Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/481

Click to flip

481 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
abjure
1. renounce 2. recant 3. give up or abstain from
abortive
unsuccessful
aboveboard
straightforward
abscond
depart secretly
abstruse
difficult to understand; recondite
accede
1. concede 2. come into office or dignity
accolade
1. expression of praise 2. ceremonial greeting 3. bestowal of knighthood
actuate
1. activate 2. move into action
adduce
cite as an example or means of proof in an argument
adsorption
accumulation of gases, liquids, or solutes on the surface of a liquid or solid
adze
axelike tool
affront
offend
aggregate
total
agog
full of excitement or interest
ague
febrile condition; chill or fit of shivering
alb
long white linen robe worn by a priest at Mass
alembic
device used for distilling or a similar purifying process
altruistic
selfless
amain
with might
analgestic
pain relieving
annular
shaped like a ring
aphorism
tersely phrased statement of truth or opinion
appurtenaince
adjunct; accessory; something added to another
anchorite
one who has gone into seclusion for religious reasons
animalcule
microscopic life form
apocryphal
of questionable authorship or authenticity
aquiline
of, relating to, or having the characteristics of an eagle
argent
silver
arrant
downright; extreme; notorious
askance
obliquely
asperity
roughness; harshness
aspersion
1. damaging or derogatory remark; slander 2. sprinkling with water
asquint
with sidelong glance
assay
1. chemically analyze 2. examine
asseverate
1. declare seriously 2. affirm
athwart
across, through
aubade
song or poem greeting the dawn
augure
predict the future
august
awe-inspiring, majestic
aver
affirm; declare
bairn
child
ballast
1. heavy material used to balance a ship or a balloon 2. gravel used for the bed of a road
barbican
tower on the approach to a castle or town
barratry
1. persistently instigating lawsuits 2. simony
bast
1. phloem 2. bast fiber
beck
small brook; creek
bedeck
adorn in a showy manner
belime
smear or ensnare with birdlime
bellwether
leader of activities; indicator of future trends
benedight
blessed
bequest
the act of giving or passing on to another
bereft
1. lacking something needed 2. sorrowful through loss or desparation
besprent
sprinkled over
betimes
1. in good time; early 2. once in a while
bewray
curse
birdlime
sticky substance smeared on branches to capture birds
blandish
flatter
blithe
casual, lighthearted
bluster
blow in loud, violent gusts
bodkin
small, blunt needle; hairpin; awl
bonhoie
good nature; pleasant and easy manner
boon
blessing
boor
person with unrefined manners, peasant
brackish
1. somewhat salty 2. distasteful
brae
hillside; slope
brocade
heavy fabric interwoven with a rich raised design
brogue
heavy shoe of untanned leather, formerly worn in Scotland and Ireland
brumal
belonging to winter; winterlike
brume
mist, fog
brummagem
1. cheap and tawdry 2. spurious; counterfeit
brusque
abrupt and curt; discourteously blunt
burgonet
light steel helmet with a peak and hinged flaps covering the cheeks, worn in the 16th century
byre
barn for cows
byrnie
long (usually sleeveless) chain mail tunic; hauberk
cadre
nucleus of trained personnel around which a larger organization can be built and trained
caitiff
despicable coward, wretch
calcitrate
kick
callow
immature
calumny
slander
candor
1. sincerity 2. fairness
captious
unduly critical
carousal
boisterous merrymaking
caustic
capable of burning, corroding, or eating away by chemical action
cassock
ankle-length garment with close-fitting sleeves and waist worn by clergy
catachresis
misuse of a word or phrase
cavil
find fault unnecessarily; quibble
cerastes
venomous snake with hornlike projections over each eye
cerement
burial garment
champaign
plain
coadjutor
coworker; assistant
coalesce
come together
codex
manuscript volume
cogitate
ponder
collateral
supporting
collop
small portion or slice of food
commensurate
of the same size, extent, or duration as another
compunction
uneasiness caused by a feeling of guilt
conflate
bring together; fuse; meld
confluence
1. junction, especially of rivers 2. assemblage of a multitude in one place
congeal
