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947 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Humanitarian
noun - commmitted to improve the life of others
Envision
verb - to picture sth mentally
Subpoena
noun - legal order demanding evidance
Motto
noun - rule to live by
Hobble
verb -
Verb 1: To resist sb's actions
Verb 2: To limp along
Trivial
adj - 1: Having little value
adj 2: Common place
Stingray
noun: Flat fish with long tail
Big box stores
noun: Large superstore
Imminent
adj 1: About to occur
adj 2: threatening to occur
Miniature
noun: smaller version
adj: smaller than usual
Bewilder
verb: to confuse sb
Viable
adj: worthwhile
adj: able to grow
Bureaucracy
noun: rigid admin system; rigid rules
Resurgent
adj: rising again; stronger again
Buoy
verb: to keep sth up
Compel
verb: to force sb; to force sth to happen
Know-how
noun: knowledge or practical skill
Alleviate
verb: to lessen pain or hardship
Fourfold
adj: multiplied by four
Burgeon
verb: to grow the leaves; to flourish adj: growing quickly
Aisle
noun: passageway between goods or seats
Cabin
noun: woodern hut; small room on ship; airplane interior
Toddler
noun: a young child who is learning to walk
Outgrow
verb: to get too large for sth; to grow faster than others
County
noun: local government area
Brutal
adj: cruel; harsh; insensitive in speech or manner
Patch
noun: sth that covers and mends; cover for wound; temporary connection
Blacklash
noun: strong reaction; violent backward movement
Stunt
noun: dangerous action to entertain ppl or for attention
Haddock
noun: North Atlantic fish which is smaller than cod
Mermaid
noun: mythical sea creature
Surrogate
adj: substituting for sb
verb: to substitute sb
noun: sb as substitute
Bulimia
noun: eating disorder
Cohabit
verb: to live together
noun: cohabitation
Vindictation
noun: being clear the blame or suspicion; being justified the truth of sth that has been disputed
Exodus
noun: departure that involve a large number of ppl
Dwindle
verb: to decrease
Swirl
verb: to turn sth circular motion; to be dizzy noun: confusion; circular motion
Levy
noun: tax verb: to impose tax
Probe
noun: investigation verb: to investigate sth
Nasal
adj: relating to nose
Migraine
noun: extreme badly headache
Discreet
adj: subtle; intend to avoid from embrassing
Breakthrough
noun: the major discovery; removal the major barrier to the progress
Scallop
noun: sea mollusk
Halibut
noun: large flat fish
Replenish
verb: to replace used items; to restock; to refuel
Culprit
noun: the cause of problem; an accused person
Etiquette
noun: rule of acceptable behaviour
Asbestos
noun: heating resistant mineral
Fatigue
noun: exhaust
Chemotherapy
noun: treating using chemicals
Gymnastics
noun: exercises using bars, rings, or horses
Lame
adj: walking unevenly due to injury; unconvincing
Stun
verb: to shock sb
Suburb
noun: residential area at the edge of large city adj: suburban
Commute
verb: to travel regularly between places noun: travelling
Misdemeanor
noun: a minor wrongdoing
Contaminate
verb: to pollute sth; noun: contaminants
Deputy
noun: memeber of parliament
Prestige
noun: respect associated with high quality adj: prestigious
Denounce
verb: to criticize sth publicily; to announce the termination of agreement
Drench
verb: to soak sth or sb
Amalgam
noun: mixture; fillings used for cavity
Petition
noun: a demand for actions with signatures noun: appeal verb: to make demand through petition
Soar
verb: to increase
Bear
verb: to tolerate; to support sth; to accept sth as responsibility
Fuzzy
adj: covered with hairs; blurred; not clearly
Havoc
noun: chaos; devastation
Clutter
noun: untidy stuff
Hefty
adj: powerful built; heavy; expensive; larger than usual
Splurge
verb: to indulge in sth expensive
Latte
noun: coffee with milk
Trike
noun: a 3-wheeled vehicle
Hog
noun: a grown up pig; slang: a large motorcycle
Stumble
verb: walk unevenly; make minor error noun: a mistake
Pinch
verb: to grip sth b/w fingers and thumb; too tight to part of body; to impse financial hardship informal: to steal; to arrest sb
Siege
noun: military operation; prolonged period to gain or overcome sth
Alzhemier
noun: medical disorder causing dementia
Ostracize
verb: to exclude sb from society
Sanction
noun: offical permission; support; penalty
Swab
noun: offical permission; support; penalty
Microchip
noun: electronics
in Unison
noun: in perfect agreement or harmony
Endeavor
noun: effort verb: try hard to do sth
Perpetrate
verb: to commit a crime noun: perpetrator - a person who commit a crime
Gear
noun: fixed transmission setting in vehicle informal: equipment; clothing
Osteoporosis
noun: bone disease in women after menopause
Scrutiny
noun: careful inspection; observation
Amid
prep: surrounded by thing; while sth are also happening
Mozzarella
noun: white unsalted italian cheese used in pizza, salad
Quaint
adj: attractively old fashioned
Expedite
verb: to speed up the progress of sth
Strive
verb: to try hard to get sth; to oppose sth; to compete
Susceptible
adj: easily affected; emotional; capable of sth
Tout
verb: to praise sth/sb; to attract customers; to sell sth
Augment
verb: to increase
Transmission
noun: mechanism transferring power to wheels
Revelation
noun: disclosure
Appease
verb: to satisfy the need; to do sth in order to make sb less angry
Overwhelm
verb: to affect sb emotionally; to supply sb with excessive amount of sth
Manicure
noun: hands and nails treatment
Notorious
adj: known for bad thing
Stiff
adj: rigid; painful; severe; forceful; strong; too high prices
Dermabrasion
noun: surgery to remove scars on the skins
Resurrect
verb: to raise sb from dead; to bring back sth into use which has been discarded
Upscale
adj: expensive designed for wealthy customers (upmarket)
Clumsy
adj: moving awkwardly
Collision
noun: crash
Ethanol
noun: liquid in alcoholic beverages
Inadvertent
adj: careless
Wary
adj: cautious; showing suspicion
Stigmatize
verb: to label as socially undesirable
World class
adj: Ranked among the best in the world
Ambivalent
adj: unsure
Fitful
adj: starting and stopping irregularly
Sporadic
adj: occuring irregularly
Pending
adj: not yet dealt with or decided; waiting for
Unprecedented
adj: having no earlier equivalent
Demote
verb: to reduce sb's ranking
Adapt
verb: to change to meet requirements
Grasp
verb: to hold sth
Elite
noun: powerful and wealthy minority; adj: richest and best
Recitation
noun: reading aloud from memory
verb: recite
Vigil
noun: festival eve in prayer; period spent in night to do e.g. praying
Collaborate
verb: to work with others
Farce
noun: ridiculous situation
Flaw
noun: physical mark that prevent perfection; mistake in documents
Diminutive
adj: very small noun
Hammer
noun: pounding tool verb: to force sth into; to criticize sth; to defeat sb largely
Orbit
noun: path for planet in space to move around
Stink
verb: to smell horrible; to be worthless; to be corrupt
Statue
noun: 3-dimensional image
Within walking distance
phrase: very short distance
Peeling off
verb: to remove the outer layer
Suppress
verb: to prevent sth; to stop sth
Embody
verb: to make sth tangible; to incorporate sth into organized; to personify sth
Overdrive
noun: state of excessive activity; the highest engine gear verb: to drive sth too harsh
Cochineal
noun: state of excessive activity; the highest engine gear verb: to drive sth too harsh
Martyr
noun: somebody who makes sacrifices to die rather than deny to a held belief
Rhetoric
noun: persuasive speech or writing
Contend
verb: to state sth to claim sth as truth to debate sth
Contemplate
verb: to consider sth thoughtfully
Guerrilla
noun: irregular solider
Hippie
noun: unconventional young person of the 1960s
Debut
noun: a person' first appearance at public as performer on stage verb: to make first formal public appearance
Commemorate
verb: to keep sth in person's mind; to remind people of sb/sth
Disarm
verb: to give up weapons and arm forces; force another nation to do this
Botch
verb: to do sth very badly; noun: badly done work
Spruce
verb: to make place or person neat and cleaner
Beige
noun: very pale brown
Counter-top
noun: upper surface of counter
Granite
noun: rocks for building; toughness
Realtor
noun: estate agent
Pornography
noun: sexually explicit material
Delicacy
noun: rare and delicious and high priced food
Mannequin
noun: dummy life-size model to display clothes
Savor
noun: enjoyment; verb: to enjoy sth unhurriedly
Perpetuate
