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54 Cards in this Set

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Voice
is that form of inflection which indicates the manner of action expressed via whether the subject of the preterit construction/verb form performs or acts or recieves the action expressed by the verb in the preterit.
Active Voice
is that voice which is more vigorous and more direct, in this form the subject performs the action expressed by the verb in the predicate; as stated above, both transitive and intransive verb forms appear in the active voice.
Passive Voice
is that voice in which the subject receives the action of the verb form in the predicate. only transitive verb forms may be passive. Passive voice predicate constructions always have a form of the verb 'to be' as a helping verb and often has a 'by' construction with the 'doer' of the actions expressed.
fact
proven or excepted truth
opinion
a belief not resting on absolute certainty or proof but on what seems true, valid, or probable; it is a judgement
essay
written expression of an author's opinion
essaier
meaning an attempt
thesis
an author's opinion boiled down to one arguable statement/sentence.
noun
that of speech which names/identifies a person, place, thing, idea, object, quality or condition, weight or quantity of something, measure, action in the sense of its performance, state(such as death), occurence ,and sense of impression. sub-classes: Commom/Proper, Concrete/Abstract, Collective/Compound
pronoun
that part of speech which takes the place of a noun or a noun equilvant. Sub-classes are RIP DRIPI.
Verb
that part of speech which makes a statement, asks a question, give a command, or expresses a state of being or existence.
Adjetive
that part of speech which modifies a noun or a noun equivalent. Answer: Which? What kind? How many? How much?
Adverb
is that part of speech that modifies a verb, adj, or another adverb. Answers: When? Where? Why? How? To what extend/ to what degree? Under what condition/ circumstances? In what manner?
Preposition
that part of speech that shows relationships; used iwht a noun, pronoun, or the equivalent in the objective cas, the preposition and its object forma phrase which then functions as an adjective or an abverb. Thus, the realtionship is between the preposition and its obeject and the words modified.
Conjunction
that part of speech which joins/connects words, phrases, and clauses. sub types: coordinating, subordinating correlative
Interjection
that part of speech wihc shows strong feelings or emotion
Phrase
a group of related words containg a noun, pronoun, or the equivalent or a verb or verb phrase -- not both -- and functioning as one part of speech. Types : Prepositional, verbal, gerund, infinitive, appositive, and verb
Clause
a group of related words containing a subject and a predicate; if the clause expresses a complete thought, it is an independent clause or a sentence, but if it does not, it is a subordinate clause
Simple Sentence
one IC
NO SC
Compound Sentence
two or more IC
no SC
Complex Sentence
one IC
Two or more SC
Compound-Complex Sentence
Two or more IC
Two or more SC
Subject
that part of a sentence about which a writer/speaker makes a statement or expresses a state of being of what a writer/speaker asks a question or gives a command, "What the sentence is about"
Predicate
that part of a sentence which makes a statement, asks a question, gives a command, or expresses a state of being. Will be in verb or ver case.
Direct Object
that part of a sentence wihci relates to the transitive active voice predicate and answers 'what?' or whom? after thepredicate. It will be a noun, pronoun, or noun equivalent
objective Complement
that part of a sentence which follows some direct objects and adds additional info. to complete the direct object. It will be a noun, pronoun, or noun equivalent, or a adjective form. These usually appear after verb forms which mean name, elect, appoint, consider, or verbs which mean the same.
Indirect Object
that part of a sentence wich relates to a transitive active voice predicate and precedes its direct object to answer "to whom/for whom?" of "to what or for what?" it will be a noun, pronoun, or noun equivalent.
Predicate Adjective
that part of the sentence which usually follows a linking predicate and describes or modifies the subject. As a subject complement, it will be an adjective or the equivalent
Predicate Nominative
that part of the sentence whic follows a linking predicte and remanes ot means the same thing as the subject. It will be anoun, a pronoun, ot the equilant in the nominative case.
Inflection
the change in a word-- change in the meaning and use
Syntax
sentence structure, orderly arrangement or parts of speech
Idioms
unusual sayings
Colloquilisms
expression used in everyday conversation
nominative
for subjects or predicate nominatives: I, he, she, we, they, who, whoever
Possessive
to show ownership or possession ofr before most gerunds: my, mine, his, hers, their, our, whose, whosever
Objective
for an object: do, io, op, me, him, her, us, them, whom, whomever
Ambiguous Reference
multiple possible anteccents
General References
general, not specific anteccents
Weak Reference
antecedents is only in the writer's mind
Indefinite Reference
occurs with it, they, and you
Indicative
for a statement of fact, opinion, or a question
Imperative
for a direct command or request
Subjunctive
for a wish, suggestion, necessity/recommendation, condition contrary to fact
Regular Verbs
form/make their past and past participal forms by adding -ed,-d or -t to the base/infinitive form of the verb
Irregular Verbs
formal make their past and pst particial forms in one of three ways 1.a change in a letter, usually a vowel 2. a change in the ntire form of the word. 3. no change
transitive Verb
are action verbs which require receives/to complete their meanig
Intransitive Verbs
are action verbs which require no recievers to complete their meaning
Linking verbs
are those which connect or link a sentence's cubject to a predicate adjective or a predicate nominative. Forms of the word to be are oftenlinking verbs.
Mood
form a verb takes to indicate the attitude of the person using the verb. 3 mood: indicitive, subjunctive, imperative.
Modal
a hepling verb that joins with a main verb to express an attitude toward the action or state ot being of the main verb
Tense
a verb indicates the time of the action or of the state of being expressed by the verb
Progressive Form
expresses a continuing action or state of being
appositive
a noun or a pronoun placed beside another noun or pronoun to identify or descride it
Antecedent
the word a pronoun stands for