1. solidify by freezing 2. coagulate, jell
consuetude
custom, usage
contusion
bruise; injury in which the skin is not broken
convalescence
gradual return to health after illness
cope
long ecclesaistical vestment worn over an alb or surplice
copula
dome-like structure
corbel
bracket projecting from a wall, used to hold up a cornice or arch
cornice
horizontal projection that crowns or completes a building
corrie
round hollow in a hillside; cirque
corrugate
shape into folds
courtesan
woman prostitute, especially one whose clients are nobility
cowl
hood or hooded robe worn by a monk
crone
ugly old woman
cupidity
excessive desire for wealth
curtal
something cut short
daub
1. smear with a soft adhesive substance 2. apply with hasty or crude strokes
deacon
1. cleric ranking just below a priest in Anglian, Eastern Orthodox, and Roman Catholic churches 2. Protestant layperson who assists a minister
dearth
scare supply; lack
debar
1. exclude 2. forbid, hinder
decoct
1. extract the flavor of by boiling 2. make concentrated
decurion
1. officer in command of ten men in the army of ancient Rome 2. member of a municipal senate in ancient Rome
demure
modest; shy
defray
pay
desiccate
make dry or dull
diktat
authoritative decree or order
delimit
demarcate, establish the boundaries or limits of
dilatory
intended to delay
decry
openly criticize
deluge
great flood or heavy downpour
desuetude
cessation of use; disuse
desultory
aimless; haphazard; rambling; marked by lack of purpose
diatribe
bitter, abusive denunciation
dispraise
disapproval, censure
dissimulate
disguise feelings or intentions
distemper
disease
dowff
dull and heavy
droll
amusingly odd or whimsically comical
dross
waste or impure matter
dudgeon
state or fit of intense indignation; resentment; ill-humor; often used in the phrase "in high dudgeon"
dunnock
hedge swallow or hedge accentor
edacious
given to eating; voracious; devouring
edify
instruct especially so as to encourage moral, spiritual, intellectual improvement
educe
evoke
effable
capable of being uttered or explained
effete
weak
effrontery
brazen boldness; presumptuousness
effulgence
brilliant radiance
effuse
pour
embrocate
moisten and rub with lotion
emolument
payment for an office or employment
empathy
understanding another's emotions
emprise
chivalrous or adventurous undertaking
empyreal
celestial
emulous
eager to surpass another
encomium
expression of praise
enervate
weaken
enjoin
1. direct or impose with authority or emphasis 2. forbid
enow
enough
eponym
person whose name is the source of the name of something
equable
unchanging, steady
equanimity
quality of being calm; composure
equerry
1. personal attendant to the British royal household 2. officer charged with supervising horses
equipoise
equilibrium; counterbalance
escarp
1. steep slope, escarpment 2. inner wall of a ditch around a fortification 3. cause to form a steep slope
escutcheon
shield bearing a coat of arms
esplanade
flat open stretch of pavement or grass, especially one designed as a promenade along a shore
esurient
hungry, voracious, greedy
exasperate
1. annoy 2. increase the gravity of
execrate
1. curse 2. loathe, abhor
exegete
one who explains difficult parts of written works
exhume
dig up; revive
expiate
make amends; atone
expostulate
reason earnestly with someone in an effort to dissuade or correct; remonstrate
expurgate
remove bad material before publication
eunuch
castrated man
evanescent
fleeting
fastidious
displaying meticulous attention to detail
feckless
1. lacking purpose or vitality; feeble or ineffective 2. careless and irresponsible
fecund
fertile
festoon
string or garland
fiat
1. arbitrary order or decree 2. authorization or sanction
flagitious
1. vicious 2. infamous, scandalous
forsooth
in truth, indeed
frieze
decorated horizontal band
friseur
hairdresser; coiffeur
frith
firth, long inlet of the sea
fulminate
1. issue a thunderous verbal attack 2. explode
fulsome
offensive through excess of praise
fustian
1. coarse twilled cotton or cotton and linen stuff, including corduroy, velveteen, etc. 2. pompous; bombastic
gammon
1. nonsensical or misleading talk 2. lower part of a side of bacon
gar
cause or compel
garret
attic
gastronome