verb: to make sth last for long time
Foie Gras
noun: fatted goose liver
Eerie
adj: unusual way connnected with supernatural
Counter-intuitive
adj: contray to expectation
Sluggish
adj: lack of alertness or energy
State-of-the-art
noun: most advanced level of technology
Mesmerize
verb: to absorb sb's attention
Epidemic
noun: fast spreading disease; rapid development adj: spreading rapidly
Flux
noun: constant change and stability
Propaganda
noun: misleading publicity
Cleric
noun: member of clergy at church
Eye popping
adj: amazing
Metabolism
noun: life sustaining chemical activity
Skew
verb: to distort sth
Turnaround
noun: major improvement in a badly situation
Savvy
noun: good at common sense; judging people or situations
Foul play
noun: criminal violence
Homicides
noun: killing of ppl illegally
Red flag
noun: anger/violence; warning signal
Extraditon
noun: the process of returning sb accused of a crim by authority at one country to authority at different country
Sneak
verb: move around secretive way
Fracture
noun: bone breaking
Slay
verb: to kill; slain (past tense)
Medicare
noun: Canadain public health insurance scheme
Unequivocal
adj: unambiguous; no doubt
Sweatshop
noun: workplace with overworked and underpaid workers
Proliferate
verb: to increase greatly
Fly-by-night
adj: not creditworthy in business;
noun: a person who leaves without paying debts; a business with financial problems
Crutch
noun: walking aid used to keep person to walk; providing help or support
Frenzy
noun: out of control behaviour
Anonymity
noun: unnamed person
Cater
verb: to supply food and drink for social or business function
Coroner
noun: offical who investigates suspicious deaths
Toiletry
noun: product used for cleaning eg shampoo, soap
Uptick
noun: just small increase
Syrup
noun: sweet liquid for candy making
Gauge
verb: to calculate sth; to evaluate sth; noun: measurement; criterion
Deploy
verb: to put sth to use; to positon troops, weapons
Amble
adj: more than enough; large
Ripple
verb: to give sth wavy flow; noun: a series of waves
Pebble
noun: small round stones; crystal lens made from crystal rocks; irregular surface
Mundane
adj: ordinary; not unusual
Nosocomial
adj: disease or infection orginating in hospital
Recoup
verb: made up for loss
Pavilion
noun: outdoor structure; exhibition tent
Permeable
adj: allowing substances through
Philanthropy
noun: desire to benefit humanity
Drumbeat
noun: unending criticism
Brasserie
noun: restaurant serving drinks or food
Lavish
verb: to give sth generously; adj: generous; abundant
Bronchitis
noun: inflammation (swollen, redness) of lungs
Orthopedic
noun: relating to bone disorders
Revolutionize
verb: to change sth radically (largely)
Amend
verb: to correct sth; to revise legislation
Formidable
adj: difficult to deal with; frightened
Spectrum
noun: range of values
Exotic
adj: different; unusual
Falling short
phrase: lack of
Rundown
noun: review
Angiogram
noun: X-ray for blood vessels
Soggy
adj: wet
Catcall
noun: a shout expressing disapproval or dislike
Ascendency
noun: a powerful position
Colon
noun: digestive intestine; punctuation mark
Leukemia
noun: blood cancer
Wear out
verb: to exhaust; already use sth heavily for long time
Lip sync
verb: to match lip movement to recorded sound
Wrench
noun: act of leaving sb/sth that causes distress; sudden twist or pull; verb: to twist or pull sth violently
Hysterectomy
noun: an operation to remove woman's womb
Locomotive
noun: engine for railway; adj: moving from place to place
Arms race
noun: competition among nations for greater military
Discharge
verb: to dismiss sb; to release from prison or hospital; to pay debt in full amount; to shoot; to lose electricity from battey
Impediment
noun: obstacle
Defy
verb: to resist sb; challenge sth from authority
Dispel
verb: to get rid mind off sth especially an erroneous one
Quirk
noun: odd event adj: quirky
Brassiere
noun: bra; underwear
Euphemism
noun: use of less harsh, netural, vague and indirect words
Sag
verb: to fall in value; become weak
Persona
noun: assumed identity or role
Thrive
verb: to grow well; to do well
Bursting
noun: absolutely full; verb: to split or break
Angst
noun: anxiety; dread
Indulge
verb: to permit some treat noun: indulgence
Meditate
verb: to concentrate mind on sth
Android
noun: Human like robot
Deprivation
noun: state of poverty; taking away
Humanoid
noun: resembling human
Prostate cancer
noun - cancer of prostate
Fascism
noun: dictatorial movement
Hyper-cholesterolemia
noun: high level of cholesterol in blood
Amok
adj: lack of control
Racketeer
noun: person who make profit illegally
Ease
verb: to make easier; to relieve sth less intense noun: lack of difficulty; comfort
Utmost
noun: the greatest effort
Pragmatic
adj: concerned with practical results instead of theories and principles
Liberate
verb: to set sb free
Confer
verb: to give honour, title to sb
In a row
noun: consecutively
Shiite
noun: followers of Islam
Humble
verb: not confident; shy; modest
Meltdown
noun: state of anger; collapse of building
Stalk
verb: to follow sb secretly; to trouble sb steadily; to harass (keep bothering) sb
Lobby
noun: a group trying to influence policy;
verb: to attempt to persuade political representative
Unsolicited
adj: given, received or sent without request
Predominantly
adv: in a great number or amount
Acre
noun: unit of area
Ground zero
noun: point for nuclear explosion; center for activity; basic level
Bouquet
noun: a bunch of flowers; praise
Emblazon
verb: to add design on sth; to make sb famous
Morgue
noun: a place for dead bodies kept until they are identified
Wreath
noun: circular arrangement of flowers as memorial on the grave or a sign of honor
Vigorous
adj: very strong and active; energetic
Survelliance
noun: close watch
Lure
verb: to attract or persuade sb to do sth; noun: a device to attract fish
Stroll
verb: to walk unhurriedly; to perform sth effortlessly; noun: a leisure walk for pleasure
Hiccup
noun: sudden contraction of diaphragm informal: sudden setback to the sb's plan or arrangement
Footage
noun: a shot on videotape or a film on a particular event or scene; size in feet
Besiege
verb: crowd around by somebody in an oppressive way; surrounded by army to force surrender
Overhaul
verb: to check sth for mechanical faults; to repair machines extensively; revise sth thoroughly;
Exploit
verb: to take advantage of sb
Loopholes
noun: gap in law
Circumvent
verb: to avoid the restrictions without breaking the it
Impersonate
verb: to pretend as somebody illegally; to mimic the voice or act of others to entertain only
Pretext
noun: a made up excuse
Entangle
verb: to put sb in a difficult situation; to complicate sth; to make sth twisted up
Melanoma
noun: skin cancer
Deflate
verb: to let air out; make sb less confident;
Helium
noun: lighter-than-air gas for inflating balloon
High profile
noun: an important positon or presence in public
Fragile
adj: easily broken; not secure
Blimp
noun: small airship that uses helium rather than hydrogen to remain buoyant
Influenza
noun: widespread viral illness and symptoms like flu and usually in winter months.
Provocative
adj: making ppl angry or excited
Pandemic
noun: a widespread disease; adj: having wide spreading effect
Stem
verb: to stop sth from flowing; to stop sth up; noun: the main part which support the bud of plant
Recuperate
verb: to recover; to get back sth which is lost
Percolate
verb: to pass through filter; to pass through slowly
Pneumonia
noun: the inflammation of lung
Flu shot
noun: vaccine for flu
Rampage
noun: violent behavior
Trench coat
noun: raincoat with a belt
Hail
noun: pellet of ice; pouring down of sth harmful e.g missiles or insults
Debilitate
verb: to make sth or sb weak
Rifle
noun: long gun
Spur
verb: to encourage sb try harder; to make horses run faster; to go quickly noun: device attached to horse rider's heel
Strain
verb: to make extreme effort even painfully to do sth; to make the relationship less friendly; to injure sth; noun: stress; physical injury
Windfall
noun: a lump sum money obtained unexpectedly
Prosthesis
noun: artifical body part;
Maneuver
noun: skilled movement; military movement
Bionic
adj: having electronically powered organs that give superman capabilities
Amputate
verb: to cut off the part of body noun (amputee): a person with limb (either arms or legs) cut off
Lawn mower
noun: a machine for cutting grass
Candid
noun: unposed photograph

