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69 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Anorexia
lack of appetite
Exophtalamia
protrusion of eyeballs
Goiter
enlargement of thyroid gland
Hirsutism
abnormal hairness
Hypocalcemia
deficient calcium in blood
Hypoglycemia
deficient sugar in blood
Hypokalemia
deficient potassium in blood
Hyponatremia
deficient sodium in blood
Paresthesia
abnormal sensation, prickling
Polydipsia
excessive thirst
Polyphagia
excessive appetite
Polyuria
excessive urination
Tetany
muscle spasms
Acromegaly
enlargement of extremities.. hypersecretion of somatotropin
Diabetes insipidus
Undersecretion of ADH... results in polydipsia & polyuria
Gigantism
Hypersecretion of somatotropin during childhood leading to excessive growth
Growth Hormone Deficiency
Somatotropin deficiency resulting in dwarfism
Panhypopituitarism
deficiency of all pituitary hormones... aka Simmond's Disease
Syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone
oversecretion of ADH leading to inability to excrete concentrated urine
Hyperthyroidism
excessive thyroid hormone production...aka thyrotoxicosis - Grave's Disease
Hypothyroidism
deficient thyroid hormone production... child--> cretinism; adult --> myxedema
Hyperparathyroidism
overproduction of parathyroid hormone
Hypoparathyroidism
deficient parathyroid hormone production
Addison's Disease
insufficient secretion of cortisol from adrenal cortex
Cushing's Disease
excessive secretion of cortisol by adrenal cortex
Pheochromocytoma
tumor of adrenal medulla that causes oversecretion of epinephrine & norepinephrine
Type I Diabetes
lack of insulin production.. aka insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus
Type II Diabetes
deficient insulin production... aka non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus
Hyperinsulinism
oversecretion of insulin; causes severe hypoglycemia
A1c
measure of average blood glucose during 3 month time span
Fasting Blood Sugar
after fasting, amount of glucose present in the blood measures body's ability to break down and utilize glucose
Glucose Tolerance Test
blood test to measure body's response to a concentrated glucose solution -- diagnoses diabetes mellitus
Hormone tests
measures ADH, cortisol, GH, or parathyroid hormone
Radioimmunoassay
test used to tag and detect hormones in blood through the use of radionuclide
Thyroid Function tests
assess T3, T4, & calcitonin
Total calcium
measures amount of Ca in blood
Urine glucose
monitor diabetes mellitus; urine tested for presence of glucose
Urine ketones
test for presence of ketones
Adrenalectomy
bilateral removal of adrenal glands
Hypophysectomy
excision of pituitary gland
Pancreatectomy
excision of pancreas
Parathyroidectomy
removal of parathyroid glands
Thyroidectomy
removal of thyroid gland
adren/o
adrenal gland
somat/o
body
toc/o
delivery, labor
aden/o
gland
gonad/o
gonads
lob/o
lobe
lact/o
milk
neur/o
nerve
gen/o
origin
hypophys/o
pituitary gland
press/o
pressure
gluc/o, glyc/o
glucose
thalam/o
thalamus
thyr/o, thyroid/o
thyroid gland
phys/o
to grow
crin/o
to secrete
trop/o
to turn
ur/o
urinary system/urine
vas/o
vessel
anti-
against
endo-
within
exo-
outside
hypo-
under
oxy-
rapid
pro-
in front of
-crine
to secrete