lover of good food and drink
gaunt
thin and bony; lean
gelid
very cold, icy
gemon
public meeting or local judicial assembly in Anglo-Saxon England
gerfalcon
large falcon of Arctic regions
glede
any of several birds of prey
gleed
glowing coal, ember
glen
small secluded valley
gloaming
twilight; dusk
glut
eat or indulge excessively
gorget
piece of armor that protects the throat
gout
disturbance of uric acid metabolism chiefly in males
grapnel
grapple, small anchor with three or more flukes
guerdon
reward, recompense
gyve
shackle or fetter, especially for the leg
hagiography
biography of saints
hale
sound, healthy
handsel
1. gift to express good wishes at the start of a new year or enterprise 2. first payment
harangue
long pompous speech
harridan
worn out strumpet; vixenish woman; hag
heterodox
unorthadox
hibernacle
winter retreat; winter home of a hibernating animal
hirsute
hairy
hoary
gray or white with age
hobbledehoy
awkward, gawky young fellow
hortatory
marked by urging; intended to encourage or incite
impetuous
1. impulsive and passionate 2. marked by violent force
importunate
urgent or persistent in requesting
imprecate
curse
impute
relate to a particular cause or source
incarnadine
1. fleshy pink 2. blood red
incendiary
inflammatory
indemnity
security against damage, loss, or injury
indict
accuse of wrongdoing
indigent
poor
inflect
change pitch
insolvent
bankrupt
interdict
prevent
interloper
meddler
inure
enure, habituate to something undesireable
invective
abusive language, vituperation
invidious
1. tending to provoke envy or ill will 2. envious
irascible
irritable; easily provoked
iridescent
brilliant; lustrous; colorful
irrupt
break or burst in
janizary
member of a group of elite, loyal supporters
jetty
structure, such as a pier, that projects into a body of water to influence the tide
jurisprudence
philosophy or science of law
jurist
expert on law
ken
perception, understanding
laconic
using few words, terse
largess
1. liberality in bestowing gifts, especially in a condescending manner 2. generosity
lariat
lasso
leach
1. remove constituents from by percolation 2. drain, empty
leveret
young hare
livery
1. distinctive dress worn by members of a particular group 2. business that offers vehicles for hire
livid
1. discolored, as if from a bruise 2. ashen or pallid 3. furious
loadstar
1. star that is used as a point of reference 2. guiding principle, interest, or ambition
lording
lordling; lord regarded as immature or insignificant
lugubrious
mournful, dismal
lurid
causing shock or horror
macerate
make soft by soaking; starve
magniloquent
pompous, bombastic
manacle
device for confining the hands, like handcuffs
maravedi
ancient Spanish coin
martinet
strict disciplinarian
mastiff
any of an ancient breed of large strong dogs
mattock
digging tool with a flat blade at a right angle to the handle
matutinal
of, relating to, or occurring in the morning; early
maugre
notwithstanding, in spite of
meed
fitting recompense
mendacious
false
menses
catamenia; menstrual cycle
meretricious
attractively designed
metier
1. occupation; proffession 2. area in which one excels
micturate
urinate
midden
dunghill or refuse heap
misericord
1. relaxation of monastic rules 2. bracket attached to the underside of a church seat against which a standing person might lean 3. dagger used in Medieval times to kill a seriously wounded knight
moiety
half; portion
mollify
soothe, pacify
morass
area of low-lying soggy ground
morion
crested metal helmet with a curved peak in front and back
mot
witty remark
motley
1. colorful 2. garment worn by a jester
mulct
penalty such as a fine
multifarious
having great diversity or variety
munificent
generous
myopia
nearsightedness
nefarious
infamous for wickedness
neophyte
1. recent convert to a belief, proselyte 2. beginner, novice
niggard
stingy, miserly
noviciate
1. period of being a novice 2. place where novices live 3. novice
obfuscate
1. make so confused or opaque as to be difficult to perceive or understand 2. render indistinct or dim
oblectate
delight; please greatly
obol
silver coin used in ancient Greece
objurgate
scold or rebuke sharply; berate
obsequious
servile
obsequy
funeral rite or ceremony
