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8 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
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Sentence patterns
p. 146
adjective
- defined
- key questions
- position in a sentence
defined: a word used to describe a noun or pronoun or to give a noun or pronoun a more specific meaning

Four key questions:
1. What kind?
2. Which one?
3. How much?
4. How many?

Position:
- before nouns
- after pronouns
Adjective-common suffixes
Four:

-able
-al
-ed
-ive
-ory
Adverb
Defined: a word that modifies a verb, adjective, or another adverb

4 Key Questions:
1. Where?
2. When?
3. In what manner?
4. To what extent?

Usually ends with 'ly'
Linking verbs
copular/copulative verb() that requires a subject complement to complete the meaning of a sentence

Any verb that cam be substituted in the place of 'looked' is probably a linking verb.

Common linking verbs:
appear
become
continue
get
grow
remain
seem
stay
turn

feel
look
smell
sound
taste

to fall
to go
to fall
to lay
to run
to stand
to turn
to work
copular/copulative verb: that usually patterns with a modifier or noun or noun substitute that is necessary to complete the meaning of a sentence.
linking verbs

vs.

being verbs
- substitute 'am' 'are' or 'is'--if it makes sense, it's probably a linking verb

- linking verbs suggest a possibility, not an absolute observation, such as 'be'

- linking verbs don't 'stack up' like 'being' verbs, e.g., 'may have been dancing'
auxiliary verbs
Defined: a small set of verbs that combine with a main verb to express various shades of meaning, usually of time or voice.

Three primary auxiliary verbs:
- be, being, been
- do, does, did
- have, has, had
- was, were


Other auxiliary verbs:
- can, could
- may, might, must
- shall, should
- will, would
prepositions

defined
a word that relates the pronoun or noun that follows it to another word in the sentence