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75 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
The largest portion of the brain is the
Cerebrum
The peripheral nervous system is made up of the
Cranial and Spinal Nerves
The area of the brain responsible for respiration, heart rate, and blood pressure is the
Cerebellum
The conductor of nerve impulses that initiates reflex reaction to sensory information without input from the brain is the
Spinal Cord
The three layers of membrane that cover the brain and spinal cord are called the
Meninges
A cordlike structure that carries impulses within the body is defined as a
Nerve
The thin inner layer of the meninges is the
Pia Mater
The term that means fainting is
Syncope
The abbreviation for a sudden deficient supply of blood to the brain lasting a short time is
TIA
The endocrine gland that is approximately the size of a pea, located at the base of the brain is the
Pituitary
The anterior lobe of the pituitary gland is also called
Adenohypophysis
Insulin is secreted by the
Islets of Langerhans
The adrenal medulla secrets
Epinephrine
The combining form that means potassium is
kal/i
Transient ischemic attack (TIA) is defined as
A sudden deficient supply of blood to the brain lasting a short time. (The symptoms are temporary and the usual outcome is complete recovery.)
*Radioactive iodine is give to the patient orally, after which its uptake into the thyroid gland is measured.*

A nuclear medicine test that measures thyroid function is a
Radioactive Iodine Uptake
(RAIU)
The term that means a narrow strip of tissue connecting two large parts in the body is defined as a(n)
Isthmus
The sum total of the chemical processes that take place in a living organism is called
Metabolism
The abbreviation for the diagnostic test that determines the amount of glucose in the blood is
(FBS)

Fasting Blood Sugar
The abbreviation for the chronic disease involving a disorder of carbohydrate metabolism (underactivity of the islets of Langerhans) is
(DM)- Diabetes Mellitus
A group of symptoms that is attributed to the excessive production of cortisol by the adrenal cortex is
Cushing Syndrome
A decrease in the activity of the antidiuretic hormone produced by the posterior lobe of the pituary gland results in
(DI) Diabetes Insipidus
A condition brought about by the overproduction of the pituitary growth horomone (before puberty) is
Gigantism
A blood study that gives the direct measurement of the amount of thyroxine in the blood is a
(T4) Thyroxine Level
The term aphasia means loss or impairment of
Speaking
The term dysphasia is defined as a condition marked by
difficulty in speaking
The term echoencephalography (EchoEG) is defined as the
process of recording the brain (structures) by sound.

*Also called ultrasonography of the brain.*
The process of recording the electrical impulses of the brain
Electroencephalography
The surgical term neurolysis is defined as
Separation of a nerve (from adhesions)
The term electroencephalogram (EEG)
record of the electrical impulses of the brain
A degenerative disease characterized by sclerotic patches along the brain and spinal cord is
Multiple Sclerosis
The term that means blood tumor petraining to below the dura mater is
Subdural Hematoma
The term neurasthenia is defined as
A nerve weakness
The term meningomyelocele means that there is a protrusion through the vertebral column of the meninges and the
Spinal Cord
A group of nerve cells located outside of the central nervous system is the
Ganglion
The delicate middle layer of the meninges is the
Arachnoid
The combining form that means gray matter is
poli/o
The term that means an increased amount of cerebrospinal fluid in the ventricles of the brain is
Hydrocephalus
The surgical repair of a nerve is called
Neuroplasty
A disease characterized by early senility, confusion, restlessness, and loss of recognition of familiar persons or surroundings is
Alzheimer Disease
An emotional disorder that involves an ineffective way of coping with anxiety or inner conflict is called
Neurosis
The term that means (occurring) between seizures or attacks is
Interictal
The synonym for quadriplegia is
Tetraplegia
The progression or treatment of multiple sclerosis may be measured by _______________,
a group of diagnostic tests that measure changes and responses in brainwaves elicited by visual, auditory, or somatosensory stimuli
Evoked Potiential Studies (EP studies)
An incision into a nerve root is called
Rhizotomy
The term adrenopathy is defined as
A disease of teh adrenal gland
The excessive concentrations of circulating parathyroid hormone appeared to be caused by a(n) ____________, a tumor of the parathyroid gland.
Parathyroidoma
The term acromegaly is defined as
Enlargement of the extremities
The term hyperglycemia is defined as
An excessive level of sugar in the blood
The term given to the condition that results from a deficiency of thyroid hormone is
Myxedema
The term adenectomy is defined as an excision of
A Gland
The combining form that means four is
quadr/i
The prefix tetra- is defined as
four
Inflammation of the membranous coverings of the brain and spinal cord is called
Meningitis
The term neuroarthropathy means disease of the
nerves and the joint
The term that means inflammation of the gray matter of the spinal cord is
Poliomyelitis
The term neuralgia is defined as
pain in the nerve
The term that means softening of the brain is
Encephalomalacia
The term cerebral thrombosis is defined as
A blood clot in the cerebrum
A deficient supply of blood to the brain for a short time is called
Transient Ischemic Attack
The term that means (any) disease of the mind is
Psychopathy
A term that means pain in the head is
Cephalalgia
The term that means paralysis of one (limb) is
Monoplegia
The term that means softening of the spinal cord is
Myelomalacia
The term that means being unaware of one's surroundings and incapable of responding to stimuli is
Unconsciousness
Paralysis of muscles on one side of the face
Bell Palsy
Hormones are distributed through the body by
The Blood
The parathyroid glands are located
behind the thyroid gland
The combining form cortic/o means
Cortex
Dips/o is a combining form meaning
Thirst
The combining form that means calcium is
calc/i
The term parathyroidoma is defined as
A tumor of the parathyroid gland
Process that includes the use of a computer to produce a series of images of the tissues of the brain at any desired depth.
Computed Tomography of the brain (CT scan)
Magnetic resonance imaging of the brain (MRI scan)
a noninvasive technique that produces cross sectional and sagittal images of soft tissues of the brain by magnetic waves w/o radiation.
An imaging technique with a radioactive substance that permits viewing a slice of the brain to examine blood flow and metabolic activity.
Positron emission tomography of the brain (PET scan)