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55 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
language that appeals to the senses
IMAGERY
a phrase commonly used which is not to be taken literally
IDIOM
an outcome that turns out to be very different from what was expected, the difference between what is expected to happen and what actually does
SITUATIONAL IRONY
a figure of speech in which what is said is the opposite of what is meant
VERBAL IRONY
an anecdote that illustrates or supports a moral point, as in a medieval sermon.
EXEMPLUM
two consecutive lines of poetry that rhyme
COUPLET
quality of speech or writing that combines verbal cleverness with keen perception especially of the incongrous
WIT
a line of poetry that does not contain a pause or conclusion at the end but rather continues on to the next line
RUN ON LINE
the alternation of stressed and unstressed syllables in language
RHYTHM
The repetition of accented vowel sounds and all sounds following them in words that are close together in a poem
RHYME
a kind of play in which human actions have inevitable consequences in which the characters bad deeds are never forgiven
TRAGEDY
private words that a character in a play speaks to the audience or to another character and that are not supposed to be overheard by others on stage
ASIDE
a struggle or clash between opposing characters forces or emotions
CONFLICT
a character struggles against some outside force
EXTERNAL CONFLICT
A struggle between oposing needs within a single character
INTERNAL CONFLICT
A concise and often witty statement of wisdom or opinion, such as “Children should be seen and not heard,” or “People who live in glass houses shouldn't throw stones.”
APHORISM
A metrical foot or unit of measure consisting of an unstressed syllable followed by a stressed syllable
IAMB
a line of poetry made up of five lines
PENTAMETER
poetry written in unrhymed iambic pentameter
BLANK VERSE
an amusing scene, incident, or speech introduced into serious or tragic elements, as in a play, in order to provide temporary relief from tension, or to intensify the dramatic action.
COMIC RELEIF
a long speech in which a character who is usually alone on stage expresses his or her private thoughts or feelings
SOLILOQUY
a figure of speech in which something closely related to a thing or suggested by it is substituted for the thing itself
METONYMY
a character who sets off another character by strong contrast
FOIL
a story in which the characters settings and events stand for abstract or moral concepts
ALLEGORY
to show or indicate beforehand; prefigure
FORESHADOW
an apparent contradiction that is actually true
PARADOX
a part of a dramatic representation given in pantomime,
DUMB SHOW
the attitude a writer takes toward the reader a subject or character
TONE
the parts of a written or spoken statement that precede or follow a specific word or passage, usually influencing its meaning or effect
CONTEXT
words and phrases that were used regularly in language but are now less common
ARCHAIC LANGUAGE
a reference to a statement person place event or thing that is known for literature history religion mythology politics sports science or popular culture
ALLUSION
a short allegonical story that teaches a moral or religious lesson about life
PARABLE
a figure of speech in which a part stands for the whole as in "Our daily bread"
SYNECDOCHE
the study of the origin and history of words and language
ETYMOLOGY
a secret plan or scheme to accomplish some purpose
PLOT
the humorous use of a word or phrase so as to emphasize or suggest its different meanings or applications, or the use of words that are alike or nearly alike in sound but different in meaning; a play on words.
PUN
someone of great learning with abilities in many different areas
RENAISSANCE
a stanza or poem of four lines
QUATRAIN
an excessively favorable opinion of one's own ability, importance, wit, etc
CONCEIT
an imaginary island described in Sir Thomas More's Utopia (1516) as enjoying perfection in law, politics, etc.
UTOPIA
required obligation
COMPULSORY
any trick or scheme for achieving some purpose
STRATEGEM
any fact or experience that is apparent to the senses
PHENOMENON
a group of people united by common interests
COMMON WEALTH
not needed unneccessary irrelevant
SUPERFLUOUS
anything bought psoldiary any article of commerce
COMMODITY
prosperous; successful
FLOURISTING
complaining; peevish
QUERULOUS
consitantly; endlessly
INCESSANTLY
in poverty; needy poor
INDIGENT
to be enough to be adequate
SUFFICE
one who furnishes or supplies
PURVEYOR
doing good, kindly; charitable
BENEVOLENT
to get money or goods from someone by violence
EXTORT
very greedy
INSATIABLE