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74 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Comedy
literature in which human errors or problems appear funny.
Narrator
the person who is telling the story
Understatement
way of emphasizing an idea by talking about it in a restrained manner
Novel
a lengthy fictional story with a plot that is revealed by the speech, action, and thoughts of the characters.
Foil
someone who serves as a contrast or challenge to another character
Allegory
a story in which people, things, and actions represent an idea or a generalization about life; often have a strong moral or lesson
Hubris
excessive pride; flaw that leads to the downfall of the tragic hero
Local color
the use of language and details that are common in a certain region of the country
Antithesis
an opposition or contrast of ideas
Metaphor
a comparison of two unlike things in which no word of comparison is used
Motif
the term for an often repeated idea or theme in literature
Pathos
suffering or passionate part in a play or story
Parable
a short descriptive story that illustrates a particular belief or moral.
Irony
using a word or phrase to mean the exact opposite of its literal or normal meaning.
Moral
the particular value or lesson the author is trying to get across to the reader
Pathetic fallacy
form of personification giving human traits to nature
Myth
traditional story that attempts to justify a certain practice or belief.
Figure of speech
literary device used to create a special effect or feeling by making some type of interesting or creative comparison
Imagery
use of words to create a certain picture in the reader's mind.
Genre
refers to a category or type of literature based on its style, form, and content.
Impressionism
the recording of events or situations as they have been impressed upon the mind.
Parody
Form of literature that intentionally uses comic effect to mock a literary work or style
Plot
action or sequence of events in a story
Picaresque novel
work of fiction consisting of a lengthy string of loosely connected events.
Plot line
the graphic display of the action or events in a story
Melodrama
an exaggerated form of drama characterized by heavy use of romance, suspense, and emotion
Foreshadowing
giving hints or clues of what is to come later in a story
Fable
short fictional narrative that teaches a lesson
Characterization
the method an author uses to reveal characters and their personalities
Gothic novel
type of fiction that is characterized by gloomy castles or characters.
Narration
writing that relates an event or a series of events: a story
Allusion
a literary reference to a familiar person, place, thing or event
Novella
a prose work longer than the standard short story, but shorter and less complex than a full novel
Hyperbole
an exaggeration or overstatement
Essay
a piece of prose that expresses an individual's point view; usually, it is a series of closely related paragraphs that combine to make a complete piece of writing.
Epithet
a word or phrase used in place of a person's name; it is a characteristic of that person
Dialogue
the conversation carried on by the characters in a literary work.
Metonymy
the substituting of one word for another related word
Malapropism
type of pun, or play on words, that results when two words become jumbled in the speaker's mind.
Exaggeration
overstating or stretching the truth for special effect
Poetic justice
"getting what he deserves"
Point of view
vantage point from which the story is told.
Mood
the feeling a text arouses in the reader
Climax
the most intense point in a story
Conflict
the problem or struggle in a story that triggers the action.
Personification
literary device in which the author speaks of or describes an animal, object, or idea as if it were a person
Memoir
writing based on the writer's memory if a particular time, place, or incident.
Farce
literature based on a humorous and improbable plot
Character sketch
a short piece of writing that reveals or shows something important about a person or fictional character
Content
the set of facts or circumstances surrounding an event or a situation in a piece of literature
Flashback
returning to an earlier time for the purpose of making something in the present more clear.
Falling action
the part of a play or story that works out the decision arrived at during the climax
Epigram
a brief, witty saying or poem often dealing with its subject in a satirical manner
Empathy
putting yourself in someone's place and imagining how the person must feel.
Caricature
a picture or an imitation of a person's features or mannerisms exaggerated in a comic or absurd way.
Diction
an author's choice of words based on their correctness, clearness, or effectiveness
Exposition
writing that is intended to explain something that might otherwise be difficult to understand. In a play or novel, it would be the portion that gives the backround or situation surrounding the story
Figurative language
language used to create a special effect or feeling.
Dramamtic monologue
literary work in which a character is speaking about himself as if another person were present.
Analogy
a comparison of two or more similar objects, suggesting that if they are alike in certain respects, they will probably be alike in other ways as well
Epitaph
a short poem or verse written in memory of someone
Denouement
the final resolution or outcome of a play or story
Paradox
a statement that seems contrary to common sense, yet may, in fact, be true.
Didactic
literature instructs or presents a moral or religious statement
Epic
a long narrative poem that tells of the deads and adventures of a hero.
Biography
the story of a person's life written by another person.
Oxymoron
combination of contradictory terms such as jumbo shrimp, tough love, or cruel kindess
Drama
the form of literature known as plays; but a drama also refers to the type of serious play that is often concerned with the leading character's relationship to society.
Simile
comparison of two unlike things using the words LIKE or AS.
Naturalism
an extreme form of realism in which the author tries to show the relation of a person to the environment or surroundings.
Epiphany
a sudden perception that causes a character to change or act in a certain way
Autobiography
an author's account or story of her or his own life.
Anecdote
a short summary of a humorous event used to make a point.
Antagonist
the person or thing working against the protagonist, or hero, of the work.