adj: in a honest and direct way that ppl find either refreshing or disguisting; informally photographed
Recrimination
noun: accusing sb in return
Cutting edge
noun: the most advanced stage
Disgruntle
verb: to irritate sb
Tenure
noun: length of time which position is occupied; property rights
Solicit
verb: to ask for sth; to plead for sth
Undue
adj: excessive or inappropriate; not payable now
Disseminate
verb: to spread
Symbiosis
noun: mutually beneficial relationship adj: symbiotic
Manifest
adj: obvious;
verb: to demonstrate sth very clearly
Analogous
adj: similar
noun: analogy
Outpace
verb: to do or go faster than others
Restorative
adj: giving new strength
Surpass
verb: exceed expectations; to do better than sb else
Ward off
verb: to repel sth; to keep away the bad thing
After-math
noun: period following the bad event
Sentiment
noun: opinion among a group of ppl; underlying feeling
Stagnant
adj: not developing; inactive
Haggle
verb: try to settle on price
Milestone
noun: an important event in the history or sb's life
Enamored
adj: in love with sb; fascinated by sb or sth
Haunt
verb: to cause sb unease, worry by the unpleasant reminders noun: a place which often visits; ghost
Logging
noun: the job of felling, trimming and transporting the trees
Confide
verb: to tell sb secret noun - confider
Hijack
verb: to seize transportation; to stop vehicle to rob it;
Underlying
adj: lying underneath; hidden and significant; essential; financially most important
Maxim
noun: general principle or rule
Mystiques
noun: mysterious quality or air
Pursuit
noun: chase after sth in order to catch or attack; hobby; efforts made to achieve or obtain sth
Articulate
verb: to speak clearly; speak intelligently
Inculcate
verb: to fix sth in sb's mind through forceful and repetitive approach
Belittle
verb: to make sth seem less significant or important
Tackle
verb: to undertake project which needs effort; to confront sb about some difficult situation;
Arm's length
adj: without close relationship
Penchant
noun: strong liking or tendancy for sth
Figurine
noun: a small figure often of ceramic or metal
Premature
adj - born too early; happening too soon
Yankee
noun - sb from united states;
Go into labor
verb - to give the birth of baby
Translucent
adj - letting light through; glowing
Prognosis
noun - the opinion on cause of disease; prediction about how a situation will develop
Preemie
noun - a premature baby
Ventilation
noun - circulation of air
Anguish
adj - extremely anixety
verb - to cause sb anxious
Amish
noun - members of US Protestant group who migrated from Europe to North America
Soprano
noun - the highest singing voice; musical instrument with highest pitch
Indictment
noun - accusation of serious crime
Emulate
verb - compete successfully with sb or sth
Bona fide
adj - authentic and genuine; honest and sincere
Setback
noun - sth that delays the progress
Crate
noun - a box used to store or carry objects
Voyage
noun - long trip through space or by sea
Pilfer
verb - to steal small things habitually
noun - pilferage
Intermodal
adj - transportable by various means
noun - freight container
Virtue
noun: the quality that is morally good

