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13 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Define: Behaviorism
learning is a process of stimulus and response. Language is learned by imitation. Babies learn to talk due to positive reinforcement.
Define: Interactionism
The social interaction is a face-to-face process consisting of actions, reactions, and mutual adaptation between two or more individuals. The interaction includes all language (including body language) and mannerisms. The goal of the social interaction is to communicate with others.
Define: Learning
is a concious way to learn. Correct immediately after mistakes, lots of drilling.
Define: language aquisition device
humans are born with the basic structures of all human languages already present in the brain. Not with Enlgihs or Japanese but the knowledge of those things that are common to all languages (verbs, nouns, etc)
Define: acquisition
learn unconciously by being surrounded with whatever you are learning.
Define: Moniter
Built in editor, that tells you one thign sounds better than another, or that the grmmar or syntax you are usuing may be incorrect. Must know the rules in order for this to work.
Define: fossilization
errors that have become a permanant part of their (new) language, Were not corrected early on, so even as advanced learners may make the same mistakes.
Define: Affective filter
Your feelings and emotions effect aquisition of language. Anxiety will block language learning.
Define: innatism/ cognitivism
Innate knowledge is universal. That is, it is inborn in everyone everywhere (though they may not be able to access it). Innate knowledge is also 100% certain--it has to be correct.
Define: Critical period hypothesis
the period in which a learner must receive language input in order to acquire language. Most researchers say this period ends about puberty.
Definition: Natural order
Aquire language rules in a natural or predictable order. Bbaies aquire vowels and then consonants in any language.
Definition: Alphabetic principle
The ability to associate sounds with letters and use these sounds to form words.
Definition: Phonemic awareness
The ability to hear and manipulate sounds in words.
Phonemic awareness is not phonics.
Phonemic awareness is auditory and does not involve words in print. Example Blending: What word am I trying to say? Mmmmmɯoooooɮp.
Segmentation (first sound isolation): What is the first sound in mop?
Segmentation (last sound isolation): What is the last sound in mop?
Segmentation (complete): What are all the sounds you hear in mop?