Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/75

Click to flip

75 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Acromegaly
Giantism: a condition resulting from an increase of GH (growth hormone).
Addison's Disease
A disorder resulting from too low levels of cortisol, cortisone.
Cretinism
A childhood disorder resulting from the lack of thyroxine
Cushing's syndrome
A disorder resulting from the overproduction of cortisol/cortisone.
Diabetes mellitus
Disorder resulting from a lack of insulin
Diabetes insipidus
Resulting from a lack of ADH
Dwarfism
Disorder of the pituary resulting in a lack of GH.
Thyrotoxicosis
Overproduction of thyroxine
Aldosteronism
Overproduction of the hormone Aldosterone
Pheochromocytoma
Overproduction of epinephrine
Myxedema
Underproduction of thyroxine
What hormone causes the thickening and vascularization of the endometrium?
Progesterone and Estrogen
What hormone causes the milk ejection from the breast?
Oxytocin
What hormone promotes the maturation of the sperm in the seminiferous tubule?
FSH
What hormone causes the constriction of the arterioles?
norepinephrine
Stimulates glucocorticoid production
ACTH
Associated with the closure of the epiphyseal plates
estrogens and testosterone
promotes the growth of all body (somatic) cells
GH
Stimulates the production and release of thyroxine
TSH
This hormone is produced by the C cells
Calcitonin
Produced by the cells of Leydig
Testosterone
Fallin level of this hormone causes the process of menstruation
Progesterone
Stimulates mammary gland development
estrogens
Hormone produced by the hypothalamus and stored in the hypophysis
ADH, oxytocin
The condition, myxedema is caused by a hyposecretion of this hormone
Thyroxine
Hormone that enhances glucose uptake by cells
Insulin
Hormone synthesized by the corpus luteum
Progesterone and Estrogen
Secreted by adipose tissues throughout the body
Leptin, resistan
This hormone is also known as hydrocortisone
Cortisol
Produced by the zona glomerulosa
Aldosterone
Synthesized by the chief cells of the parathyroid
PTH
Produced by both the testes and ovary
estrogen and testosterone
Stored in the neurohypophysis
Oxytocin, ADH
What is the primary site of production of ADH?
Hypothalamus
What is the primary site of production of ACTH?
Hypophysis
What is the primary site of production of FSH?
Hypophysis
What is the primary site of production of ICSH?
Hypophysis
What is the primary site of production of Thyroxine?
Thyroid
What is the primary site of production of PTH?
Parathyroid
What is the primary site of production of ACTH-RF?
Hypothalamus
What is the primary site of production of LH?
Hypophysis
What is the primary site of production of Testosterone?
Testes
What is the primary site of production of Aldosterone?
Adrenal cortex
What is the primary site of production of Cortisone?
Liver
What is the primary site of production of TSH-RF?
Hypothalamus
What is the primary site of production of the hormone Estradiol?
Ovary
What is the primary site of production of the hormone Calcitonin?
Thyroid
What is the primary site of function of the hormone Calcitonin?
Bone, Kidney
What is the primary site of function of the hormone Aldosterone?
Kidney
What is the primary site of function of the hormone ADH?
Kidney
What is the primary site of function of the hormone PTH?
Bone, Kidney
What is the primary site of function of the hormone ICSH?
Testes
What is the primary site of function of the hormone TSH-RF?
Adenohypophysis
What is the primary site of function of the hormone ACTH?
Adrenal Cortex
What is the primary site of function of the hormone Hydrocortisone?
Liver
What is the primary site of function of the hormone TSH?
Thyroid
Is the hypothalamus located in a skull depression known as the sella turcica?
Yes
Is the supra-optic nuclei in the neurohypophysis?
No
Are there numerous kinds of cells that comprise the adrenohypophysis?
Yes
Is the posterior pituitary (neurohypophysis) located directly below the thalamus?
No
Do nuclei of the hypothalamus monitor micro-quantities of material in general circulation?
Yes
Is the hypothalamus the site of ADH production?
Yes
Is the neurohypophysis the site of ADH storage?
Yes
Does ADH aids, at the level of the kidney, in the retention of water?
Yes
Is ADH a large macromolecular protein?
No
Is there a portal ciculatory system that exists between the hypothalamus and the adrenohypophysis?
Yes, the hypothalamohypophysial
Is there any TSH-RF in general circulation?
No
Is iodine utilized in the sythesis of the thyroid hormone thyroxine?
Yes
Are there receptor cells in the kidney and thyroid for TSH?
No, just the thyroid
Does ACTH travel form the surpa-optic nuclei of the hypothalamus to the adenohypophysis via portal circulation?
No
Where are TSH-RF and ACTH-RF synthesized?
Hypothalamus
Where are FSH, ACTH, and TSH sythesized?
Adenohypophysis
How do ADH and oxytocin pass from their area of sythesis to their area of storage?
micro droplets along nerve fiber
Can all tissues in the body monitor and make decisions?
No
Do we inherit the ability to sythesize the various hormones?
Yes