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23 Cards in this Set

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Great Dionysia=City Dionysia
annual spring festival in honor of Dionysus, when dramatic competitions were held among three poets selected by the city
Theater of Dionysus
performance site of drama in Athens on teh south slope of the acropolis; part of a shrine to this god
polis
the ancinet Greek word for "city-state"; the primary political organization
oikos
the family unit, including its physical property; it needs are often in tension with the polis
Acropolis
"the high city"; most famous part of Athens; theater on its south slope
Chorus
group of 12-15 men who sing and dance sduring the plays. They often represent the collective community, but not necessarily teh poet's thoughts.
choryphaeus
chorus leader; steps forward to speak with protagonists
stichomythia
the line-by-line debates, characteristic fo Greek drama
dithyramb
chorla hymns to Dionysus; tragedy grew partly from this type of poetry
Thespis
the semi-legendary founder of tragedy during the sixth century B.C.E.
Pisistratus
tyrant who founded the tragic festival during the sixth century B.C.E.
Cleisthenes
founder of Greek democracy 2500 years ago
Chore^goi
wealthy citizens who were "asked" to fund performances
proagon
a ceremony before the tragic festival; the playwright and actors would stand in costume before an assembly in the Odeion and announce the subjects of his plays
agora
the equivalent of the town square; a marketplace; first performances of drama here
ske^ne^
pronounced "skaynay"; building or tent at back of acting area; often painted for scenery
orchestra
the dancing area; chorus occupies this space
eisoidoi
"entrances" to performance space; the opposite of an eisodos is an exodos
ekkykle^ma
a cart inside the ske^ne^ which could be suddenly rolled out to display the result of an event inside; e.g. the murder of Agamemnon
me^chane^
a crane used to lift actors above the acting area; usually actors are playing gods here, hence the phrase deus ex machina
agon
in general, "competition"; specifically, the debate in a drama
parodos
the first ode the chorus sings as it enters the orchestra
stasimon
any choral ode sung subsequent to the parodos