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42 Cards in this Set

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any person in a story or any entity in a story that behaves as if it is a person
(ex: The enterprise on Star Trek would be a character)
Character
multi faceted and complex
Round
- one distinguishing characteristic and only exists to advance the plot
Flat
remain unchanged throughout the story (mentally or physically)
Static
change during the story
Dynamic
method by which an author creates a character (SATA- speech, appearance, thought, actions)
Characterization
describing characters through the speech and thoughts of other characters
Indirect
narrator or author provides information about the character
Direct
main character of story (does not necessarily mean the character is good)
Protagonist
the person or force who acts against the protagonist
Antagonist
character that serves as an opposite for a main character (ex Romeo and Mercutio)
Foil
reference to person, place, thing, or idea that the author assumes the reader will be familiar with
Allusion
an item that represents itself and a concept larger than itself (2 types: a) general- accepted meaning within a culture and b) contextual- only make sense within the story)
Symbol
any difference between appearances and reality
Irony
when you say one thing and you mean something else
Verbal irony
when you say one thing, you mean another, but you intend to be mean
Sarcasm
when it seems that things are going to turn out one way and they turn out another
Situational irony
when the audience or reader knows information that the main character does not
Dramatic irony
when you have come to believe that you are invincible and the universe needs to give you a reality check
Cosmic irony
types of literature (fiction, nonfiction, poetry, plays, folk tales)
Genre
generally identified because it has stanzas
Poetry
anything in paragraphs
Prose
identified by dialogue tags
Drama
one person delivering an extended speech
Monologue
a solo, one person alone on stage delivering a speech
Soliloquy
a character speaks directly to the audience
Aside
conversation between characters
Dialogue
speech that is specific to a region or group of people
Dialect
word choice
Diction
the writer’s attitude towards the reader, the content, or both
Tone
the way the author writes
Style
dictionary meaning of a word
Denotation
cultural meaning
Connotation
place
Locale
time and place
Setting
time, place, and social or cultural values
Milieu
the overall impact of a work upon the reader
Effect
what about what the story’s about? A moral is a lesson. A topic is an idea or specific content. A theme is the author bringing up issues for a reader to consider (but it is unanswered)
Theme
any problem in a story
(internal, external)
(versus: man vs. man, man vs. nature, man vs. society, man vs. self (can be both psychological and physical ex: a drunk), man vs. the supernatural, man vs. technology)
Conflict
the atmosphere created within a piece of literature
Mood
the introduction provided by the author to set the mood or to lend insight on how the story should be interpreted
Prologue
the background information required to get the story started and where the major conflict is introduced
Exposition