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15 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
coined by Kant, in 1820 unitarian ministers determined the essentials of the religious experience
1) intuition 2) mystery 3)emotion
Elements of Romanticism
individual worth, goodness of humanity, glory of communion with nature, individual freedom of expression, equal oppurtunity
Transcendentalism - Beliefs
1) direct correspondance between the universe and the soul
2) by contemplating objects in nature, people can transcend the world and discover a union beyond the individual (unites all-->community)
3)follow your own intuition and beliefs; diverage from social norms
4)people are inherently good
philosophy of individualusm, non-conformity, moved focus
Emerson Themes
greatness and meaness, inward focus
-moves to lake to find the essential facts - simple
-live deliberately
-journal like
-people so relient on news
-learning newness
-concept of lonely
Thoreau Themes
nature, personal, sublime, outward focus
Whitman Themes
-no convential themes, literary allusions, rhyme
-New American poet (free verse
-base in reality not morality
-explored individual identity ("Americanism")
"I Hear America Singing"
-talks of individual working for lifestyle
-melting pot
-sense of community
*catalog-there are frequent lists of people, things, and attributes
"Song of Myself"
-everyone needs to learn for themselves
-nature = universal language
-go back to grass @ death
-speaker dead at poem
Dark Side of Individualism
-exploration of human mind
-gothic literature/architecture
-"spirit of perverseness"(Poe)
-psychology (Freud)
Elements of Gothic Literature
-desolate, haunted landscapes
-oppressive atmosphere of doom
-phantoms; demonic powers
-old house, battered by wild elements
-ruined abbeys, feudal halls, castles, dungeons, old churches and graveyards, secret passageways
-hero's physical and psychological appearance
Poe's Role in Literature
-created the modern short story
.....horror-emotional & shrill-builds to a climax
-created detective story
..unemotional and rational (language)
..action is first part of the story
..tales of RATIOCINATION (used logic rather than horror)
"The Masque of the Red Death"
-Prince Prospero takes 1,000 friends with him to abbey
-Red Death similar to bubonic plague
-person at end is skeleton
-they all die
-7 rooms - diff colors
-clock represents time is still going on
allegory=death, clock can represent life
"The Raven"
-18-six line stanza
POETIC DEVICES: alliteration, assonace, internal rhyme
ATMOSPHERE: midnight, dreay, December
SETTING/MOOD: negative, dreary
MAJOR THEME: loss of loved one
SECONDARY THEME: mental instability-insanity