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71 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
the main idea expressed in a literary work
theme
something in a literary work which maintains its own meaning but stands for something broader
symbolism
the sequence of related eventsthat make up a story
plot
a contrast between what is stated and what is really meant, what is expected to happen and what really happens
irony
a poerson that opposes the protagonist in a story, enemy of hero or heroine
antagonist
a character that is used to contrast with another character
foil
a humorous play on words
pun
the central character in a story that the readers sympathize for
protagonist
a figure of speech that uses exaggeration or overstatment for effect
hyperbole
predicament between two choices
dilemma
unraveling of dramatic plot, final solution
denoument
the use of clues that hint at important plot developments that are to follow in a story
forshadowing
a scene in a story that interrupts the present action to tell about events that happened at an earlier time
flashback
turn from main cours, especially to deviate from subject in speaking or writing
digression
a sense of uncertainty or anxiety about the outcome of events in a story
suspense
incident, section of book, t.v. program
episode
memorial inscription on tomb
epitaph
grammar classification of pronouns and verbs according to the person speaking
persona
one who narrates, or tells a story
narrator
the voice
personae
the direct address of an absent or imaginary person or of a personified object
apostrophe
a struggle between two opposing forces in a piece of literature
conflict
the time and place in which the events of a literary work take place
setting
short interval between parts of a performance
intermission
in tragedy, the release of strong emotion in the audience
catharsis
one or more words, phrases, or lines that are repeated regularly in a poem, usually at the end of each stanza
refrain
the attitude a writer takes toward the subject or the reader of a work of literature
tone
a long narrative poem that usually centers on a single important character who embodies the values of a particular society
epic
the moment of highest emotional intensity in a plot, when the outcome of the conflict is finally made clear to us
climax
a pause within a line of poetry or everyday speech, used where needed and felt
caesura
a trite or overused expression or idea
cliche
comparison of two inlike things using the verb "to be"
metaphor
the comparison of tow unlike thing using "like" or "as"
simile
a situation or a statement that seems to contradict itself but on closer inspection, does not
paradox
giving human qualities to animals or objects
personification
a reference in one literary work to a character or theme in another literary work
allusion
names a quality, characteristic, or idea
abstract noun
when the action expressed is physcial
action verb
a word used to modify a noun or a pronoun
adjective
a word used to modify a verb, adjective, or another verb
adverb
a noun or pronoun (with modifiers) set beside another noun or pronoun to explain or identify it
appositive
names a group and can be singular or plural
collective
does not name a particular person, place, or thing
common noun
terms that are used reflexively and intensively
compund personal pronoun
a word that joins words or groups of words
conjuntion
adverbs that join independent clauses, which may also be whole sentences
conjunctive adverbs
line up and match to each other
coordinating conjunction
always used in pairs
correlative conjunction
used to point our persons or things
demonstrative pronoun
of the verb and recieves the action of the verb or shows the result of the action
direct object
a verb ending in -ing that is used as a noun
gerund
help the main verb to express action or make a statement
helping verbs
not capitalized and not able to find
indefinite pronoun
of the verb, precedes the direct object and usually tells to whom or for the action verb is done
indirect object
a verb form, usually preceded by to, that is used as a noun or a modifier
infinitive
used to ask questions
interrogative pronoun
verbs that help to make a statement not by expressing action but by expressing a state or condition
linking verb
primary verd in action
main verb
a pronoun that acts as the subject
nominative case pronoun
a word used to name a person, place, or thing
noun
a pronoun that acts as the object or the object of the verb
objective case pronoun
used before a noun in teh same way that adjectives are used to limit the meaning of a noun
possessive pronoun
an adjective complement that modifies the subject of the verb, follows linking verb
predicate adjective
a noun or pronoun complement that refers to the same person or thing as the subject of the verb, follows a linking verb
predicate nominative
when the subjective complement is a noun
predicate noun
a word used to show the relation of a noun or pronoun to some word in the sentence
preposition
a verb ending in -ing that is used as an adjective
present particple
names a particular person, place, or thing and is capitalized
proper noun
a pronoun that begins a subordinate adjective clause and is related to a noun or pronoun already mentioned or understood. the word to which the relative pronoun is relates is its antecedent
relative pronoun
the part of the sentence about which something is divulged
subject
a word that expresses action or otherwise helps to make a statement
verb