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43 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
allegory
using character and/or elements symbollicaly to represent an abstraction to the literal meaning.
alliteration
repetition of sounds. Ex: she sells seashells
allusion
directo or indirect reference to something which is presumably commonly known. Ex refering to Hitler
ambiguity
multiple meaning eather intentional or unintetional, word phrase or sentence
analogy
comparison b/t two different things or a relationship between them
antecedent
word, phrase, or clause reffered to by pronoun
aphorism
A terse statement of known authorship which expresses a general truth or a moral principle.
clause
A grammatic unit that contains both a subject and a verb
colloquial/ colloguialism
use of slang or informalities in writing
connotation
Nonliteral, associative meaning of word, implied meaning
diction
writers word choice, correctness, clearness
euphemism
"good speech" more agreeable or less offecive subtitute for a different word
hyperbole
A figure of speech using deliberate exageration or overstatement.
loose sentence
Main idea comes first, followed by dependent grammatical units such as phrase and clause
metaphor
implied comparison of seemingly unlike things or subtitution of one for the other
metonymy
"changed name" or substitute name, figure os speech in which a name of one object is substituded for that of another closely related
paradox
statement that appears to be self-contradictory or opposed to common sence
parallelism
parralel construction, gramatical or rhetorical framing of words phrases, sentences or paragraphs that give structure similarity
pedantic
words, phrases, or general tone that is very academic or bookish
personification
animals, objects that have human atributes and emotions
predicate adjective
an adjective, or adjective clause that renames a subject Ex: my boyfriend is tall, dark and handsome
predicate nominative
noun, group of nouns or noun clause that renames a subject Ex Abe Linkoln was a man of integrity
rhetoric
principles of writing effectively, eloquently, and persuasively
thetorical modes
variety, the conventions, and the purposes of major kinds of writing.
satire
work that targets human vices and follies or social institutions and conventions for ridicule
style
evaluation of blending syntax, figurative language and other literalry devices or classification of authors to a group and comparison of an author to similar authors
subordinate clause
clause that cannot stand alone, it does not express complete thought
symbol/symbolism
anything that represents or stands for something else
syntax
the way an aouthor chooses to join words in phrases, clauses and sentences
thesis
sentence of a group of sentences that directly expresses the author's opinion purpose, meaning or posiotn...main idea
tone
author's atittude toward his or her material, the audience or both.
understatement
ironic minimizing of fact, represents something as less signinficant than it is
adverbial clause
clause that functions as an adverb
antithesis
direct contrast or exact opposition to something
appositive
noun phrase that renames or describes another noun phrase
balanced sentence
not shure......... ?????
didactic
morally instructive
epigram
short whitty poem expressing a single thought or observation
exposition
information is conveyed about events that occured prior to the novel
invertion
reversal of order
juxtaposition
act or instance of placing two things close together
synechdoche
fugure of speech that presents akind of metaphor in which part of something is used as a whole
tropes
familiar and repeated symbol