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40 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
enlightenment
applying scientific theory and modes of discovery to human affairs
universality
immutablity of natural law
order
the universe is structured in a rational order
age of reason
faith in human ability to understand the universe sice it is rational
GCB
the Aristotelian belief that all forms of bing exist on a hierarchical scale, in order of complexity
neoclassicism
teaches a lesson - 1660 - belief that classical age represents the height of mankind's achievements - moderation
classical age
greece and rome
artificial
perfected by man
didacticism
to teach or improve art - no need to be funny
nicomachian ethics
how to be virtuous
golden mean of virtue (magnanimity)
virtuous behavior is in the middle between extremes of actions
aristotle
the poetics
verse epistle
a letter in poetic form
heroic couplet
pairs of rhymed lines in iambic pentameter
transcendant
above and outside of nature
didactic
designed to instruct the reader
platonic principle of plentitude
belief that God created all possible things eactly as they should be
philosophical optimism
the concept that "this is the best of all possible worlds"
plenitude
nothing can be added or deleted
immutable
no being can move up or down, drop in or drop out
satire
art designed to correct men by making them laugh at thier folly
3 Unities
time, place, action
neoclassicism - truth is known through reason - trust in ancient authorities - group is more important than the individual - society must be ordered and ranked - society is fixed (static) - moderation is a virtue - man must subdue nature - man must submit to what is
romanticism - truth is known throught feelings - trust in personal experience - the individual is more important than the group - society and nature are egalitarian - society is dynamic (mobile) - exciss is desirable - man must imitate nature - man can change to make things better
egalitarian
not ranked - unprejudiced - equality of all humankind
epistemology
study of how we know what we know
individualism
acknowledging the self as the authority for good and truth and knowledge
how do romantics feel about money and the pursuit of wealth?
they mistrust money and the pursuit becuase it is not natural
pantheism
God is immanent present in everything
benevolent
it wants the best for its creatures
wise passiveness
not by aggressively chasing after ideas
colloquial speech
informal writing
freedoms journal
first national black newspaper published in NY
appeal to the coloured citizens of the world
david walker - to stir african consciousness - advocated resistance
liberator
abolitionist journal published by william lloyd garrison
moral suasion
seek change by persuadingpeople that slaveholding is moraly wrong
the north star
douglass' abolitionist newspaper
13th amendment
outlaws slavery
14th amendment
grants due process to all male citizens (makes african americans citizens)
15th amendment
extends suffrage to african americans
19th amendment
extends suffrage to women