adj: virtueless
Modest
adj: shy; reasonable; simple
Thwart
verb: to prevent sth from succeed; to place sth across another
adj: thwarted - being across sth
Intransigent
adj: stubborn
noun - intransigence: a stubborn person who refuse to compromise or change
Seamless
adj: very smooth continuity
Open up
verb: to become accessible to a wide range of people; to start the business; to speak freely
Strive
verb: to try hard to achieve sth; to compete sth
Comprise
verb: to include sth; to be made up of sth
Rollout
noun: showing the new product in public at the first time
Alignment
noun: linear or orderly arrangement; correct positioning for proper performance
Global sourcing
noun: setting up production operations in different countries;

noun: buying and assembling parts and finished products worldwide
Surge
verb: to increase suddenly; to move like waves suddenly;

noun: a large forward movement like waves; a sudden intense emotion that rush sb
Binge
verb: to eat too much; to be unrestrained self-indulgent with sth eg. stay all day and binge on movies

noun: heavy eating and drinking; time which sth is done unrestrainely eg. a shopping binge
Accelerate
verb: to move faster; to develop faster
Intra-firm
noun: within the firm
Inter-firm
noun: between or among two or more firms
Disperse
verb: to scatter to different directions; to distribute widely; to disappear
Adopt
verb: to legally raise a child of another biological parents; to choose and use sth;
Account for
verb: to be responsible for sth; to explain sth
MNE
Multinational enterprise
Prohibitive
adj: too expensive for most people; forbidding sb from doing sth
Obsolete
adj: out of date; not used anymore
Vermicelli
noun: very thin pasta
Cite
verb: to quote sth
Woe
noun: misfortune; grief
Mitigate
verb: to excuse the crime; to make sth less harsh or severe
Landscape
noun: visually scenery; general situation of an activity

verb: to make the land look better (usually passive)
Enforce
verb: to make people obey sth; to impose sth; to strengthen sth
Lax
adj: not strict; not tense; with tendency to diarrhea
Sarbanes Oxley
noun: new legistlation for stricting the corporate governance
Slump
verb: to decline suddenly and heavily in value; to sink and fall suddenly and heavily
Far-flung
adj: widespread
Spike
noun: sharply increase; the sharp point; a point at the graph which a sharp rise follows right after the sharp fall
Likewise
adv: similarly; also
Divergent
adj: moving apart; differing
Burdensome
adj: difficult to deal with
Iterative
adj: repetitive
Configuration
noun: computer system's set up; particular arrangement of parts and components
Bridge gaps
phrase: to fill in the gaps
Autonomous
adj: self-governing; able to work independently; self-sufficient
At stake
phrase: at risk of being lost
Stake
noun: a share or interest of sth; verb: to risk of losing sth; to bet sth on gambling
Procure
verb: to acquire sth by effort
Leading edge
noun: the most advanced position
Call for
verb: to need; to suggest sht that is likely to happen;
Fragment
noun: broken pieces;
verb: to break up into small pieces;
OEM
noun: Orginal equipment manufacturer - customizer which resell another company's products by building up their own band name and warranty services.
BPO
noun: Business process offshore - outsourcing provider
Captive
noun: prisoner; sb dominated by emotion
Gauge
verb: to calculate sth; to evaluate sth; to ensure conformity to standard
Accommodate
verb: to give sufficient space to sb to stay; to allow for sth without major change.
Attrition
noun: loss of personnel through retirement or resignation
Staggering
adj: amazing with effect of shock
Scrambled Egg
noun: cooked beaten egg with milk
Over Easy (egg)
noun: fried two-sides of egg without beating
Sunnyside up
noun: fried one side of egg without beating
Poached egg
noun: open the shell and put the egg into the water to boil
Soft-boiled egg
noun: put the egg with shell into water to boil
Detergent
noun: cleaner; dishwashing liquid; cleansing agent
Ceramic
noun: hard fired clay
Fabrication
noun: invented statement, story or account with intent to deceive
Potent
adj: strong and effective; powerfully persuasive
Arbitrage
noun: simultaneous buying and selling
Cuisine
noun: style of cooking with high quality; range of food
Gorgeous
adj: beautiful
Relish
noun: pickles or vegetables with sweet and spicy favour
Deli
noun: store specializing in making sandwiches.
Split the bills
verb: to separate the bills
Emerging market
noun: national market that is at the early stage of development
Legacy
noun: money left in a will; sth from the past


adj: outdated; discontinued
Surfeit
noun: excessive number that sickened people or get bored
Paucity
noun: lack of sth
Diaspora
noun: widely distribution of of people, culture or language that is initially concentrated in one place
Emigrant
noun: person who moves to another country
Flagship
noun: the most important one among a group of similar things
Eye-catching
adj: attracting people's attention easily
Sparse
adj: thinly spread
Panorama
noun: comprehensive survey; 360 degree view
Amenable
adj: willing to cooperate; able to be affected;
Generalist
noun: sb who knows the things in many areas but not with speciality
Extrapolate
verb: to estimate the values; to infer from some know facts into a conclusion on some unknown things
Deter
verb: to prevent sth from happening
noun: deterrent
Odd
noun: the probability of sth that will happen;

At odd with sth or sb: having conflict or disagreement with sb or sb
Outnumber
verb: to be more than another group of things
Beget
verb: to cause
Sidetrack
verb: to distract
noun: diversion
Agglomerate
verb: to gather or form sth in mass
noun: a mass collection
Herd
noun: a large group of people
verb: to gather together and go somewhere as a group
Calorie
noun: unit of energy
Preserve
verb: to maintain sth; to protect sth from destroying; to keep food from decay by drying, salting etc
Tantamount
adj: equivalent to a particular thing in effect
Divestitures
noun: dispossession; sale of property
Underscore
verb: to emphasis sth
Mind set
noun: a set of beliefs that affect sb's behaviour
Baseline
noun: measuring line; standard of value that used to compare similiar things
Outset
noun: start or initial stage
Cede
verb: to surrender sth
Relinquish
verb: to let go of sth; to cede sth
Preclude
verb: to prevent sth from happening; to exclude
Deteriorate
verb: to destroy the quality, or value
Adhere to
verb: to support or obey on sth
noun: in adherence to
Embed
verb: to fix sth in mind; to be surrounded or covered by sth
Recourse
noun: source of help; right to claim the payment
Conspire
verb: to plan with sb secretly to commit illegal act
Frog
noun: small water animal
Cutthroat
adj: aggressive for superiority
Penetrate
verb: to pass through or spread through sth; to understand sth;
Affix
verb: to add sth at the end; to attribute responsiblity or blame to sb

noun: attachment to sth
Avail
verb: avail (yourself) of (sth) - means make yourself to use of sth useful
Take on
verb: to hire sb; to undertake the project; to oppose sb
Requisite
adj: required (formal)
Amid
prep: amid + (noun)
means surounded by sth or during sth happening

eg the small lakes amid (the hills)
Ferocious
adj: aggressive; fierce; very intense
Renminbi
noun: the chinese currency
Compelling
adj: attracting strong attention and interest

