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21 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
hypothalamus is located
in the lower central part of the brain
hypothalamus controls
pituitary gland by producing chemicals that either stimulate or suppress hormone secretions from the pituitary.
pituitary gland is located
Base of the brain, below hypothalamus
pituitary gland secretes
endorphins and hormones that signal the reproductive organs to make sex hormones (controls ovulation and menstrual cycle)
pit. gland is Divided into two parts:
Anterior and Posterior lobe
posterior lobe:
releases antidiuretic hormone (controls balance of water)
Anterior lobe:
Regulates activity of the thyroid, adrenals, and reproductive glands
throid is located
Located in front part of lower neck
thryoid helps
These hormones control the rate at which cells burn fuels from food to produce energy
Four tiny glands attached to thyroid
Release parathyroid hormone (regulates the level of calcium in the blood )
adrenal glands located
Two-one on top of each kidney
outer part of adrenal gland
Outer part is the adrenal cortex (produces corticosteroids)
adrenal cortex...
Influence or regulate salt and water balance
Body's response to stress, metabolism, the immune system, and sexual development and function
inner part of adrenal gland
adrenal medulla (produces catecholamine) Ex: adrenaline
adrenal medulla...
Increases blood pressure and heart rate when the body experiences stress.
pineal body located...
Located in the middle of the brain
pineal body...
Secretes melatonin (hormone that may help regulate when you sleep at night and when you wake in the morning)
pancreas function...
Produces insulin and glucagon
Maintain a steady level of glucose in the blood to keep the body supplied with fuel to produce and maintain stores of energy.
Most hormones are controlled by a
negative feedback system
negative feedback system
plasma levels of one type of hormone influence the level of other types of hormones
direct nervous stimulation
Another method of method of regulation ; cause gland to secrete hormones