obstreperous
1. noisily and stubbornly defiant 2. aggressively boisterous
obtrude
force oneself or one's ideas upon others in an unwanted way
obviate
do away with, prevent
ope
open
ordure
excrement, dung
oriel
bay window projecting from an upper floor; supported by a corbel or bracket
orison
prayer
orle
bearing around a shield
osier
any of several willows having long rodlike twigs used in basketry
pablum
something (as in writing or speech) that is trite, insipid, or simplistic
palaver
idle chatter
palinode
formal statement of retraction
palliate
make less severe or intense
palpable
tangible
palpitate
1. tremble, quiver 2. throb
palsy
1. complete or partial paralysis, accompanied by uncontrolable movements 2. fit of strong emotion marked by the inability to act
paltry
1. unimportant, trivial 2. wretched, contemptible
panegyric
encomium
panoply
1. splendid or striking array 2. something that covers and protects
paragon
model of excellence or perfection
paregoric
pain-killing
parson
1. Anglican cleric with full control of a parish under ecclesiastical law; rector 2. member of the clergy
passant
being a beast facing and walking toward the viewer's left with one front leg raised
pate
1. head 2. mind
patina
1. color or incrustation which age gives to works of art 2. appearance or aura produced by habit, practice, or use 3. superficial layer or exterior
peccadillo
small shortcoming or sin
pederast
pedophile
pelf
wealth, especially when dishonestly acquired
pen
female swan
pendant
1. hanging down 2. projecting 3. pending
penetralia
innermost parts of a building
perambulate
walk through
percolate
filter
perfunctory
routine
peripatetic
moving about
perse
dark grayish blue or purple
perspicacity
acuteness of perception, discernment, or understanding
pertinacious
holding tenaciously to a purpose, belief, or opinion
petulant
1. irritable 2. contemptible
pharisee
1. member of an ancient Jewish sect that emphasized strict observance 2. hypocritically self-righteous person
philology
literary study or classical scholarship
phlegm
sluggishness
physiology
study of the functions of living organisms and their parts
physiognomy
art of judging human character from facial features
pibroch
traditional dirge for highland bagpipes
pinafore
sleeveless garment similar to an apron, worn especially by small girls
pittance
1. meager monetary allowance 2. small amount
platitude
lack of originality; triteness
plenary
full, complete
plucky
courageous
potation
1. act of drinking 2. a drink
potentate
one who has the power and position to rule over others
precinct
subdivision or district
predilection
preference
presage
prediction
presbyter
priest in various hierarchal churches
probity
integrity, honesty
prognosticate
predict
provender
dry food for livestock
pursy
fat and short-breathed
prate
talk idlely and at length, chatter
preceptory
community of medieval Knights Templars
prelate
high-ranking member of the clergy
pudendum
human external genital organ, especially of a woman
puerile
juvenile, childish
puissance
power, might
pusillanimous
cowardly
puttee
strip of cloth worn spirally around the leg from ankle to knee
pyx
1. container for wafers for the Eucharist 2. chest in a mint where coins await assay
querulous
complaining
quiddity
1. real nature of a thing, essence 2. small distinction, quibble
quorum
minimum number of people needed for a meeting
rampant
rearing on the hind legs
rapine
forcible seizure of another's property, plunder
reave
1. seize and carry off forcibly 2. break or tear apart
rebarbative
serving or tending to irritate or repel
recheat
horn call to call back the hounds
recondite
difficult to understand
recumbent
resting; idle
redound
have an effect or consequence
renascent
springing or rising again into being
repine
1. be discontented 2. yearn for something
reprobate
morally unprincipled person
retouch
improve
retrench
1. reduce 2. remove, delete
rheumy
watering
roset
red color used by painters
rostrum
elevated platform for public speaking
rowel
sharp-toothed wheel in a spur
runnel
rivulet
sable
1. carnivorous mammal of northern Europe and Asia, having soft dark fur 2. grayish yellowish brown 3. sablefish
sanctimony
