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45 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Name the ten major endocrine glands
pineal pituitary thyroid parathyroid thymus hypothalamus adrenal pancreas
ovaries testes
what are the six main hormones formed in the anterior pituitary?
growth hormone (GH)
prolactin (PRL)
thyrotropic hormone (TH)
adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH)
follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH)
luteinizing hormone (LH)
what are the two main hormones formed in the posterior pituitary?
oxytocin
antidiuretic hormone (ADH)
what hormones are formed in the thyroid?
thyroid hormone
calitonin
what hormones are formed in the adrenal cortex?
mineralcorticoids
glucocorticoids
sex hormones
what hormones are formed in adrenal medulla?
epinephrine
norepinephrine
what hormones are formed in the pancreas?
insulin
glucagon
what hormones are formed in the pineal gland?
melatonin
what hormones are formed in the thymus?
thymosin
what hormones are formed in the ovaries?
progesterone
estrogens
what hormones are formed in the testes?
androgens (testosterone)
what is a hormone?
a chemical substance secreted by cells into the blood, that regulates the activity of other cells in the body
what is a tropic hormone?
hormones that control the release of other hormones
hormone involved in regulating daily and cicadian rhythms
melatonin
where are hormones secreted by the hypothalumus stored and released?
posterior pituitary
what is the function of oxytocin?
stimulates contraction of uterus and milk "let down" reflex
what hormone promotes retention of water in the kidneys?
antidiuretic hormone (ADH)
what hormone stimulates growth and metabolism?
growth hormone (GH)
what is the function of follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH)?
stimulates production of ova and sperm
what is the function of prolactin (PRL)?
stimulates milk production
what is the function of luteinizing hormone (LH)?
stimulates ovaries and testes
what is the function of thyrotropic hormone (TH)?
stimulates thyroid
what is the function of thyroxine and triiodothyonine?
major metabolic hormone
what is the function of the adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH)?
stimulates adrenal cortex to secrete glucocorticoids
what hormone helps reduce blood calcium level?
calcitonin
what hormone raises blood calcium level?
parathyroid hormone (PTH)
what is the function of epinephrine and norepinephrine?
to prepare the body for short-term stressors by increasing blood gluclose levels and rate of metabolism
what hormones help the body deal with long-term stressors?
glucocorticoids
where are androgens and estrogens formed?
gonads and adrenal cortex
hormonal stimulus
endocrine organs are stimulated by other (tropic) hormones
humoral stimulus
endocrine organs activated by changing ion levels in the blood
neural stimulus
nerve sends signal to activate gland
what hormone can raise blood pressure by increasing blood volume and causing vasopression?
antidiuretic hormone (ADH)
hypocalcemic
decreases calcium level in blood
hypercalcemic
increases calcium level in blood
what two organs rest on the superior aspect of the kidneys?
adrenal cortex and adrenal medulla
what hormones regulate electrolyte balance? where are they secreted?
mineralocorticoids; adrenal cortex
what hormones are secreted by the pancreas?
insulin and glucagon
hyperglycemic
raises glucose levels in the blood
hypoglycemic
lowers glucose levels in the blood
what endocrine gland is responsible for programming the immune system?
thymus
______, formed in the _____ _____, triggers ovulation and stimulates testosterone.
Luteinizing hormone; anterior pituitary
how does calcitonin decrease blood calcium levels?
causes calcium ions to deposit in bones
how does parathyroid hormone increase blood calcium levels?
stimulates osteoclasts to break down bone matrix and release calcium
what two hormones regulate blood sugar?
insulin and glucogon