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42 Cards in this Set

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Persona vs. speaker
specific character of the speaker VS. voice used by the author to create a character
image
language that addresses the senses
metaphor
comparison without using LIKE or AS
simile
comparison using LIKE or AS
metonymy
a type of metaphor in which something closely associated w. a subject is substituted for it ex: The White House=President
personification
metaphor attributing human characteristics to a non-human thing
symbol- conventional:
obvious, banking on a common cultural experience
symbol- literary:
contextual, a conventional symbol with reworked meaning specific to text
alliteration
words beginning with the same letter
assonance
similar sounding words after one another (same sane)
consonance
identical consonant sounds w. different vowel sounds (home same)
oxymoron
2 opposite concepts brought together to describe 1 common subject
irony (verbal)
stating obvious and pointedly meaning the opposite
apostrophe
an address to absent person or non-human, non-comprehending object (ex: Wordsworths' Milton)
ambiguity
allows for 2 or more simultaneous interpretations of a single word (ex: Olds' 'come' in "sex without love")
meter
rhythmic pattern of stresses in a poem
feet
mertrical units by which poetry is measured
iamb
unstressed + stressed
trochee
stressed + unstressed
anapest
unstressed + unstressed + stressed
dactyl
stressed + unstressed + unstressed
caesura
pause within a line of poetry
enjambment
line in poetry unending and without punctuation that continues to the next line
sonnets
14 lines, iambic pentameter

Shakespearean: 3 quatrains + 1 couplet
Italian: 1 octave + 1 sestel
open form
poetry without adherence to specific patterns of rhyme, meter, stanza
story vs. narrative discourse
collection of all possible events that happen in a predetermined period of time VS. a version of a tale, selection and arrangement of various events during a pre-determined period (re-presentation)
constituent vs. supplementary events
events essential to the story's progression VS. "extras" in a fiction text; still important
diegesis
world of the text
heterodiegetic
narrator outside of text
homodiegetic
narrator closely involved in text
Freytag's Pyramid
exposition, rising action, climax, falling action, conclusion
complication
during rising action
focalization
the lens through which we see characters and events in the narrative; source to find sense of conflict
theme
may be abstract OR concrete
motif
concrete ONLY
conflict
jumping-off point or source of textual interpretation

man vs: nature, man, self, society
flat vs. round characters
few dimensions or complexities vs. many in a character
agon
the chief conflict that is the basis of the plot
soliloquy
a charcter alone on stage speaks in monologue; technique of informing audience of inner thoughts of character
aside
speech directed to audience or character that supposedly is not audible to other on stage at the time
3 unities of classical drama
time, setting and action
law of re-entry
offstage time must be sufficiently long to conceivably complete task