hypocritical devoutness or high-mindedness
sap
dig away the foundation of; weaken
sardonic
scornfully or cynically mocking
sallow
of sickly yellowish hue or complexion
saturnine
sullen
scapula
shoulder blade
scintillate
sparkle or shine
scroop
crisp rustle of silk or a similar fabric
sedulous
assiduous
sees
official seat of a bishop
sententious
pithy
sexagenary
relating to or proceeding by sixties
sibyl
woman prophet
signet
seal
simony
buying or selling of ecclesiastical pardons, offices, or emoluments
sine qua non
indispensable thing
sizar
student at the university of Cambridge or Dublin who, having passed an examination, is exempt from college fees
skelp
strike or slap
slattern
untidy or dirty woman
slough
depression or hollow, usually filled with deep mud or mire
smart
suffer acutely
sopite
put to sleep; quiet
sopoforic
drowsy
sorb
1. Old World tree in the rose family 2. take up and hold
sou
one of several coins formerly used in France
sough
make a soft murmuring or rustling sound
spavin
swelling of the hock joint of a horse; resulting in lameness
specious
seemingly true but actually false
spelt
hardy wheat grown mostly in Europe
splenetic
1. of or relating to the spleen 2. irritable
spoliate
plunder, pillage, despoil
sprack
quick, lively, alert
spulzie
plunder; booty
squalid
dirty or wretched, as from poverty or lack of care
stirk
heiffer or bullock, especially between one and two years old
stochastic
conjectural
stolid
showing little emotion
stot
young bull or ox, especially three years old
stripling
adolescent
strumpet
woman prostitute
suffuse
spread through or over, as with liquid, color, or light
sundry
various; miscellaneous
surfeit
1. overindulgence 2. excessive amount
surplice
loose-fitting white ecclesiastical gown with wide sleeves, worn over a cassock
supernal
celestial, heavenly
supine
prostrate
supplicate
beseech
surcingle
girth that binds a saddle, pack, or blanket to the body of a horse
tallow
wax used to make candles
tarn
small mountain lake
temerity
recklessness
tenebrous
dark and gloomy
temporize
stall for time
termagant
quarrelsome, scolding woman
tilt
joust
tocsin
warning; alarm
torpor
state of mental inactivity or insensibility
transmigrate
move into another body after death
tregetour
juggler who produces illusions by the use of elaborate machinery
trenchant
forceful, effective, vigorous
truant
absent without permission
truculent
fierce
truism
self-evident truth
turbid
heavy, dark, or dense
turpitude
depravity, baseness
ubiquitous
omnipresent
ululate
howl, wail, or lament loudly
unctuous
1. characterized by insincere earnestness 2. like oil or ointment
unguent
healing salve, ointment
usurer
one who lends money at a high interest rate
uxorious
excessively fond or submissive to a wife
vagary
extravagant notion or action
vallate
surrounded by a wall
vaunt
brag about
variegate
1. change the appearance of, especially by marking with different colors 2. make varied
vapid
lacking liveliness, animation, zest
veneer
thin surface layer
venery
indulgence in or pursuit of sexual activity
vermilion
vivid red to reddish orange
vicinage
vicinity
vilipend
view or treat with contempt; despise
virile
of or relating to the characteristics of an adult male
virtu
1. love of fine objects 2. productions of art 3. artistic quality
vitriolic
caustic
vituperate
rebuke or criticize harshly
vociferate
utter or cry out vehemently, especially in protest
votary
person who is fervently devoted or enthusiastic
wainscot
facing or panneling, usually of wood, applied to the walls of a room
wanton
immoral; undisciplined
wattle
1. twigs, reeds, or branches 2. fold of skin hanging from the neck or throat of certain birds and lizards
weal
prosperity; happiness
weasand
gullet; throat
wergeld
in Anglo-Saxon and Germanic law, price set upon a person's life as a basis of rank
wight
1. living being; creature 2. valorous, brave
whilom
quondam
wimple
cloth worn around the head by medieval nuns
winnow
blow off (chaff) or away
woad
plant in the mustard family that yields blue dye
palimpsest
manuscript on which earlier text has been incompletely erased or still visible
sybaritic
devoted to or marked by pleasure and luxury
gourmandize
overeat