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50 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
The products of the encocrine glands are
hormones
Steroid hormones are lipid molecules synthesized from
cholesterol
All hormones are transported in the body by the
blood
Estrogen, progesterone, and cortisol are examples of
steroid hormones
When nonsteroid hormones interat with cells they may affect the activity of an enzyme called
adenyl cyclase
The pituitary gland lies in the saddle of a sphenoid bone called the
sella turcica
The hormones released by the posterior pituitary gland are produced by a portion of the brain called the
hypothalamus
Another name ofr the anterior lobe of the pituitary gland is
adenohypophysis
Oversecretion of the human growth hormone during childhood results in
gigantism
The thyroid gland is located in the tissues of the
neck
In order to produce thyroxin, the diet must contain
iodine
Insufficient secretion of thyroxin in infants and children can result in a disease called
cretinism
An excess of thyroxin can result in a condition known as
Grave's disease
The hormone TSH is secreted by the pituitary gland and has an effect on the
thyroid gland
The hormone that acts on the mammary glands and stimulates the production of milk is called
prolactin
One hormone of the posterior pituitary gland acts on the kidney tubules and is called
antidiuretic hormone
The hormone whose target tissue is the uterus where it induces contractions is called
oxytocin
In absence of dietary iodine, the ghyroid gland swells and produces a condition called
goiter
The parathyroid glands are located on the posterior surface of the
thyroid gland
Parathyroid hormone secreted by the parathyroid glands regulates the body's level of
calcium
The calcium-regulating hormone of the thyroid gland is called
calcitonin
The large glandular organ of the abdominal cavity beneath the stomach is the
pancreas
Diabetes mellitus is a condition in which the pancreas produces an insufficient supply of
insulin
Insulin promotes cell uptake of
glucose
When a person has not eaten, the pancreas produces the hormone
glucagon
Insulin is produced by cells of the pancreas known as
beta cells
The adrenal glands may be found on the superior borders of the
kidneys
The outer tissue of the adrenal gland is known as the
cortex
Aldosterone is an example of adrenal hormones called
mineralocorticoids
The metabolism of carbohydrates, protein, and fats is regulated by hormones of the adrenal glands called
glucocorticoids
The activity of the adrenal is regulated by an anterior pituitary hormone abbreviated as
ACTH
An insufficient secretion of hormones from the adrenal cortex may result in the disease called
Addison's disease
Another name for the parathyroid hormone is
parathormone
The hormone insulin is composed exclusively of
protein
The function of the hormone glucagon is to stimulate the breakdown of the carbohydrate
glycogen
The innner tissue of the adrenal gland is called the
medulla
The concentration of electrolytes in the body is regulated by the adrenal hormones called
mineralocorticoids
An important hormone of the adrenal medulla which functions in the "fight or flight" response is called
epinephrine
Oversecretion of hormones from the adrenal cortex can result in
Cushing's syndrome
The corpus luteum of a woman secretes the hormone
progesterone
The small endocrine gland located in the midbrain that secretes melatonin is the
pineal gland
The thymus gland plays an important role in the development of white blood cells called
T-lymphocytes
Numerous cells in various organs of the body secrete lipid hormones called
prostaglandins
The hormone erythropoetin functions during the maturation of
red blood cells
Hormones from the ovearies influence the secondary sex characteristics of the
female
The hormone that is believed to regulate matin behavior and day-night cycle is called
melatonin
Female sex hormones are known as
estrogens
The location of the pineal gland is within the
brain
The maturation and development of T-lymphocytes is regulated by hormones called
thymosins
The hormones gastrin and secretion function in the process of
digestion