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40 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Paradox
statements that seem to contradict each other.
Alliteration
constant repitition of a sound.
oxymoron
(mini-paradox) 2 words next to each other that seem to condradict each other.
Allusion
refrences to events
onomatopoeia
words sounding like they do (ex. bark, snap)
Assonance
repitition of vowel sounds
Meter
arranged pattern of rhythm in a line of a verse
Connotation
cultural definition of a word
Metaphor
an expression comparing two things without using like or as
Consonance
repetition of consonant sounds anywhere in the words (more soothing, calm sound) ex. (c)ut, (t)ac(k)
Verbal irony
saying the opposite of what is meant.
Denotation
dictionary definition of a word (literal meaning despite connotations)
Imagery
visually descriptive/ figurative language
Diction
word choice
Situational irony
the oddness or unfairness of a given situation, be it positive or negative
Hyperbole
exaggeration/overstatement
Dramatic Irony
difference between what a character believes and what the audience knows to be true
Understatement
saying less than what is meant
Personification
Giving human characteristics to something nonhuman
Tone
composed of word choice and sound devices.
a manner of expression in writing
Syntax
word order
Symbolism
representing something
Rhyme scheme
ordered pattern of rhymes at the ends of the lines of a poem or verse
Theme
generalization about life made from a piece of literature of story,
must be expressible in the form of a statement with a subject and a predicate
Stress
emphasis given to a particular syllabe or word in a speech
Stanza
a group of lines forming a verse in a poem
Simile
a comparison between two things using 'like', 'as' or 'than'
Satire
making fun of a person or thing in order to expose fully or vise-fault/corrupt
Speaker
a person who delivers a speech or lecture,
NOT the writer
Sarcasm
cutting form of verbal irony
poetry
literary work giving an expression of ideas and feelings with distinctive style and rhythm
Prose
written or spoken language in its ordinary form
Parody
mockery of a specific, well known person, work, or event
Mock-heroic
initates but exaggerates and distorts epic style
Pathos
going from the serious to the ridiculous very quickly
Pun
a figure of speech, or word play which consists of a deliberate confusion of similar words within a phrase or phrases for rhetorical effect, whether humorous or serious
Iambic pentameter
a meter in poetry comprising five iambs, where each iambic foot is an unstressed syllable followed by a stressed syllable
Logical fallacy
an error in reasoning, thus rendering the argument invalid in whole,
Bildungsroman
the story of a single individual's growth and development withing the contect of a defined social order
Juxaposition
placing two or more things side by side