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48 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
purposes of the introduction:
gains readers attention, leads into the thesis, states the thesis
purpose of the conclusion:
restated thesis, summary of main points, significance of what the writer said in the essay
what is the difference between a thesis and topic statement
topic- 1 paragraph
thesis- broader and controls all the supporting paragraphs
what are four methods of arranging details
importance, chronological, enumerative, spatial
types of details

TRIDES
reasons, incidents, details, examples, and statistics and facts
ways to gain readers attention
humor, question, contradictory, quotation, common ground
where does the thesis appear in the introductory paragraph
last sentence
where does the restated thesis appear
first sentence
two types of sentences to end paragraphs
clincher sentence- transitional sentence
ways to achieve coherence
transitional words and phrases, repition of key words or phrases, pronoun reference, paraphrasing, parallelism
modes of discourse
persuasion, exposition, narration, description
parody
the imitation of a work of art, music, or literature for amusement or instruction
picaresque
a type of story where an uneducated street urchin is the protagonist, travels with a compantion, meets people, gets in rough situations, escapes because of his wit and vitality
satire
a kind of writing that ridicules uman weakness, vice, or folly to bring about social reform
allegory
a story where the characters and settings and events stand for other people or events or concepts
character foil
a character who develops through another character through contrast
figurative language
language based on some kind of comparison- not literally true
imagery
description that appeals to one or more of the 5 senses
lyric poem
personal expressoin of one emtion, short,seldom tels a story, musical
epic
long narrative poem on a serious subject centered around a great hero's adventures
narrative
long poem which tells a story
ballad
short poem meant to be sung
elegy
poem expressing sorrow over the death of someone
free verse
free from the old metric rules
hyperbole
exaggeration for effect
metonymy
one word used in place of one it clearly suggests
sonnet
a 14 line poem
alliteration
repetition of initial consonant sounds in words that are close together
assonance
identical vowel sounds followed by different consonant sounds
consonance
repition of consonant sounds with dissimilar vowels
rhyme
repetition of accented vowel sounds
couplet
two consecutive lines of poetry that rhyme
rhythm
alternation of stressed and unstressed sounds that make the voice rise and fall
meter
strict rhythmic pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables in a line of poetry
foot
a unit consisting of at least one stressed syllable and one or more unstressed syllables
refrain
word, phrase, line or whole stanza that is repeated exactly, or almost exactly, throughought the poem according to some regular pattern
stanza
a group of consecutive lines in a poem that form a single word
elements of romance
hero, evil enemy, quest, tests of the hero, supernatural elements, good v. evil, female figures
characteristics of a hero
mysetious origin, not foolish or invincible, have a quest, their path is not always clear, has dangers loneliness, and temptatio, quest supplies friends, hero has a guide, hero goes into darkness and comes back different
singular pronouns
each, either, neither, one, everyone, everybody, no one, nobody, anyone, anybody, someone, somebody
plural pronouns
several, few, both, many
singular or plural pronouns
some, any, most, all, none
compund subjects joined by AND
plural
compound subjects joined by OR or NOR
singular
between
2
among
more than 2
fewer
before a plural noun
less
before a singular noun