or

adj: strongly making sb to do sth
Counterpart
noun: matching part that fit together; sth that function similarly
Prod
verb: to encourage sb to take action; to poke sb with finger or elbow
Omnipresent
adj: found everywhere
Take off
verb: to remove clothing; to stop sth operating; to deduct amount or price; to begin flying; to leave or to succeed (informal)
Bog down
verb: to slow sb's progress
Erratic
adf: inconsistent; always changing direction
In place
adv: ready to use
Activism
noun: aggressiv action to pursue some political end
Snub
verb: to treat sb rudely;
noun: humiliating action
Dedicated
adj: devoted or committed to one goal or one job
Throughput
noun: volume of data or material handled over a given period of time
Hindsight
noun: understanding or judge to sth after it has occured
Fallout
noun: undesirable consequences result from a situation or event
Slippage
noun: decline in quality, performance; slip from stable position
Pitfall
noun: potential diaster
Hassle
noun: difficulty
verb: bothering or annoying sb
High-end
adj: sophisticated or expensive
Aspire
Aspire + to + sth

verb: to seek to attain or achieve sth
Rebound
verb: to recover from setback; to move back to previous high level
Grasp
verb: to hold sth; to understand sth; to take the opportunity
Concede
verb: to accept sth as truth reluctantly; admit failure before end; grant rights to sb
Imperative
adj: necessary
Stellar
adj: exceptionally good; involving famous ppl
Slip
verb:
1. to lose footing on a slippery surface;
2. move accidentally out of proper position;
3. forgot sth from the mind;
4. go quietly;
5. pass sth to sb secretly; to decline from previous high performance
Amplify
verb:
1. to make sound louder;
2. to make sth stronger and larger;
3. to make sth clearer and more detailed
Rosy
adj:
1. rose coloured
2. likely successfully
3. too optimistic
Migrate
verb: to move from place to place
Stand-alone
adj: operating independently
Merely
adv: only
Suite
noun: set of rooms in the hotel; a set of matching furniture or software or music works
Middleware
noun: software connecting clients and database
Ancillary
adj: providing support; in a position lesser of importance
Relentless
adj: ceaseless and intense; persistently hostile to sth
Pivotal
adj: vitally important in determining the outcome of sth;
Laurel
noun: honour for achievement; wreath of leaves as mark of victory

verb: to give sb the award
Preoccupation
noun: constant thought about sth; persistent interest in sth
Market penetration
noun: the degree of success in the market
Nitty-gritty
adj: basic but important; very practical
Down-to-earth
adj: very practical and realistic
Glove compartment
noun: a small storage space in the dashboard of car
Odometer
noun: distance recording device at the dashboard of car
Malfunction
verb: to fail to perform properly
Outage
noun: temporary loss of power
Permissible
adj: permitted or allowed
Endure
verb: bear hardship
oblivious
adj: unaware; forgetting
terrain
noun: land or countryside
excavation
noun: act of digging out
initiative
noun: ability to act on your own; taking the first step of process; a plan
dyfunctional
adj: relating badly; not performing as expected; unable to function reguarly as a result of disease
notwithstanding
prep: in spite of;
1. used after the object
eg. the lack of catalog notwithstanding, it was a very interesting exhibit

2. used as conjunction eg. notwithstanding they were angry, they should not react so violently
overrun
verb: to exceed the limit; to spread rapidly; to conquer the enemy and its territory
conquer
verb: to take control of a place; to defeat the enemy; to master difficulty or problem; to win ppl's admiration
Swamp
noun: wetland

verb: to overwhelm sb
Scrap
verb: to get rid of sth;

noun: fragment; waste material
falter
verb: to speak and act with hesitation and lack of confidence
conceivable
adj: believable
aspiration
noun: ambition to achieve sth
Expedite
verb: to deal with sth quickly and efficiently
Undermine
verb: to weaken sth; to erode sth
bypass
verb: to avoid a place by travelling around it; to avoid sth by using alternative method; to avoid standard procedures

noun: a new road built to reduce the traffic around the center; a surgery to make a new route for blood
thereby
adverb: becasue of that
troubleshoot
verb: to find and solve the problem actively
roadblock
noun: obstacle; a barrier across the road to allow police to stop vehicles and question the drivers
stumble
verb: to trip over the foot and fall down; to speak or act hestitating; to make a minor mistake
cherry pick
verb: to select only the best
entice
verb: to make sb to do sth by offering sth desirable
mesh
verb: to fit together

noun: material like net
finger pointing
noun: to blame to each other instead of taking responsiblity
in the hope that

or

in hope of doing sth
phase: wish
cultivate
verb: to prepare land for crops; to improve and develop sth
phase out
verb: to end sth gradually
dismantle
verb: to break sth down and make it stop working;
Judicious
adj: sensible and wise
Reap
verb: to obtain sth as a result of previous effort
Advent
noun: arrival of sth important
curb
noun: edge of street; edge of lawn; set the limitation
Brief
verb: to summarize sth
put on hold
phrase: to hold sth without continuation
glitch
noun: a small technical problem
inbound
adj: incoming; arriving toward
keep sth in line with sth
adj: keep two things aligned with each other
contentious
adj: creating disagreement
feat
noun: remarkable act involving courage and effort
feat
noun: remarkable act involving courage and effort
at the expense of sth
phrase: cost sth in return for another thing
side by side
phrase: one to to
best practice
noun: doing the best among a group of similar things
devise
verb: to figure out how an idea will work out
churn
noun: butter maker

verb: to make butter; to move sth violently; to trade sth frequently for more commissions
follow suit
phrase: to do sth the same as sb have done
pamper
verb: to fullfill a desire or need
insurmountable
adj: too large to overcome
a heck of
adj: a lot of
contraband
noun: illegal trade
illicit
adj: illegal
traffics / trafficked
verb: to trade illegally; to deal with or exchange with sb for sth
loom
verb: to be seen as large shape; to be about to happen

noun: a weaving device or machine
Lip service
noun: support that is insinere as it isn't followed by appropriate actions
patio
noun: paved area ajoining house used for outdoor dining or recreation
forge
verb: to establish sth through effort; move forward; to copy sth illegally

noun: furnace used for heating metal
camaraderie
noun: friendship
profile
verb: to write short account of biography for sb; analyze sb;

noun: short biography of sb; shor description for sb
overriding
adj: the most important
candid
adj: in a direct and honest way that ppl find either refreshing or disguisting
glean
verb: to accumulate sth over a period of time
impartial
adj: not biased

noun - impartiality
poised
adj: ready to act; ready to move; calm and self-assured;
helm
noun: apparatus used to steer the ship; a position of leadership within organization

verb: to direct sth
tender offer
noun: finance offer for buying many shares to gain the control of a company
in-situ
adj: in its natural and original place
Grandiose
adj: complex and unrealistic; impressive
Spare
verb: to avoid / refrain sth; to afford sth
Highfalutin
adj: displaying rich and wealth just designed to impress ppl only
inept
adj: unable to handle job

