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26 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
The products of the body's endocrine glands are
a. hormones
b. enzymes
c. minerals
d. ions
a. hormones
Hormones may consist of all the following except
a. steroids
b. proteins
c. carbohydrates
d. amines
c. carbohydrates
The pituitary gland lies in the
a. abdominal cavity
b. inferior aspect of the brain
c. along the femoral artery
d. in the tissues of the neck
b. inferior aspect of the brain
All the following hormones are produced by the anterior lobe of the pituitary gland except
a. HGH
b. TSH
c. prolactin
d. insulin
d. insulin
The oversecretion of HGH in adults may result in the condition called
a. diabetes mellitus
b. acromegaly
c. Addison's disease
d. Cushing's disease
b. acromegaly
The neurohypophysis is another name for the
a. posterior lobe of the pituitary gland
b. medulla of the kidney
c. follicle that secretes estrogens
d. placenta
a. posterior lobe of the pituitary gland
In the female body, the luteinizing hormone
a. stimulates TSH production
b. regulates mineral metabolism in the body
c. stimulates uterine contractions
d. acts to promote progesterone production
d. acts to promote progesterone production
The target tissue of ACTH is the
a. thymus
b. medulla of the adrenal gland
c. cortex of the adrenal gland
d. beta cels of the pancreas
c. cortex of the adrenal gland
The hormone responsible for stimulating contractions of the uterus is known as
a. insulin
b. UCH
c. gucagon
d. oxytocin
d. oxytocin
The thyroid gland is located
a. within the brain
b. in the lower abdominal cavity
c. near the larynx
d. behind the spleen
c. near the larynx
In order for the thyroid gland to produce thyroxin
a. iodine must be available
b. carbohydrate molecules must be available
c. calcium must be low
d. iron levels must be low
a. iodine must be available
Symptoms of certinism include:
a. excessive urination and thirst
b. electrolyte imbalance in the body
c. stunted growth and thickened facial features
d. depressed calcium absorption in the digestive tract
c. stunted growth and thickened facial features
Graves' disease can result from an excess of
a. calcium in the blood
b. thyroxin in the blood
c. catecholamines in the respiratory passageways
d. glucagon in the pancreas
b. thyroxin in the blood
Calcitonin and the parathyroid hormone both control the level of
a. pituitary hormones in the blood
b. glucose in the blood
c. thymosins in the blood
d. calcium in the blood
d. calcium in the blood
The symptoms of diabetes mellitus may include all the following except
a. frequent urination
b. excessive thirst
c. high glucose content of the urine
d. abnormal mineral absorption
d. abnormal mineral absorption
The hormone antagonistic to insulin is
a. FSH
b. glucagon
c. vasopressin
d. estrogen
b. glucagon
The parathyroid glands are located close to the
a. pancreas
b. lower abdominal cavity
c. brain
d. larynx
d. brain
In patients with diabetes mellitus
a. insufficient glucose enters the cells
b. the medulla of the adrenal gland is damaged
c. progesterone is not produced by the placenta
d. the hypothalamus is nonfunctional
a. insufficient glucose enters the cells
The large endocrine gland located in the abdominal cavity is the
a. pineal gland
b. thymus gland
c. pancreas
d. thyroid gland
c. pancreas
The large endocrine gland located in the abdominal cavity is the
a. pineal gland
b. thymus gland
c. pancreas
d. thyroid gland
a. pineal gland
The two major portions of the adrenal gland are the
a. medulla and the cortex
b. exocrine and endocrine
c. renal and subrenal
d. posterior and anterior portions
a. medulla and cortex
The hormones of the adrenal glands complement the action of the
a. sensory nervous system
b. central nervous system
c. sympathetic nervous system
d. external nervous system
c. sympathetic nervous system
The concentration of sodium and potassium ions in the blood and body fluid is regulated by hormones known as
a. glucocorticoids
b. androgens
c. adrenergic hormones
d. mineralocorticoids
d. mineralocorticoids
Hormones that influence the secondary sex charactoristics may be produced by both the
a. pancreas and pineal gland
b. thyroid and parathyroid gland
c. thymus and pituitary glands
d. adrenal cortex and reproductive organs
d. adrenal cortex and reproductive organs
Melatonin is secreted by the
a. pancreas
b. thymus gland
c. pineal gland
d. pituitary gland
c. pineal gland
The proper functioning of the body's immune system depends in part on the activity of the
a. thyroid gland
b. thymus gland
c. parathyroid gland
d. adrenal gland
b. thymus gland