacks, discredit
peremptory
haughty, masterful
intimation
announce, hint suggest
incredulous
incredible, skeptical
permeate
to spread, pass through
credulity
readiness or willingness to believe on little evidence
impetuous
marked by (passion, force, violence)
echolalia
pathological repetition of others, like echoing.
convivial
relating/occupied with feast, drink, and/or good company
inept
unfit, awkward, foolish
tumultuous
violent, overwhelming turbulence, commotion, riot
apparition
phenomenon, an appearance
benediction
blessing (i.e. concluding a worship service), something promoting goodness or well-being
demoniac
fiendish, possessed or influenced by demon
vestige
footprint, trace
pompadour
hairdressing:
men: high mound in front in a roll
women: loose, full roll around face
ineffable
taboo, not to be uttered, indescribable
incarnation
concrete from of concept, a version
harrowing
pillage, plunder, torment, vex
alighted
dismounted, deplane, land, settle, to come by
inquest
inquiry, investigation
redolent
aromatic, scented, evocative, suggestive
scrawl
to write or draw awkwardly or carelessly
elude
evade, defy, escape
syntax
the grammatical structure of prose and poetry.

the way something is worded.
diction
the author's choice of words that creates tone, attitude, and style, as well as meaning.
tone
the author's attitude toward his subject
anecdote
a story or brief episode told by the writer or a character to illustrate a point.
direct address
when the author acknowledges the audience and includes them in his speech.
allusion
a reference contained in a work.

i.e. historical allusion, literary allusion, etc.
rhetorical question
one that does not expect an explicit answer. It is used to pose an idea to be considered by the speaker or audience.

question posed for dramatic effect.
confirmatio: ethos, pathos, logos
appeals to:
ethos: 'ethics', moral judgment
pathos: 'pathetic', emotion
logos: 'logic', reason
antecedent
the word, phrase, or clause to which a pronoun refers.
passive voice
something ms. decker doesnt like x_x

i.e. bad examples:

'are arrested'
'is accused'
'is depicted'
'were caught'
appositive
quick descriptions of a noun.

we used them to combine short choppy sentences into clearer writing.

'The house has an amazing kitchen and bathrooms. It was renovated last year.'
instead:
'The house, renovated last year, has an amazing kitchen and bathrooms.'
euphemism
a more acceptable and usually more pleasant way of saying something that might be inappropriate or uncomfortable.

also often used to obscure the reality of a situation.
personification
the assigning of human qualities to inanimate objects or concepts
analogy
a literary device employed to serve as a basis for comparison. It is assumed that what applies to the parallel situation also applies to the original circumstance. in other words, it is the comparison between two different items.

(usually using 'like' or 'as')
parallelism
repetition of like structures.
paradox
a statement that is seemingly contradictory or opposed to common sense and yet is perhaps true
hyperbole
extreme exaggeration, often humorous, it can also be ironic; the opposite of understatement.