noun: ineptitude
stratospheric
adj: extremely high
Cathedral
noun: refer to a very large and important church;

adj: related to bishop; made by bishop
bishop
noun: a senior christan cleric
curator
noun: refer to head of museum or exhibition organizer
uncanny
adj: eerie (ie seem too strange or unlikely to seem natural
predicament
noun: difficult situation which seems there is no clear way out
showcase
verb: to present sth for getting attention and admiration
plumber
noun: sb who fixes and installs the pipes
scold
verb: to tell sb off
impound
verb: to keep sth in legal custody
infraction
noun: failure to obey the law
Complete stop vs rolling stop
noun: stop completely vs stop partially
plaque
noun: food residues that build on the surface of teeth
extract
verb: to remove the teeth
cavity
noun: tooth decay
dull
verb: to reduce the loudness; to reduce the sensitivity to pain; casue deaden feeling
anesthetic
noun: substance that dull the sensitivity to pain
alloy
noun: refer to the mixture of metals
tumble
verb: to decrease quickly; to move hastily; to experience defeat
Boisterous
adj: noisy and energetic
shed
verb: to get rid of sth unwanted; to cause sth to flow;

noun: open building used for storage
ally
noun: member of alliance;

verb: to join in supportive assocation
buoy
verb: to keep sth up

noun: floating signal at sea for warning the danger
vine
noun: climbling plant
literally
adv: strictly adhering to basic meaning; used to show sth that is not exaggerated;
jeopardize
verb: to put sth or sb at risk of being lost, harmed or killed
stall
verb: to stop making progress; to delay sth
ratify
verb: to formally approve sth
pact
noun: mutual agreement
Divulge
verb: to reveal sth that was previously secret
denounce
verb: to critize sb publicly; to announce of termination of agreement
outrage
noun: intense anager; violent act

verb: to make sb angry
detain
verb: to delay progress
raid
noun: sudden attack by soliders; an attempt to hire competitors' ppl
strip mall
noun: a very long building, separating into many stores and businesses inside
Gratification
noun: satisifcation
well-stocked store
adj: refering to store which has sufficient amount of stock with variety of choice to customers to choose
ramifications
noun: complicating result which make the desired result difficult to achieve
forfeit
noun: giving sth up; sth was taken away as penalty
dub
verb: to give sb a nickname
massacre
noun: killing of many people
stampede
noun: sudden rush of many people all doing sth or wanting sth at the same time
demise
noun: death; the end of sth
immensely
adv: to a huge degree or extent
repatriation
noun: to send sb back to its own country; to send money back to its owners
immobilizer
noun: an electronic device attached to vehicle that stops the vehicle from working and prevent from being stolen
sublime
adj: beautiful; impressive;

verb: to convert solid substance into gas
miscreant
noun: sb who behave in a dishonest way
launder
verb: to make money appear legal in order to disguise its illegal origin

verb: to be able to be washed well
enliven
verb: to make sth brighter and cheerful

verb: to make sb feel more lively
embezzle
verb: to misuse other ppl's money and property without their permission
disgorge
verb: to pour sth out; let a large no. of ppl out of building or vehicle at the same time
extort
verb: to obain sth through force, threat
impair
verb: to weaken the quality and effectiveness of sth
advocate
verb: to support or speak in favor of sth
decree
noun: official order; court ruling

verb: to issue official order to effect sth
deforest
verb: to remove trees from land
bequeath
verb: to leave sth to sb after death in will
legendary
adj: very famous; belonging to legend
scrutinize
verb: to observe or examine sth very closely
jettison
verb: to reject; to throw away sth from ship or vehicle
enrage
verb: to make sb very angry
oenophile
noun: lover of or expert of wine
scooter
noun: wheeled toy; light motocycle
culminate
verb: finish sth spectacularly; to have sth at highest point
notorious
adj: well known for sth bad
ignition
noun: a mechanism used to ignite (fire) the fuel and start the engine
hypocrisy
noun: a false claim to have admirable belief but just pretend to have
untenable
adj: lack of quality like sound reasoning to defend
Avalanche
noun: downhill fall of snow; overwhelming quantity of sth;

verb: fall down a large number of quantity of sth
shovel
noun: long handled scoop for lifting loose things e.g. snow

verb: to use shovel to lift and clear loose things
blizzard
noun: heavy snowstorm
daffodil
noun: springtime plant with trumpet shaped flowers
mow
verb: to cut grass
meadow
noun: grassy field
record breaking
adj: best ever (going beyond the previous record)
hybrid
noun: animals or plants resulting from crossing the species; vehicles with an engine which can run on either electricty or gasoline or
paradigm
noun: a typical example; an example that set the basis or model of sth
stunt
verb: to restrict the growth of sth;

noun: sth that is not fully developed yet; sth that is underhanded done for getting advantage or attention
janitor
noun: cleaning and maintenance person
amend
verb: to correct sth; to revise some legislation; to behave better than before
infertile
adj: unable to give birth of baby (i.e. sterile)
pit
noun: hard seed of a fruit; big hole in ground; a blemish on the surface (esp the small scar left)
landmine
noun: explosive device that is hidden under the ground; a trap that is difficult to see
disparity
noun: lack of equality; dissimilarity
insurgent
noun: person which rebels the authority or government;
ammunition
noun: missiles or bullets or explosive device
wind up
verb: to finish; to end up sth; to make sb intense
tenuous
adj: weak and unconvicing
prevail
verb: to prove be stronger; to win through sth; to predominate sth
scuffle
noun: a disorderly fight;

verb: to fight disorderly
embroil
verb: to involve sth in trouble or conflicit; make sth confused
morass
noun: a frustrating and confused situation that prevent progress; refer to soggy ground that is difficult to walk
grim
adj: unpleasant;
brunt
noun: the main effect of sth; the main burden of sth
twice as likely as sth
verb: double
synchronize
verb: to make it work at the same time or at the same rate; to set the watches the same time; to make the sound match up with action of video
abolition
noun: end of slavery; act of outlawing sth(cancell some law)
cursory
adj: very quick
lounge
noun: public room for relaxing

verb: to sit relaxedly or to pass time relaxedly
ordeal
noun: a very difficult experience lasting very long time
demeanor
noun: a person's behavior that reflects the character
budge
verb: to move sth with a lot of effort and difficulty; to change own opinion
taunt
verb: to ridicule or tease sth in a hurtful way
displace
verb: to move sth from usual place; to force sb to leave; replace sth or sb
coalition
noun: political alliance; merging into one single entity
notion
noun: an idea; opinion; concept; desire
siphon
verb: to transfer liquid from containter to container through tube

noun: bent tube or piple to transfer liquid
repudiate
verb: to disapprove formally; to reject sth; to deny sth
revoke
verb: to cancell sth formally; to call sb back from exile or from overseas
bolster
verb: to strengthen sth through support; to keep sth raised

noun: a long pillow to support
emblazon
verb: to add design to sth such as more colour; to decorate shield or flag
fluke
noun: accidental success; a successful shot in billiard (i.e. snooker)that happens by accident
colorectal
adj: relating to colon (large part of intestine) and rectum (lower part of intestine)
plateau
noun: flat ground; stable phrase

verb: reach at a stable phrase after a period of development
qualm
noun: an unease feeling about misgiving an action or conduct; sick feeling
misgivings
noun: feeling of doubt about an action

