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73 Cards in this Set

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A key concept in the Poetics of Aristotle that explains why representations of suffering and death in drama paradoxically leave the audience feeling relieved rather than depressed.
Catharsis
The struggle of a protagonist, or main character, with forces that threaten to destroy him or her
Conflict
in greek tragedy arrogance resulting from extreme pride
Hubris
Creon in Antigone
A series of events in a story or drama that bear significant relationship to eachother
Plot
Writing in a comic mode that holds a subject up to scorn and ridicule, often w purpose of correcting human faults
Satire
Modest Proposal
The statement or underlying idea of a literary work, advanced thru the concretre elements of character, action, and setting
Theme
A narrative in verse or prose, in which abstract qualities are presonified as characters... CORRISPONDENCE BETWEEN WHAT IS REALLY HAPPENING AND THE LESSON OR MEANING
allegory
Character in the story, play, or narrative who stands in opposition to the hero
Antagonist
Means of presenting and developing a character, shown thru the author's description, the characters actions or thoughts or other characters actions or thoughts
characterization
The associative and suggestive meanings of a word in cotrast to its literal meaning.
connotation
The choice of words in a literary work
Diction
A sudden realization, showing forth, sudden manifestation
Epiphany
The person or intelligence a writer of fiction creates to tell the story to the reader
Point of VIEW
Story is told by someone who identifies him or herself as "I"... often the main character
FIRST PERSON
Story is told by someone who is not a participant in the action and refers to the characters by name or as he she and they
THIRD PERSON
A variation on the third person where the narrator knows everything about the characters and events, can move about in time and place as well as from character to caracter and can enter mind of characters
Omniscent
Another variation on the third person where narrative elements are limited to what a single character sees thinks and hears
CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE
How many possible points of view are there?
4
The place, time, and social context in which a work occurs
setting
attitude embodied in the language a writer chooses
tone
A group of masked dancers who chanted lyric hymns at religious festivals in ancient greece. In plays of Sophocles they chants the odes that seperate the episodes.
Chorus
A type of poem in which the speaker adresses another person whose presence is known only from the speakers words
dramatic monologue
Language that embodies an appeal to a physical snese usually sight, although the words may invoke sound, smell, taste, and touch as well
Imagery
Literally "actors mask". Term is applied to a first person narrator in fiction or poetry
persona
Main character or hero
Protagonist
Object, action, or person that represents more than itself
symbol
dramatic representation of serious and important actions that culminate in catastrophe for the protagonist or chief actor in the play
Tragedy
Reference in the literary work to something outside the work usually to some famous person, place, thing, event, or other literary work
Allusion
Themes, images, and narrative patterns that are universal and thus embody some enduring aspects of human experience
Archetype
Figurative lang in which the intended meaning differs from the literal meaning
Irony
How many types of irony are there?
3
Type of irony that includes overstatements, understatements and opposite staement
Verbal Irony
occurs when a reader or audience knows things the characters do not
Dramatic Irony
Type of Irony that depicts gap between what's expected and what actually occurs
Situational Irony
Plot starts at the ________
exposition
When action rises during the plot it is called
rising action
When excitement reaches its peak in the plot, that is called the
climax
the end of the story is a
literary canon
Linking HOUSE ON MANGO STREET p 147, and MANS SEARCH FOR MEANING p 1-58
-Girl in House: moved from home to home; poverty stricken////Frankl: Jews moved from camp to camp and had nothing.
-Both knew that life could be unjust but werent apathetic, refused to be apathetic. Found truth.
Linking NOT WAVING BUT DROWNING and FRANKL
-NOT WAVING: Puts on a happy face..everyone thinks he's waving (okay) but he's drowning. FRANKL: Found inner purpose inside to keep going.