(usually in plural form)
console
verb: comfort

noun: control panel; device that connected to TV for playing game; cabinet for TV stero
Polyps
noun: sth growth on skin or inside the body but they are benign(ie not harmful to body, not cause cancer)
autopsy
noun: examination to find the cause of death
cringe
verb: to move away from sth quickly; to react to sth with embrassment
preliminary
noun: introductory / preparatory for activity; introductory contest; preparatory examination; eliminatory contest
intoxicate
verb: to make sb drunk or stupefied (ie make sth unable to think properly) with drug or other substances
perplex
verb: to puzzle sb; to complicate sth
perplex
verb: to puzzle sb; to complicate sth
prerogative
noun: refer to privilage; superiority
traumatize
verb: to cause sb psychological damage; to physically injure sb
abduct
verb: to take sb away by force or threat
emancipate
verb: to set sb free; to free from restrictions
revamp
verb: to alter sth for better
Testimony
noun: evidence which a witness gives to court; proof which supports fact
worrisome
adj: causing worry
yardstick
noun: standard used to judge the success / quality / value of sth
draw on
verb: to use sth; to enter the later stage; to take in the cigarette; to withdraw money out
discern
verb: to see sth that is not very clear at the first time; to understand sth that is not very obvious at the first time
chomp
verb: to chew the food noisily with satisfaction;

noun: noise of big bite on food
torso
noun: refer to upper part of body not including head and arms esp for sculpture
lacerate
verb: to cut the skin and make irregular edge (esp biting by animals); to cause sb distress;
scavenger
noun: refer to animals which feed on dead animals, rotting flesh and discarded food

noun: refer to sb who look through discarded items in the hope of finding sth usable
abysmal
adj: horriable; very deep
scour
verb: to search for sth very carefully; to clean sth by rubbing;
wreckage
noun: the broken pieces left after sth is damaged or broken;

noun: refer to destruction of sth
loot
noun: refer to the crime of stealing ppl's goods and money;

verb: to steal ppl's goods and money during disorder time esp. wartime
defy
verb: to challenge authority by refusing to obey the order; to challenge sb; fail to explain sth
gale
noun: a strong wind

Gale-force: adj: very strong
despicable
adj: worthy of contempt (i.e. feeling of dislike or disguist sth)
crane
noun: lifting machine; a long-armed device for holding things

verb: to stretch the neck in order to see sth
heirloom
noun: refer to sth that are passed from one generation to next
confound
verb: to confuse (bewilder) sb; to make things worse; to frustrate sb; to mix up sth; to refute sth
snap
verb: to photograph sth or sb; to break sth with sharp noise; to take or grab sth qickly and suddenly;
fossil
noun: refer to remains of prehistoric animal or plants;
refer to sb who will not change; sth outdated
locust
noun: grasshopper
den
noun: room for relaxing; children's secret place to play; place of crime
sonar
noun: system for detecting underwater objects
bipartisan
adj: involving two political parties
maul
verb: to critize sb harshly; to injur sb by tearing the flesh
snout
noun: animal nose
tribute
noun: expression of gratitude and praise; refer to evidence to prove some good thing from sb
hemorrhage
noun: excessive bleeding; uncontrollable loss of sth valuable

verb: to bleed excessively; to lose massive valuable things
scoff
verb: to express the derision (contempt) about sb or sth
ranger
noun: refer to sb whose job is to oversea, protect the area of forest
abstinence
noun: restraint from indulging a desire of sth
far reaching
adj: having widely implications, effect and influences
unyielding
adj: stubborn; inflexible; rigid
cliche
noun: overused idea; overused expression or words
epic
noun: refer to long series of events characterized by adventures or struggles;
long narrative (telling a story) poem that celebrate the adventure of legendary hero
slash
verb: to reduce or cut sth greatly; to critize sb severely
bold
adj: fearless and adventurous
incandescent
adj: glowing with heat; shining; showing intense emotions esp. anger
stuntman
noun: a person whose job is to take place of movie actor in dangerous scene
retrofit
verb: to modify sth by adding new parts
eclipse
noun: loss of light; decline

verb: to become more successful and popular than others
scalp
noun: skin at the top of head;

verb: to resell sth for quick profit
puncture
noun: refer to small hole or wound

verb: to make a hole; ruin sb's confidence
carcass
noun: refer to dead body or remains of sth decayed or destroyed
cleft lip
noun: divided upper lip
fortify
verb: to make the place safer by adding more defence structure; to make sth or sb stronger; to add more ingredient to food to make it more flavor
metallic
adj: made of metal; taste of metal; sound of stuck metal; shiny; harsh and unpleasant in tone
slur
veeb: to speak sth indistinctly; to ignore sth; to perform music smoothly
matter of fact
noun: the actual fact that cannot be denied
subside
verb: to diminish in intensity; to drop to low level or bottom
alluring
adj: attractive and fascinating
enact
verb: to make sth law
restitution
noun: return of sth to owner; compensation for loss or damage; restoration
hoax
noun: deception;

verb: to deceive ppl
low key
adj: restrained and understated; darked tone in painting or photograph
confiscate
verb: to take sth away as legal penalty
furor
noun: angry; excitement
blink
verb: to close and reopen the eyes

verb: to flash on and off the light
sermon
noun: religious talk; long talk to teach how one should behave
theology
noun: study of religion
patina
noun: a thin green layer formed on copper or metal due to corrrosion
precocious
adj: mentally mature and advanced development at an unusaully young age
sanction
noun: penalty imposed for breaking rule; a measure from several countries to put pressure on a country

verb: officially to allow or approve sth
inundate
verb: to overwhelm; to flood a place with water
dysentery
noun: disease of lower intestine
daunt
verb: to frighten sb
withstand
verb: to be strong enought to stand up for sb or sth
silhouette
noun: sth dark on light background

verb: to make sth dark appear on light background
gastrointestinal
adj: relating to intestine and stomach
thyroid gland
noun: organ located on the neck responsible for managing the activity of metabolism
tarmac
noun: material used for surfacing the road
gourmet
noun: expert who enjoys and knows a lot about food and drink

adj: relating to high quality food
hypothermia
noun: very low body temperature
toddler
noun: child who age between one and three
manslaughter
noun: killing of sb without advanced planning
archive
noun: collection of documents for their historial interest
autism
noun: a disturbance on development on perception and language
paramour
noun: a person who fall in love with a married person
perish
verb: to die; to disappear
plead
verb: to beg for sth; to use some reasons as excuse; to answer gulity or not guity to the charge from court
craving
noun: a strong desire on sth
deprive
verb: to take sth away from sb
smear
verb: to spread sth on the surface of sth; to spread badly rumor over sb
fondue
noun: a dish for dipping food to the pot containg sauce
bestow
verb: to give or present sth
arthritis
noun: painful joint condition
ulcer
noun: internal and external sore
immutable
adj: unchanging or unchangable
siesta
noun: afternoon rest
psoriasis
noun: skin disease usually marked by red patches
hives
noun: skin itchy and swelling casued by allergy

same as urticaria
dermatologist
noun: doctor specialize in skin disease
immune
adj: resistent to disease
burgeon
verb: to produce new leaves and buds; to develop rapidly
intrigue
verb: to interst sb
thrifty
adj: very careful to use money
same as frugal
stingy
adj: ungenerous; very small and inadequate
chamomile
noun: leaves and flowers to make tea
dainty
adj: delicate and pretty
cesarean
noun: surgery of delivering a baby
(caesarean)
gestation period
noun: refer to the period which a baby is developed
lieutenant
noun: deputy (substitute of sb else or on behalf of sb else); navy officier; police officier; army officier
comrade
noun: friend; fellow member or solider
impetuous
adj: acting impulsively; violent
marijuana
noun: plants for drugs
mother to be
noun: pregnant woman
lenient
adj: not harsh
pliable
adj: flexible; easily influenced
brisk walking
noun: a quick walk
vertigo
noun: feeling of dizzy
chronic
adj: long term; having long term illness; be habitual
pledge
noun: a promise; a promise to donation; a recruit from university;
arena
noun: stadium (indoor and outdoor area surrounded by seating; scene for some activity taking place;
summit
noun: meeting with the heads of each country; refer to the highest point of sth esp for mountain
upheaval
noun: disturbance in social, policial and living conditons;
arable land
noun: refer to the lands suitable for cultivation (growing crops)
hepatitis
noun: inflammation of liver
eradicate
verb: to get rid of sth completely
polio
noun: disease affecting brain and spinal cord
undue
adj: excessive; beyond the limits; not payable now
bureau
noun: government department; organization
superb
adj: excellent; impressive in size and appearance
correspondent
noun: sb who are hired by news organization to prepare news report; sb who regularly deal with distant business
disinter
verb: to dig up body from grave; to expose sth hidden
nausea
noun: sick feeling on stomach that urges vomit
mutilate
verb: to destroy body part; ruin sth by removing important part of them
affluent
adj: wealthy
abscess
noun: cavity resulting from inflammation and bacteria infection
rarity
noun: rare object and event; infrequency
alienate
verb: to change sb unfriendly; to make sb feel isolated;
gallbladder
noun: small organ under the liver
to file suit
verb: to bring a case to a law court
laparoscopy
noun: examination for abdomen (ie body section including stomach, intestine
bile duct
noun: a tube carrying bile from gallbladder into small intestine

bile = green liquid from gallbladder
ailment
noun: mild illness or injury
mumbo jumbo
noun: refer to confusing tehnical jardon that is difficult to understand
retardation
noun: mental development disabilities
viable
adj: practical; able to grow; able to survive
triumph
noun: refer to success
preterm
adj: premature to be born
catty
adj: saying malicious (harmful or hurtful) thing about sb in a subtle way
wishy-washy
adj: unable to make firm decision or develop clear opinion
turmoil
noun: great confusion, disturbance
sociocultural
adj: relating to social and cultural things
backlash
noun: strong reverse reaction to event or trend
incompatible
adj: unable to cooperate with others; not suitable to be used together eg drugs; contradictory to each other
susceptible
adj: easily affected; capable of sth
incite
verb: to stir up feeling or provoke action from sb
retaliate
verb: to hurt sb in return for the
lobby
noun: group inflencing the policy

verb: to persuade influential person or political representative to support or oppose some policy
moratorium
noun: allowed period of delay or allowed delay in meeting obligation
prompt
adj: done immediately;
verb: cause sb to act; cause sb to happen; remind sb;
nuke
verb: to use nuclear weapons against enemy (slang)
diplomatic representative
noun: high rank official sent by one country to another country
incapacitate
verb: to deprive sb of power and force; to officially rule sb out (ie disqualify sb)
vermin
noun: destructive animals or insects eg rats, cockroaches
sober
adj: not intoxicated; tending not to drink; serious
debilitate
verb: make sth or sb weak
cardiac arrest
noun: heart attack
caveat
noun: sth said as warning, caution
resuscitate
verb: to revive sb from unconsciousness;
electrocute
verb: to injure or kill by electric shock
flummox
verb: to make sb confused and perplexed (informal)
potent
adj: strong and effective
steroid
noun: a large group of natural fatty substances
expedition
noun: a trip group by people for exploring unknown territory, doing scientific research etc
subpoena
noun: a legal order requiring evidence to be submitted to court or summoning sb as witness;

verb: summon sb as witness or requir to submit sth as evidence
contingent
adj: possible but not certain; depending on what may happen
disarmament
noun: giving up weapons
extramarital affair
noun: involving sexual relation with another person rather than the married partner
sterile
adj: free from bacteria; unable to become pregnant
slur
verb: to speak unclearly; to insult sb;
noun: insult; indistinct pronunciation
upholster
verb: to equip furniture such as chair, couch, with stuffing, cushion, fabric
magistrate
noun: lower court judge who is limited to minor crimes and preliminary hearing of some more serious crimes
imminent
adj: about to occur; threatening to occur
fuzzy
adj: covered by fine hairs and fabric

adj: blurred and not clear to be seen and heard
migraine
noun: serious headache for one side of head
syndication
noun: group of business; group of agency sell new stories or news to media
inmate
noun: a person who is sent to prison or psychiatric hospital
rampage
noun: violent behaviour
verb: to act violently
grudge
verb: to give reluctantly
noun: resentment
clog
verb: to block sth with dust and dirt; to block the movement
lockdown
noun: locking people in an indoor space for safety; locking the computer from being stolen
barricade
noun: defensive barrier that block the route
debauchery
noun: immoral behaviour
entrust
verb: to give sth to sb to be responsible for
reckless
adj: without thinking about the danger
punitive
adj: relating to punishment; casuing hardship
rally
noun: large meeting; major recovery or improvement; reassembly of troops
appease
verb: to say or do sth to make ppl less angry (pacify); to satify the need
subdued
adj: not bright, loud, intense
convention
noun: gathering of many people with common interest; formal aggreement; meeting to select candidates
tang