Without inner purpose, one dies.
Linking Oedipus to Sartre
In Oedipus, his destiny is set in stone for him: he will kill his father and marry his mother. Sartre says no to destiny...we have FREEDOM TO CHOOSE
Who developed term "utopia"?
Thomas Moore
Linking THE ONES WHO WALK AWAY FROM OMELAS to FRANKL
In Omelas: Live in a "utopia" but their world can only exist with the suffering boy in the basement. Frankl: says that man is able to live and die in sake of their beliefs..
Frankl's two words "live" and "die" can be used to incorporate those who LIVE in Omelas regardless of the boys suffering and those who Walk ("die") from Omelas because of their beliefs that the little boys suffering for everyone else's good is wrong.
The UNKNOWN CITIZEN and plato's republic
UNKNOWN CITIZEN: A man dies and the legacy he left was all of the things he conformed to in his environment///Plato says that to find a justified man was to analyze his environment and that indiviuals come before THE STATE>> State comes into existence because no one is self sufficing, just as the dead man in the unknown citizen was not self sufficing and relied on his society to give his life and death some sort of meaning.
PLATOS REPUBLIC linked with LOOKING DEEPER
Plato says that democracy is NOT an ideal type of state, while LOOKING DEEPER institutes laws of democracy
THE CAVE and HOW IT FEELS TO BE COLORED ME
Both character in HOW IT FEELS and theoretical people in THE CAVE are naive to many things. The character in HOW IT FEELS did not realize she was colored until someone else told her and people in cave did not have knowledge unless someone else gave it to them
WHAT IF SHAKESPEARE and VINDICATION OF RIGHTS OF WOMEN
In WHAT IF SHAKESPEARE> author questions why women didnt write all of these playwrights...VINDICATION shows that women didn't really have the rights back then and they were being fought for and still are in ways today
Elizabeth Cary
First woman to write playwright in english
Mary Wroth
First woman to write english comedy
Aphra Behn
First professional woman playwright
What is the point of view of "Rose For Emily"?
PLURAL first person...speaker has no name but refers to themself as "we" as if they were speaking for the whole town
Example of diction.
THIS BE THE VERSE. diction such as F-ck creates an adult type of poem
Example of Dramatic Monologue
My LAST DUCHESS
In a dramatic Monologue there are how many speakers? What do they reveal?
1 single speaker, reveals things about his or herself that they dont realize they are revealing
In a dramatic Monologue, what is the setting and listner like?
CLEAR setting, SILENT listener
Example of Dramatic Irony
Oedipus
Hamartia
Greek term for TRAGIC FLAW
SPECTACLE
Character w tragic flaw
author of LAST DUCHESS. Born in London. He exchanged poems and letters with Elizabeth Barret(another famous poet)..they eloped in 1846. Noted for fine dramatic monologues
Robert Browning
Author of Oedipus. Born in Greece. Brilliant career as one of three great Greek classical Tragedians. Won drama competition. Life ended in Peloponnesian war where he was a military leader
SoPHOCLES
Author of MODEST PROPOSAL. Born in Ireland of English parents. Minister of Anglican church of Ireland. Parish priest in Laracor Ireland. Dean @ St Patricks Cathedral.
Jonathan Swift
Author of WHAT IT MEANS TO SAY PHOENIX ARIZONA/SMOKE SIGNALS. Born on Spokane Indian Reservation in WAshington.
Sherman Alexie
Writer of A rose for Emily. Mississippian. Did not grad from highschool but went to college as a special student. Nobel Prize in 1950
William Faulkner
How many types of irony are there?
3
Type of irony that includes overstatements, understatements and opposite staement
Verbal Irony
occurs when a reader or audience knows things the characters do not
Dramatic Irony
Type of Irony that depicts gap between what's expected and what actually occurs
Situational Irony
Plot starts at the ________
exposition
When action rises during the plot it is called
rising action
When excitement reaches its peak in the plot, that is called the
climax
the end of the story is a
literary canon
Linking HOUSE ON MANGO STREET p 147, and MANS SEARCH FOR MEANING p 1-58
-Girl in House: moved from home to home; poverty stricken////Frankl: Jews moved from camp to camp and had nothing.
-Both knew that life could be unjust but werent apathetic, refused to be apathetic. Found truth.
Linking NOT WAVING BUT DROWNING and FRANKL
-NOT WAVING: Puts on a happy face..everyone thinks he's waving (okay) but he's drowning. FRANKL: Found inner purpose inside to keep going.

Without inner purpose, one dies.